In an effort to understand both the Battle of Cannae and its early use of double envelopment (Pincer movement) in 216 BC, I came across the following diagram:
The diagram doesn't seem particularly well labelled. I take it from context that Hannibal's forces are in blue and the Romans are red, but I am left with the following questions:
- What are the red squares that enclose small red squares?
- Am I correct to think that the sold blue semi-circle means that forces were left in the center of the front line, in addition to flanking on both sides, as opposed to other Pincer movements I've seen where 100% of forces are split between the right and left envelopments?
- How did the Roman cavalry become separated and does their movement away from the battle indicate a retreat with pursuit by the Numidian cavalry?
- Do we know if it was 215 or 216 BC? The diagram says 215 but the article says 216.
Image Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pincer_movement