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In the Spanish film the photographer of Mauthausen there is a scene of a party held to celebrate the birthday of the son of Mauthausen Concentration Camp commander (Franz Ziereis).

In the party at least two children of Nazis are present, the birthday boy himself, and the daughter of a Nazi industrialist/businessman (named only Poschacher). During the party, the boy is wearing a green triangle pointing up and the girl a red triangle pointing down, as can be seen in the following screenshot.

Family photo of the two Nazi families

They remind me of the symbols used to mark Nazi prisoners, and it seems strange to me that they would put similar markings on their own children, but they are Nazis so go figure.

Are these costumes historically accurate, and if so, what is the meaning of the markings?

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    The girl’s costume looks like your average Dirndl, as opposed to a BDM uniform. The boy’s looks like it’s a Pimpf uniform with matching lederhosen. However a quick search for Hitlerjugend Abzeichen (insignia) didn’t bring up a single example of those triangles. That said, so many photos are in b/w and grainy it’s hard to tell. – Marakai Mar 30 at 22:02
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1. The triangles the children are wearing appear to be part of some kind of 'tag' game they are playing during the party. Thus, the triangles do not have anything to do with their costumes or Nazi symbols / identification / badges.

2. The costumes, a mix of traditional and non-traditional, appear to be historically accurate. At first glance, the boy's attire similar to that of the Deutsches Jungvolk but it lacks badges and other details are wrong, but this is not to say that the filmmakers made a mistake (see below).


Triangles

If you look closely (from about 1hr 06 mins) at the children playing in the background, you'll see that they are running around tagging each other. There's a green team and a red team (at one point two greens run past each other without tagging). You can see the triangles on most of them (it's hard to see all as many are not in focus or move too quickly) but some are not wearing them on the chest and the boys do not all have green like the one in your photo, and nor are the girls all red.

For example, one girl who runs close to the camera clearly has a green triangle on her shoulder while there's a boy with a red triangle, also on the shoulder. Another boy has a green triangle high on his chest. There is no consistency, as one would expect if they were proper badges.

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Screenshot from 'The Photographer of Mauthausen'.

None of the triangles are properly sewn on as one would expect if they were proper badges (see the prisoners in the film - badges are firmly sewn onto their clothing). Clearly, the triangles have only been affixed temporarily for the purpose of the game.

It would appear that the only green triangle that girls might wear was the Landjahr badge but the badge shown below is not in evidence in the film and none of the girls are wearing the uniform of League of German Girls (BDM).

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"A special triangle existed for girls who were absolving their Landjahr service. It consisted of a green triangle with the word "Landjahr" in white letters". Source: bdmhistory.com


Costumes

The boy is not wearing a pimpf or Deutsches Jungvolk uniform but the similarities may be deliberate on the part of the filmmakers. This uniform was for boys in the Hitler Youth aged 10 to 14 but, in the film, the boy's party is for his 10th birthday so he cannot yet be a member.

Additionally, other details are wrong. The braces (UK) or suspenders (US) are not standard, shorts were usually black (but could be khaki - see below), there are no badges (see below), he's wearing a tie rather than a neckerchief, and the boy has an armband with KAPO.

Sleeve triangles were worn by all members of the Hitler Youth on the upper left arm....black cloth triangles with lettering....The lettering was usually in two lines. The upper line showed the wearer’s Obergebiet (region) and the lower line showed the individual Gebiet (district).

Source: Jean-Denis G. G. Lepage, 'Hitler Youth, 1922–1945 : an illustrated history'

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Sleeve badges. Image source: warrelics.eu

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Propagandakarte Deutsches Jungvolk Jungbann Berlin, datiert 1943

Given the context of the film - the father is a 'hard-core' Nazi - it's possible he has just dressed his son to look like a pimpf (and presumably the boy will be signed up post-haste as membership was compulsory). The KAPO armband may be a reference to the fact the father runs a concentration camp.

The girl's costume, and those of the other children at the party, all seem to be traditional attire (tracht) or regular civilian attire for the period.

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Screenshot from 'The Photographer of Mauthausen'.


Acknowledgement LangLangC for confirming what I was in the process of editing, and suggesting an additional source.

  • As I would suggest, that Pimpf is not in uniform either: civilian shirt, pants, tie, wrong colour and style of pants, no shoulder stuff or pockets on shirt. It just looks nazi, as it's brownish? (As for 'historically accurate' Pimpf uniform: way out no; but then I strongly suggest that all kids are just a la mode civile: Bavarian/Austrian style: Dirndl and Lederhosen) – LаngLаngС Mar 31 at 9:11
  • @LangLangC Agreed, I'm editing at the moment. I think the father has just dressed him up to look like pimpf. The shorts, though, were not always black. – Lars Bosteen Mar 31 at 9:13
  • Compare your own cover pic and the description en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutsches_Jungvolk – LаngLаngС Mar 31 at 9:14
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    @LangLangC Thanks for your comments and the ref. I'll be refining this answer but it'll have to wait an hour or two. – Lars Bosteen Mar 31 at 9:32
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    Great answer, I didn't notice the other children having them as well and that they were attached in various places. – SIMEL Apr 1 at 15:22

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