Years ago I read that civilizations had maps like that of the Herodotus, who was an ancient Greek historian. Said maps named lands or peoples according to cardinal directions, but without referring to them as a continent or an ethnicity. Besides the Herodotus maps, I only know of the below Chinese maps. Does anyone know of any other such maps?

To to clear, the person/civilization didn't actually have to draw maps necessarily. They only had to name lands according to cardinal points. If I'm not mistaken, one of the societies that did that was the Persians.

Chinese "Huaxia" map

Herodotus T and O map

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    So you're asking what maps are known to have existed in the ancient world? What sort of scale are you considering (countrywide, continent-wide, global or something else) ? – Steve Bird Feb 14 '19 at 13:51
  • Polynesian maps count as well? These are maps, but without text. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Islands_stick_chart – Santiago Feb 14 '19 at 13:51
  • @stevebird Yes, but from a centrist perspective(ethnic or geographic). Continent-wide preferably(since they obviously did not know the whole world). – Sorb Feb 14 '19 at 13:59
  • @santiago Yes, I think that counts. Thank you. – Sorb Feb 14 '19 at 14:01
  • May I ask where you got that second map from? It reads, for North Europe, "Androphagi" -- men-eaters. That's... enough to make me curious. ;-) – DevSolar Feb 14 '19 at 16:09

Some maps probably just did not survive to our time. For example, Pacific islanders certainly had some sort of maps (they sailed long distance between the islands, this is impossible without some maps or substitutes.) Cook actually describes these maps in his log. They were made of sticks. But none of them survived, and Cook's description is not sufficient to reproduce them.

Remark. When the British discovered Pacific islands, they prohibited any travel between them except in the British ships. This led to to massive loss of knowledge: we can only guess their methods of navigation and shipbuilding. All that remains is Cook's and his contemporaries pictures and descriptions. The islanders had no writing while the British were not very interested in the native science.


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