Article I of the United States Constitution lists "grant[ing] Letters of Marque and Reprisal" as an explicit power of the Congress. Are these still being issued? If not, when was the last one of these issued?

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    Welcome to History:Stack Exchange. Thank you for your question; please consider revising it to be more in line with our community expectations. Like many other stacks, we expect questions to provide evidence of prior research. That helps us to understand the question, and avoids our repeating work you've already done. Our help center, and other stacks provide additional resources to assist with revisions. – Mark C. Wallace Dec 16 '20 at 17:15
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    Letters of Marque covers much of this. mysticseaport has a more concise treatment. It appears that they probably were not issued after the war of 1812. – Mark C. Wallace Dec 16 '20 at 17:19
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    The CSA issued letters of marque during the Civil War, and according to the Wikipedia article on Confederate privateers this is the last time they were used. Does the article I linked to answer your question? – Spencer Dec 16 '20 at 21:55

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