I’m studying the history of emigration and immigration in the 19th century. My question is: How did an immigrant become a citizen in the nineteenth century? Thank you!
To the US? Waiting period of 5 years for incoming immigrants. This waiting period was reduced from 14 years in 1802. Furthermore, "aliens" had to declare years in advance their intent of becoming citizens. Immigration was limited in the 19th century, even with the passing of the Chinese Exclusion Act. The 1882 Immigration Act required a $.50 tax, equivalent to around 12 USD today. Also, Bureau of Immigration was created in 1891, to "nationalize the immigration process and allow for more strict vigilance." Prior to this, immigration was dependent upon individual states. Ellis Island was founded in 1892.