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A Jewish presence in Ancient Rome has been attested to from even before the Roman conquest of Judea. It was possible for prominent individuals to acquire Roman citizenship and at least under the Empire it was possible to acquire Senatorial rank through actions of the Emperor. Thus there appears to be a path by which a Jewish person could potentially enter the Senate.

However, there were some religious rituals associated with the Senate, for instance a sacrifice was made before each meeting, which may have made it incompatible (from an individual perspective) with Jewish observances (i.e. idolatry).

Were there any members of the Roman Senate who followed the Jewish faith?

Current Research: In addition to my general knowledge about Ancient Rome, I have read up a number of Wikipedia articles about the Roman Senate, and Jews in Ancient Rome, and I cannot find an answer to this question, nor can I find it by searching the web for related phrases.

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    Are we talking about people with Jewish faith or people who are coming from a Jewish family / ethnic background? I had an impression that in imperial Rome, the emperor and his family were literally gods and therefore monotheistic religions (eg Jewish or Christian) were incompatible with the political establishment. – Greg Mar 11 at 18:37
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    @Greg they were not literally gods but this does not affect your point. – Anixx Mar 11 at 18:43
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    @Greg; I’m interested in both - either a Jewish family background, or actively practicing the religion. The status of Jews in the empire rose and fell across time, but something their freedom of religion was allowed (even when other monotheistic religions were suppressed). After Constantine the emperors were Christian themselves, so monotheism and empire were not incompatible. – Neil Tarrant Mar 11 at 21:17
  • Over time the definition of "senator" morphed from roughly "magistrate or former magistrate" to roughly "very wealthy citizen". Which are you asking about? – C Monsour Mar 11 at 22:26
  • @C Monsour - members of the assembly; my understanding is the this institution outlasted even the empire itself. – Neil Tarrant Mar 12 at 12:39
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I think, none except the king of Judea (Herod for instance) had a privilege to participate and vote in the senate's meetings, like a senator.

So, while he was not a senator, he had similar rights (although I am not sure he ever used them).

The most high-ranking Roman of Jewish origin possibly was Tiberius Julius Alexander but he was most likely an equestrian rather than a senator (his position of pretorian prefect started to bring senatorial rank only under Alexander Severus).

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