# Approximately how much travel time was saved by the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869?

Understanding that there were a few variables involved, approximately how much travel time was saved by no longer having to travel around Africa after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869?

• It depends on where you're travelling from and to. If you're sailing from one end of the canal to the other, then it's the transit time of the canal (162 km) vs the circumnavigation of Africa (9,654km). Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 7:44
• Hi Ross! I assume you mean "how much time was saved in a year". Is that right? Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 7:54
• I can't speak for the poster, but if it were me I'd take it as "From the UK to India", as that's what its main purpose ended up being, despite it being a French-led effort (and why the UK eventually felt the need to take it over)
– T.E.D.
Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 13:14
• Do you mean travel time for a passenger, or ship time? After all, before the canal it would seem obvious for passengers (or time-critical cargo like mail) to disembark at one side of Suez, travel across on land, and get on a different ship on the other side for the remainder of the journey. Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 16:43
• Did anyone else see this question in the HNQ and think it was asking about how much time travel was involved? Commented Apr 7, 2019 at 13:27

That would have depended on the ship and your destination.

To get a sense of the savings (the travel times are from today), consider the presentation that's referenced on the Suez Canal wiki page.

As a point of comparison, London to New York is a bit over 3,300 nautical miles (6,200km) when traveling by sea. So going through Suez when traveling from Hormuz to London is like avoiding a trip and a half across the Atlantic.

This separate question has a few sources where you will likely be able to locate how much savings in days that would have meant.

In passing, crossing through Suez had an additional benefit: not needing to worry about the at times enormous waves near the Cape of Good Hope. (The sea is even more treacherous at Cape Horn.)

• The most extreme is probably shipping between Persia and Turkey if for some reason it couldn't go by land. Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 15:33
• @whatsisname Why? Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 17:40
• @AzorAhai: because of the presence of "grey africa" right next to "blue africa", and the seeming pangeafication of the world? Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 18:14
• @whatsisname I didn't even see the background. I don't think it's important. Are the routes off? Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 18:17
• @whatsisname: that's just a "watermark" background for all the slides. Commented Apr 5, 2019 at 20:20

Three steam ships of the Blue Funnel Line used both routes (round the Cape of Good Hope and via the Suez Canal) between Europe and Asia from 1866 to 1870. Upon switching from round the Cape to through the Suez Canal, these same ships saved between 10 and 12 days.

Arthur Holt's Blue Funnel Line sister ships Agamemnon, Ajax and Achilles all sailed on their first trips from London to Singapore via the Cape of Good Hope in 1866. Agamemnon, the first to sail (in April), took 59 days. Achilles, the last to sail (in August), was the fastest at 57 days.

Cargo steamer SS 'Agamemnon'. After several years sailing round the Cape, this was one of the first cargo ships to pass through the Suez Canal. Image source: magnolia box

The three ships continued to ply this route (they also went on to various Chinese ports) until the Suez Canal opened. Between 1866 and 1869, they averaged 58 days from London to Singapore. By June 1870, these same three ships had all switched to the Suez Canal route, saving 10 to 12 days, but they were not the fastest in that year: the steamship Shantung set a new record when it made the trip form Glasgow to Singapore in 42 days.

Even without the Suez Canal, the Blue Funnel Line ships had already cut the sailing time between Europe and the Far East, being much faster than sailing ships such the Eileen Radford which set the best (non-steamship) London - Singapore time in 1867 at 116 days (see also the Great Tea Race of 1866 - 3 ships took 99 days from Foochow, though they were all beaten by the auxilliary steamship Erl King which took 77 days). Equally important for the shipping company was that the steamers carried far more tonnage than the sailing ships.

Main source:

Macolm Falkus, The Blue Funnel Legend: A History of the Ocean Steam Ship Company, 1865-1973