I think back in the day most farms consisted of both agriculture and livestock, but I think, there must have been exceptions.

I'm also especially interested in small-scale family-based farms. The period of time I am most interested in, is the early 19th century (let's say from 1800-1820).

While I'm mostly focusing on England, situations in other locations will also be helpful.

Researching, I found that the prices for cereals went up quiet high around that time and it seems, that there was a lot of agriculture as I found that fallow land decreased a lot from the late 18th century on.

But all studies I found about farming, only focused on agriculture without paying attention to farm animals or did not go into detail about the types of farms at that time and delivered only a general overview.

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    Are you thinking of market gardening when you refer to "agriculture"? My understanding is that growing grain is relatively low margin and high-volume that is low intensity until harvest, while market gardening is low volume, high margin, and more steadily high intensity, farming. – Pieter Geerkens Feb 13 '20 at 17:25
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    Traditionally, I'd file 'animal husbandry' ("livestock") as part & parcel under 'agriculture'. Please define your terminology: you mean plant growing/centred agriculture? Please also cite your previous research ("found prices…", etc.) – LаngLаngС Feb 13 '20 at 17:31
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    Agriculture incudes raising both plants and animals. Small family farms would almost certainly have chickens, ducks, or geese, and perhaps a dairy cow or goat. – jamesqf Feb 13 '20 at 17:42
  • Yeah, sorry for not defining "agriculture". You may have noticed that English is not my mother tongue. Anyways... by agriculture I ment only the raising of plants. – The word Feb 13 '20 at 17:44
  • Would "farming" work for that? – T.E.D. Feb 13 '20 at 17:45

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