We all know that the Battle of Midway was a disaster for the Japanese Empire, and a turning point of the Pacific War. Events did not turn out as the IJN had hoped. But the result by no means was a foregone conclusion. The IJN had been a little bit overconfident, and a little bit unlucky. But they had achieved the primary set of circumstances they had been seeking: bringing all of the US' fleet carriers to a decisive engagement where the IJN had... well if not numerical superiority, at least numerical parity (larger number of ships, fewer planes; but more experienced pilots)
If the results had been reversed would Midway been strategically decisive for Japan? That is to say, had Japan lost 1 carrier and the US their 3 would this brought them to the point where they could have concluded the Pacific War in their favour?
Unlike Japan, the US could replace its loses... but this takes time, and effort. Moreover, without a fleet the Japanese forces would go largely unchecked for quite some time. Do any reputable historians argue that Midway provided an opportunity for the Japanese to "wipe out" the U.S. navy to a degree that would force it to make peace, providing the strategic opportunity that Japan sought? Or did it only ever provide the chance for a tactical achievement for the IJN?
Edit: Sorry folks coming here hoping to be able to provide answers to the question. Apparently the query: "Could the US have won the Pacific war without its original 3 carriers?" is subject only to speculation, and cannot be answered. /satire