Many socialist countries, including the USSR, had provisions in their constitutions for recalling deputies by voters/citizens.

For instance, 1977 constitution of the USSR has

Article 107. Deputies shall report on their work and on that of the Soviet to their constituents, and to the work collectives and public organisations that nominated them. Deputies who have not justified the confidence of their constituents may be recalled at any time by decision of a majority of the electors in accordance with the procedure established by law

Was recalling of deputies ever done in practice in the USSR using the procedure outlined in article 107?

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    I updated the question to be specific about the USSR and article 107 of Brezhnev constitution from 1977. If there are other countries or revisions of the constitutions under which this happened, I'd be happy to hear and can open another question about that - as such cases would now be out of scope for this question. – tuomas Aug 17 at 4:59
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    I don't know the answer, but are you interested in the period before 1977 in the Soviet Union as well? Provision for recall elections was one of Lenin's reasons (excuses) for dissolving the constituent assembly and replacing it with the soviets as the main governing body of the country. I would assume Stalin made use of these provisions to purge those who displeased him, but I don't know. – Ne Mo Aug 17 at 13:06
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    Sorry, didn't read your comment properly – Ne Mo Aug 17 at 13:06
  • Yeah, I am very much interested in earlier times as well, but I couldn't find similar clause from Stalin constitution so I picked 1977 version instead. I believe the purges were mostly extralegal or ad hoc processes instead of (even superficially emulated) popular actions based on constitution, but would be interesting to see if there's any documented cases of recall being used as first / primary means of removing unwanted deputies. – tuomas Aug 17 at 13:09
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    It's a shame you were compelled to narrow it so much. It's a pet peeve of mine that users get forced to close interesting questions as too broad, when they obviously aren't because no one knew the answer! All socialist countries might have been a tad vague, but if no one answers you after a while I would widen it to the whole of Soviet history – Ne Mo Aug 18 at 19:34

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