The website Our World in Data codes the Czech Republic as having been a "colony" up to and including 1992 at this chart:

enter image description here

When you click on the "Sources" tab, it is stated:

If a country was colonized in a given year is encoded as -20.

Is this labeling of the Czech Republic as a "colony" in 1945–92 correct?

This seems to me a little strange and a little like calling California a "colony" of the United States. Would it not be more correct to instead label the Czech Republic as a part of Czechoslovakia in those years?

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    I suspect that the website simply didn't have a term to cover countries that formed as the result of a break-up of a larger state. – Steve Bird May 27 '19 at 9:03
  • Yes, that's right. So what would be the appropriate solution here? Right now the Czech Republic is coded as being a "colony" which doesn't seem correct to me. – iqntt1s May 27 '19 at 9:05
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    It's just one definition problem. All newly created, seceded states are coded this way in that chart: "colony" is really: "not an existing, independent country at the time" => "no meaningful data available". Croatia, Eritrea etc. Help me group this as 'history' as compared to 'language', 'political definitions'. – LаngLаngС May 27 '19 at 9:50
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    The difference between Czech Republic and Czechoslovakia seems immaterial, as both - either together as Czechoslovakia, or separately as the Czech and Slovak Socialist Republics - were a colony (for a given definition of "colony") of the USSR. – jamesqf May 27 '19 at 17:50
  • The source has now been updated to state: ""Colony" (coded as -20) includes not only colonies, but also countries that were not yet sovereign states (e.g. the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1945–92)." - they must read this site! – Nick C May 28 '19 at 14:57

No, Czech Republic was never a colony.

After the Second World War, Czechoslovakia was a unitary country, there was no such thing as "the Czech Republic".

In 1969, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was subdivided into the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic, which means Czechoslovakia became a federation. But being a member of a federation is very different from being a colony.

This lasted until 1993 (dropping "Socialist" from all the names in 1990) when Czech Republic became an independent state.

So, no, at no point during this time span was the Czech Republic a colony.

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    And prior to that in the mentioned time period, Czechia had been a protectorate of Nazi Germany during WW2, a Republic from WW1 to WW2, and was part of Austria-Hungary until WW1. – Denis de Bernardy May 27 '19 at 13:58
  • In fact the region or area of the Czech Republic was a kingdom within the Austrian Empire from 1804-1918 and a kingdom within the Holy Roman Empire from 1212-1806. – MAGolding May 27 '19 at 16:04
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    @MAGolding More like a kingdom, one Margraviate and one Duchy (Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia) – Bregalad May 28 '19 at 12:06

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