I have a vaguely decent knowledge of Irish history, but I know relatively little of the history of England.

I've often heard Ireland spoken of as England's first colony, but surely that 'title' would have gone to Scotland and/or Wales?

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    – MCW
    Mar 15 '21 at 17:47
  • Neither Scotland nor Wales were colonized by England.
    – MCW
    Mar 15 '21 at 17:48
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    @MarkC.Wallace For Scotland that may be true, but not for Wales:1277-83 Colonisation and castle building Mar 16 '21 at 0:19
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    (+1) I find it strange that this question has be closed because it 'promote or discredit a specific idea'. Lack of research yes, but not for the given reason. Mar 16 '21 at 5:59
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    Didn't the Angles and Saxons start by colonizing England?
    – bof
    Mar 16 '21 at 8:27


According to the British Broadcasting Company Pope Adrian IV's Papal Bull in 1155 led the way to England's first colony.


The first proper colonisation took place not in the West or East Indies, nor in America, but in Ireland. Ireland was the first English colony. In 1155, Pope Adrian IV published a Papal Bull Laudabiliter giving Henry II authority over Ireland. The document's value was that it authorized invasion.


Though it took until 1177 before it could be considered a colony.

1177 John Lackland, Henry II's youngest son was given the title lord of Ireland. The burdensome history of the British and their first colony was under way.

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