From the way things went, it seems to me that Japan played Chinese nationalists into breaking up the Qing empire, in order to expand Japanese power in the region. Were any Chinese revolutionaries suspicious about this happening at the time, or did they more or less get played for fools*?
Despite reading about the Dark Ocean Society and the Black Dragon Society (and links from the pages for these networks/organisations), as well as the Wikipedia pages for the Chinese figures involved, I haven't seen this angle specifically discussed. I also don't really know where to start other than emailing academics.
*Or was it all part of the revolutionaries' plan?