Henrietta Maria (the queen consort of England) was a famously strident Roman Catholic. She outraged her husband's subjects by praying publicly under the gallows at Tyburn, where many Roman Catholics had been killed for their faith, and, in private, attempted to convert her Calvinist nephew, Prince Rupert.

Her husband, Charles I was beheaded in 1649 at the close of English Civil War, and Henrietta Maria survived him by over twenty years. Charles I was still a Protestant at the time of his execution. Is there any evidence as to what the queen dowager thought - or might have thought - regarding his eternal fate? Did she believe he was in heaven or in hell?


(OP's response to T.E.D.'s question: "Are you curious what exactly being out of communion implied to Catholics at the time?")

"Yes, I suppose I am. What spurred me to ask the question was reading about Henrietta Maria, and then recalling an article I had read a while ago about the many mixed marriages - Catholic and Protestant - in Europe during the Thirty Years War. Henrietta Maria and Charles I is the most famous example of such a marriage that I can think of, and seemed like an interesting test case of what such spouses might have thought about each other."

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    The evidence of her belief system (when it would have in fact been quite inconvenient for her to have that particular one) seems to be enough. Are you curious what exactly being out of communion implied to Catholics at the time? – T.E.D. Mar 10 at 16:54
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    Purgatory seems like reasonable choice for devout Catholic :) – rs.29 Mar 10 at 20:06
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    That seems like a pretty legit question to me. I'd highly suggest editing that information into the question. That's objectively answerable with historical research, so I'd think we should be able to get a question around that reopened. – T.E.D. Mar 11 at 13:28
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    I agree with T.E.D. I think this is worth reopening. The OP is asking if there is evidence of what she thought. This doesn't seem opinion-based to me. Also, the fact that there may not be any evidence is not a reason for closing, I think, as it possible that there is evidence. – Lars Bosteen Mar 12 at 2:05
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    This community's standards regarding the answerability of a question are a bit more stringent than I realised, and therefore I'm going to (attempt to!) edit the question accordingly. – Tom Hosker Mar 12 at 9:38