According to Wikipedia, BM met VL in Switzerland in the 1900s. Lenin is said to have lamented the loss of 'such a capable person' to the cause later on in the 20s:

"What a waste that we lost Mussolini. He is a first-rate man who would have led our party to power in Italy."

However, I couldn't see anything from Lenin at the time he supposedly met Mussolini.

What did Mussolini make of Lenin? Did he meet other future Bolshevik top dogs?

  • 3
    How could Lenin have "lamented the loss of such a capable person later on in the 20s", when Mussolini outlived Lenin? Or do you mean loss "to the cause"?
    – DevSolar
    Mar 15, 2019 at 10:39
  • 1
    Yes, loss to the cause.
    – Ne Mo
    Mar 15, 2019 at 11:12

2 Answers 2


It is disputed whether Mussolini met Lenin during his time in Switzerland.

According to Joshua Muravchik in Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism, Mussolini

left Italy for Switzerland, home to many expatriates, where he lived off friends and odd jobs, and, like so many other revolutionaries, received the occasional subvention from his parents. There are conflicting accounts about whether he encountered Lenin, who was also in exile in Switzerland at the time.

RJB Bosworth's 600+ page book Mussolini makes no mention of the two men meeting. Nor does Simone Visconti in his 32-page chapter A Romagnol in Switzerland: Education of a Revolutionary (in Mussolini 1883–1915).

However, Mussolini did know Angelica Balabanoff, a

close disciple of Lenin’s, who had moved to Italy and was then carrying out socialist agitation among Italians in Switzerland.

Source: Muravchik

so a meeting cannot definitely be ruled out as the times they were in Geneva appear to overlap: Mussolini was in Switzerland sometime before July 1902 to December 1904, spending time in Berne, Geneva (from where he was expelled in 1904) and Lausanne. Lenin was there from 1903 to 1905, living in Geneva (but spent at least some of that time outside Switzerland).

The Traces of War website article on Mussolini says that Mussolini

talked to the Russian Communist leaders Lenin and Trotsky

but does not directly cite the source for this so it's hard to comment on the reliability. The 1940 edition of John Gunther's Inside Europe is the (less emphatic) Wikipedia source for this 'reported' meeting. Gunther wrote:

Mussolini, a bricklayer, apparently met Lenin through Balabanov.

This source also alludes to the Lenin quotation cited by the OP, saying

Years later Lenin rebuked the Italian socialists for having "lost" Mussolini, their best man.

What is clear from practically every source is that Mussolini spent most of his time with Italian socialists.

While Mussolini was clearly an admirer of Lenin, he also criticized him. Roger Kimball notes in his review of Muravchik book,

Mussolini began as a disciple of Lenin and did not so much repudiate Marxism-Leninism as become a self-declared “heretic.”

Although Mussolini initially welcomed the Bolshevik Revolution, he was soon condemning Lenin as a "traitor" for undermining the Russian army's fight against the Central Powers and for signing the March 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

Nonetheless, during the November 1919 Italian election campaign, Mussolini referred to himself as the "Lenin of Italy" and

British journalist George Slocombe, who interviewed Mussolini at the 1922 Cannes conference, reported that “Lenin was the only contemporary for whom he would express respect.”

Source: Muravchik

  • Thanks. I wondered if their meeting was too 'good' to be true. I also wonder whether Lenin's quote is genuine.
    – Ne Mo
    Mar 15, 2019 at 12:26

I don’t know if Mussolini ever met V. Lenin but I once read that Lenin sent Mussolini a congratulatory telegram after Mussolini’s successful march on Rome in 1922. I’ve tried searching the interweb but can’t confirm. There is an article on Foreign Affairs by Harold Laski titled “Lenin and Mussolini” but is behind a paywall.

  • 4
    Without a reputable source to back this up, I'm afraid this isn't really worth anything. The Lasky article from Sept. 1923 makes no mention of it, and the claim seems highly unlikely given (among other things) Mussolini's opposition to socialist-led strikes just 2 months before the march on Rome. Jan 21, 2021 at 4:34
  • 3
    Thanks. Yes, this seems unlikely, and a quick google search finds a few places debunking it. It has been repeated a lot, though.
    – Ne Mo
    Jan 21, 2021 at 14:02
  • I came here from another Question which was exactly about that telegram. Result: Highly doubtful that it is real history.stackexchange.com/questions/62588/…
    – Hobbamok
    Nov 30, 2021 at 10:45

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