probably the only Japanese here. I would like to introduce you a page which analyzes why the Japanese so-called Anime ( please note, not "Animation" ) became kind of a symbol of one of the huge industries(also culturally) world wide. There is a fair bit to translate so I will gradually update this post to cover the full translation. On the other hand, each Anime or Manag has its own unique existence, and highly noticeable, "We can find to 100% the products that suits with my interest or habitual hobby".
This site analyzes, (actually, this site is a branch site of Asahi Shinbun(English), one of the 5 most published newspapers in Japan, so I think that gives some credit to this site)
Why are Japanese Animes so loved worldwide now? The power of "Galapagosization" standing at the completely opposite side of Disney's
The page(the author) says,
These years, I have quite often have chances to talk about Japanese Anime with my friends world wide. When I was living in the U.S 30 years ago, such a thing did not occur. Now, it became of the central pillar of the "Cool Japan(English)". How did it happen? By the recommendation of my Japanese friend, I found the reason why Japanese Anime has come to have a unique power behind it's attractiveness when I went to Serbia which is very far away in the distance from Japan.
There is an "Anime Group or Organization" in Serbia(now). Established in 2007, the only only "group" where the "former" Yugoslavian Anime(or Manga) people together. Personally, I too liked the Anime from the age of my childhood, when the word "Otaku(English)" did not even exist. I cried when I watched "3000 Leagues in Search of Mother(English)" ( 1976 started ) and became a fanatic at watching "Mobile Suite Gundum(English)", and finally captivated by Animes by "Castle in the Sky(English)". I spent from Junior High to the university life in the U.S, but the U.S media did not broadcast at the time such Animes and virtually no my friends knew the existence of them. Due to the "reactionary" life in the U.S when I was not able to talk about Animes with anybody in the U.S at that time, after returning to my home country, I became more absorbed by Anime culture, which is, even in the U.S talked about by many.
The picture of people of a Serbian Anime fan group "Sakura-Bana" (In Japanese, "Cherry blossom"), some of whom are wearing in Anime fasion.
What on earth is happening in Serbia? I am unable to gather enough information why Japanese Anime is so popular world wide even googling by the word "Anime" so that I asked my friends world wide and received so many e-mails in return. The first e-mail was from Serbia, saying "We have an Anime group (organization) which is fanatic about Japanese Anime". I asked to myself. "Why at Serbia(IMO(me, Kentaro)), Japan doesn't have a considerable cultural relationship with Serbia (probably aside from Anime))), and I decided to go to Serbia to interview with them.
If the purpose for the production of Anime for Adults or Children?
On the way to Serbia, in Singapore, when I was waiting for the transit liner, I watched "Frozen(English)_2" at the airport. When I talked about it through SNS to my friend who is living in Malaysia, she/he/they went into laughing at me, "Why did you choose Frozen 2? That movie is a sort of a kind to go to the theater only when children ask their parents. (From the note of me, Kentaro, "Frozen 2" is the production by Disney) How old are you?", "47" I replied. From this conversation then, I have no idea which Anime or Animetion is produced intended for adults or children.
The picture of the tickets I bought at Changi International airport.
After the trip to Serbia which took more than 10 hours, at Beograd in Serbia. I finally able to meet the above group "Sakurabana" and from the discourse of those young people at a room of a building, I finally came to take a notice of famous Animation such as,
"One Piece(English)"(In 1999 started and ongoing), an adventure comic, whose hero's purpose is to become the king of pirates together with the illustration and the interaction of characters
"Naruto(English)", a Ninjas' action which portrays each Ninja's mystical power.
This message from Serbian young people is important.
Now the word "Anime" worldwidely has taken a firm hold in it's culture. The others are now called "cartoons". "Manga(s)" are clearly distinguished from the western "comics". I was told by these young people that such a distinction is sort of a "common knowledge" at world. (Omitted (not important)).
I would like to translate skipping some part since the site started quite Serbian specific matter, (not for the reason to omit the amount of the translation:))
Comics and cartoons are mostly ones children would love to watch. Adults who see these comics and cartoons can be viewed in strange way. However, when we watched the Japanese "Anime", we saw "these are different". If we broaden Animes, we could crush the people's common sense and build an environment that adults can easily watch animes.
The Serbian group had products such as "Dragonball(English Wiki)",(86) "Sailor Moon(English)"(92), "Digimon Adventure"(99). I was able to watch the above One-Piece and Naruto via the satellite television. This group has 1,000 people including the non regular members. All of 11 people from 22 to 35 years old said "These products are completely different (from Western's I think), and fresh enough" and captured by them, though they did not know that these are Japanese products.
「What kind of Anims or Manas have you watched or read or like?」
*James Jarrett from Canada,38 years old.
I used to watch products such as Attack On Titan(English),, Astro boy(English) in my childhood.
*Daniel James Nichol from the U.K, 28.
I like, XXXX(something, I'm sorry I can not see the name because it is too small), Mobile Suit Gundum(above), Dragonball series(above).
*Niarin Laboir From Morocco, 34,
I like Great Teacher Onizuka(English), and I enjoyed much about the products such as YYY(I am sorry even Japanese Wiki doesn't exist about this Manga or Anime, and I don't know neither too.), Nana(English), Death Note,, Naruto(above).
*Quynh Nhu Nguyen from Vietnam, 21,
I love Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba（English), and others such as ZZZ(I'm sorry I can't "decipher" the name of the product because the name is written so small.), Dororo, Black Butler,Berserk.
*Kajahilah Fyuffe from the U.S.
My first pick would go to Dragon Ball Z(English). I can't count how many (Japanese) Animes I watched. Others are the products of Studio Ghibli, Devilman,, Poke'mon.
*Ha-Saung Ju from the South Korea, 48.
MY favorite goes to products such as Akira(English),, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind , My Neighbor Totoro, Kiki's Delivery Service, and other products by the Studio GhiBli.
*Sarah Almaida from Brazil,37,
I can't count how many Animes or Managas such as City Hunter,, Super Dimension Fortress Macross, Akira(above).
*Tamarl Guntadze from Georgia, 27.
I love the products by Hayao Miyazaki such as Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind(above), and others as such as Naruto(above), Nana(above).
The world where even the leading player loses and dies.
How on earth are Japanese animes so different from the others?
The explanation by a teacher, Stepehn Mitten Radvich? who at his/her.their high school he is working at makes these animes/mangas be shown regularly for his/her/their students in the screen, was quite reasonable.
(This part is important by Kentaro.)
The "cartoons" by western people are mostly like moving picture books where the only cute leading player is in motion and do not have their own original(orthodox) stories to tell. The common acknowledgment by Sakur-Bana(the above group)is, in western's animation world, quite often basically, there is only one leading player who ends up in "happy ending" (A). Though yes, these Disney's and Pixer's has its own story. But Westerns' have a fundamental common grounds or styles for most of their products where the theme is set up where the theme is written in the manner when children can dream or want to be when they grow up. Even though the product is different, their core theme is same, according to the Sakura Bana group.** On the other hand, they say, (Japanese)Animes or Mangas, they have particularly standing out theme per each product, so that "We can find a products that fits with my own interest or likes do match with. Ranging from Actions, to Jidaigeki(English), adolescence, youth's sports fighting,
spirits', cooking, Robots and Holler, to the sci-fi, oh well, members of Sakura-baka have each own unique difference in their interest.
Furthermore, the development of the story is hard to expect. Even the leading hero has a setback, loses, even dies. There are other players in addition to the leading hero, and sometimes these other players become a main player in the story, instead of the leading player. Such a construction of the story is "impossible" in western world. I represented "Attack on Titan"(above(2013)), and "My Hero Academia(English(2016))" as examples. When you are a child, everybody think he/she/they are the leading player, but when you grow up, the reality changes. In ones' life, anything can happen。These players are spending their hard life, as if they are mirror to the readers, that's why readers get caught by these animes or mangas. In western world, these players or adults are made in live filming, but such a world exists in anime or manga.
I live in Japan so that considering the fact that every year, more than 300 products are being aired domestically, I have never paid particulr attention to the norm of their existence and the fact Japanese animes or mangas are viewed in special way by non native Japanese. Non native Japanese people world wide naturally are feeling the peculiarity of Japnese animes and mangas, which as a native Japanese, would be hard to recognize since I am living in Japan. Non native people in Japan feel it naturally and attracted by it and have become the huge fans.
From the age in which access to the animes and managas is difficult, "Sakura-bana" people were gathering these products in their own way. They have now these collection in Serbian and English as well as Japanese in their own "library".
A building architect Eelis Grubash? used to customarily run fast from their school after the school which ends around afternoon, in order to watch the Naruto(above). He/She/They says, "The animes build up stories by each every air, so that you can't miss them and be addictive. On the contrary to the Western animations, in which every story ends in one time air, this is the unique side and the attractiveness of the Japanese products
The association of Japanese animations analyzes the strength of the Japanese animes as following. "In order to fill the demand by these adults generation, which increases year by year and worldwidely, it could be said that the only Japanese animes are the ones, currently. We have a huge advantage here." According to them, the oversea Japanese anime(animation) market saw the huge rapid growth, it occupies the 46% of the total market which is 2 trillion and 1818 billion yen that includes the domestic market.
According to the Association Of Japanese animations, the oversea Japanese animation market size hit the lowest in 2008, due to the impact of the Lehman shock, but from 2013, they saw the 6 years' increase in succession. Particularly, in 2014 they saw the huge increase thanks to the rapid growth in China, as well as the rapid advancement of the variety of the information distribution platforms. In 2018, they saw the increase of the market above 1 trillion yens, but the annual growth was only 1.4%, because in the same year, Chinese government tightened the restriction of the delivery of non Chinese products which led to the abstention of Japanese products. According to the association, the Japanese anime or animation saw a huge market advancement in those several years, which occupies 46& of the whole market, 2 trillion and 1818 billion yens.
The message from the author under here will be the final answer
Japanese animes or mangas stand on the contrary in its' content nature against Disneys', including the budget and the target they mark.
Japanese Animes armes are "narrow", "deep", the themes are contrary to Disney's. (B).
Though I felt the hot addiction to Japanese animes in Serbia (by some), but that was not shared among many(ordinary) people in Serbia.. But I remembered the word by an analysis by a well knowledged critic.
Nobuaki Tsuchi, 38, who is one of the judges of both domestic and international film festivals say,
「For these who love Japanese animes or managas, these products exist differently from the "ordinary" products and what "ordinary people" watch. I would rather say, there are many spot-by-spot persons who like their own specific animes. Disneys' and Pixers' are received by viewers "broadly and shallowly", but animes and mangas are accepted by views "specifically and deeply". I think I took the point correctly.
When I went outside of the building of Sakurabana group, there was no poster of Japanese animes. Instead, there were hundreds of "Frozen 2(above)" by Disney.
When I made a research(why there were Japanese animes' or manga's posters in the city), I found a difference between Japan and the U.S how to make animes or animation(for Disneys') or mangas. Disney's strategy is from the first stage targeting the global market, therefore they have to take into consideration the each country's different religious, taboos by their daily live's standard, or politics. That means the story tends to be so simple in order for the products to be accepted worldwide. On the other hand, Japanese main strategy is targeting the domestic market, thus they can make any style of stories because they don't have to consider the many taboos of the different countries. (C).
So that Japanese animes or mangas can tolerate such as many violence or sex-related drawings which could be a big wonder or problems by the ordinary people in the world. (D). For example, I would like to pick a product, Demon Slayer(above)(2019), I like it too, but if people other than Japanese saw it, such drawings in which the demon eats people and the leading player kills the demon and blood of the demon gushes out will be viewed too extreme. (E).
Japanese products are such a two-sided sword, but such a characteristic can produce variety of products that fill the demand of many people worldwide.
I understand why Japanese words such as 「Hentai」, 「Eroguro」, 「Moe」, 「Tsundere」 are world-wide common word by Anime or Manga fans. It would be natural it would be hard to make a border between the products targeting children or adults because Japanese products produce "two-side" sword even to under aged. (F).
Firstly, I regret I should not have tried to translate the whole page. I should've picked only the important information from the site. I am sorry. Now from the above line from (A) - (F),
(A) The common acknowledgment by Sakur-Bana(the above group)is, in western's animation world, quite often basically, there is only one leading player who ends up in "happy ending".
(B)Japanese Animes armes are "narrow", "deep", the themes are contrary to Disney's.
(C)Disney's strategy is from the first stage targeting the global market, therefore they have to take into consideration the each country's different religious, taboos by their daily live's standard, or politics. That means the story tends to be so simple in order for the products to be accepted worldwide. On the other hand, Japanese main strategy is targeting the domestic market, thus they can make any style of stories because they don't have to consider the many taboos of the different countries.
(D)So that Japanese animes or mangas can tolerate such as many violence or sex-related drawings which could be a big wonder or problems by the ordinary people in the world.
(E)For example, I would like to pick a product, Demon Slayer(above)(2019), I like it too, but if people other than Japanese saw it, such drawings in which the demon eats people and the leading player kills the demon and blood of the demon gushes out will be viewed too extreme.
(F)Japanese products are such a two-sided sword, but such a characteristic can produce variety of products that fill the demand of many people worldwide.
I understand why Japanese words such as 「Hentai」, 「Eroguro」, 「Moe」, 「Tsundere」 are world-wide common word by Anime or Manga fans. It would be natural it would be hard to make a border between the products targeting children or adults because Japanese products produce "two-side" sword even to under aged.
From the information above (A)-(E), the conclusions is,
(1)The U.S or Disney's marketing strategy is completely different from the Japanese animes or mangas, which is trying to avoid the extreme scenario or drawings to avoid the conflict of interest in many worlds. Japanese anime or manga producers are first handedly targeting the domestic market, which is quite unique to regardless under-aged or adults outside Japan.
(2)From the reason above(1), the U.S or Disney's or Pixer's tend to try to make a "soft" products, which means everybody in the world can view without any concern.
(3)From the reason above(2), the Japanese makers fundamentally don't give enough consideration to if their products might be accepted or not by people outside Japan, which naturally makes their products quite unique (Garapagonization), and which fits with specific people world wide.