We all know the role of Egypt as a British protectorate at the time in WWII and the many battles fought in there. My question is, what is the role of the other British and French possessions in the Levantine and Middle East? Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Iran. I know that many Iraqi's sided with Nazi Germany and were open in that matter. They wanted independence from the British and so did the Palestinians, many of whom supported Hitler in his plans against the Jews (Haj Amin al-Husseini)?
As far as the Jews go, These guys fought for the British, lehi and irgun fought against. Basically the balance between resistance against British occupiers (and their white paper, limits on Jewish immigration etc) and the war against Germany produced mixed results in the Jewish communities.
As far as the Arabs go, the Nazis did make attempts to get the them on side (see the links) and many Arabs saw a German victory as a way of securing Palestine for the Arabs. But they had limited success, indeed maybe Palestinian Arabs fought for the British during the war.
Annexation of Hatay to Turkey in 1939
In June 1939, the French helped facilitate the annexation of the Hatay Province (containing the cities of Antioch and Alexandretta) by Turkey, against opposition from Syria, in the hope that this would improve the chances of Turkey supporting the Allies should a war break out in Europe. The change is still disputed by Syria to this day.
Al Jeish al Arabi (Arab Legion)
The Arab Legion, formed by the British in Transjordan in 1923 by recruiting Arabs who had served in the Ottoman Army, was expanded during the Second World War to a strength of around 1,600 men and was regarded as the "best trained Arab army". It fought creditably in the British campaigns in both Iraq and Syria in 1941.
For information on the involvement of the German Auswärtiges Amt (Foreign Office), Abwehr (Intelligence), and Brandenburgers (Special Forces), the following sources might be useful: