Operation Torch Anglo-American invasion of north-western Africa
President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a direct order that Torch was to have precedence over other operations and was to take place at the earliest possible date, one of only two direct orders he gave to military commanders during the war.

What was the other direct order FDR issued during WWII?

  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doolittle_Raid ?
    – Santiago
    Feb 3, 2020 at 19:34
  • @Santiago, FDR asked the Joint Chiefs to find a way to strike back at Japan.. and Jimmy Doolittle raid was their response. It was thought up and executed by Doolittle an army bomber pilot, flying off of navy careers. Roosevelt was informed of the plan and authorized it. I could find no source which claims he ordered it. FDR surely authorized many operations in WWII, I don't think that's it.
    – user27618
    Feb 3, 2020 at 19:43
  • @JMS The idea of attacking Japan by flying medium bombers off of an aircraft carrier was by Captain Frances Low. Captain Donald Duncan then wrote a 30 page detailed plan which was presented to and approved by Admiral King. It was shown to General Arnold who also approved it. At that point, the plan was broken into 2 parts; one for the Navy and one for the Army. Colonel Doolittle was brought in to handle the Army part.
    – Barry
    Feb 4, 2020 at 1:30
  • @Barry, Thank you for the correction. Some really good information there. I'm super excited to read up on that raid which I thought I knew pretty much about. Your comment is very much appreciated I was not aware of any of that advanced planning information.
    – user27618
    Feb 4, 2020 at 14:46

1 Answer 1


The other direct order they refer to seems to have been in regard to the Battle of the Atlantic and the threat of U-Boats. As the Wikipedia article on the Battle of the Atlantic notes:

Roosevelt ordered King to transfer 60 Liberators from the Pacific theatre to the Atlantic to combat German U-Boats; one of only two direct orders he gave to his military commanders in WWII (the other was regarding Operation Torch).

The long-range B24 Liberators, in combination with technological developments like surface detection radar, helped close the mid-Atlantic gap greatly improving the safety of transatlantic convoys.

It should be noted, however, that President Roosevelt did issue other direct orders to his military commanders during the war. One relatively famous instance was when he ordered General Douglas MacArthur to leave the Philippines in February 1942 (that order was transmitted to MacArthur via General George Marshall). In the event, MacArthur didn't actually leave until March 10.


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