This link gives the definition of Two-nation theory:

The two-nation theory is the basis of the creation of Pakistan. It states that Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations from every definition; therefore Muslims should have a separate homeland in the Muslim majority areas of India, where they can spend their lives according to the glorious teachings of Islam.

This link says that Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first individual to come up with "Two Nation Theory".

But, some are saying that Veer Savarkar proposed it.

Who was the first to conceive the "Two Nation Theory"?


1 Answer 1


I found my answer.

Two nation theory was actually first proposed by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

He proposed this theory out of frustration from a series of incidents that took place during the Urdu-Hindi controversy in 1867 when Indian Hindus put pressure on British administrators to remove Urdu as the official language of India.

He gave the following speech in 1888:

Now, suppose that the English community and the army were to leave India, taking with them all their cannons and their splendid weapons and all else, who then would be the rulers of India?
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Is it possible that under these circumstances two nations—the Mohammedans and the Hindus—could sit on the same throne and remain equal in power? Most certainly not. It is necessary that one of them should conquer the other. To hope that both could remain equal is to desire the impossible and the inconceivable. But until one nation has conquered the other and made it obedient, peace cannot reign in the land.

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