I have three questions about this that I hope people can help me out with:
How many soldiers were conscripted in total (in all countries)?
What was punishment like if you refused?
How many conscripts are estimated to have died in the war?
According to Wikipedia 1.3 million men were conscripted and 2.4 volunteered between 1935 and 1939.
This leaves a large portion of the war unaccounted for, as Germany carried on conscription until the end of the war.
Spartacus Educational claims that the German army could conscript 300,000 men per year.
If the rate of military conscription stayed the same for the rest of the war it would mean that around 1.8 million additional soldiers were conscripted during the war.
Approximately 18 million men served in the war, with about 5.3 million casualties by the end. If the ratio of deaths (18 : 5.3) is the same for volunteers and conscripts we can estimate that 530,000 conscripts died.
Personally I think this could be a big underestimation for the following reasons: The size of the German army increased every year as the war escalated. (In 1939 it had 4,220,000 soldiers and by 1944 it had 9,420,000 soldiers.) Also, conscripts may have been more likely to die since they were less dedicated to the war and German conscription became more and more desperate, eventually conscripting children and the elderly who were given terrible weapons and equipment.
What do you all think about this possibly being an underestimation?
(Unfortunately I have found nothing about the consequences of refusing to fight in the German army, except for some anecdotal stories about people being shot as punishment)