Von Mises left Europe to avoid the Nazis. Does that make him a Holocaust Survivor?

closed as primarily opinion-based by KillingTime, Lars Bosteen, José Carlos Santos, Pieter Geerkens, JLK Jul 18 at 9:54

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    Why is Wikipedia's answer not sufficient? – Mark C. Wallace Jul 18 at 0:23
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    Is this question "What is the definition of a holocaust survivor"? I'm not entirely sure definitions of terms are on topic here. – T.E.D. Jul 18 at 0:25
  • @MarkC.Wallace Wiki article on von Mises doesn't really make it clear if he was directly persecuted by Nazis or their collaborants (as per the definition you linked). As far as I can tell, he wasn't, but if he was - that would make him a survivor. – Danila Smirnov Jul 18 at 7:20

The answer depends on semantics, but I would say not really, at least not in the strict sense.

This article from Haaretz gives the following as a standard definition shared by relevant experts:

Any Jew who lived for any period of time in a country that was ruled by the Nazis or their allies is called a Holocaust survivor

According to Wikipedia von Mises was Jewish but lived in Austria only until 1934. This means left for Switzerland before the former Austrian Republic was annexed by Nazi Germany in 1938.

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    You might want to add that von Mises left Austria on his own accord, due to being offered a position at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, as opposed to losing his position due to pressure from Nazi collaborants in Austria. The latter would make him a Holocaust survivor by the US Holocaust Memorial Museum or Yad Vashem definitions of such. – Danila Smirnov Jul 18 at 7:17

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