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Prince Philip took the surname of Mountbatten when he became a naturalised British citizen in 1947. His name prior to that was Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Gluckburg. Did he use the full name while serving in the Navy prior to 1947? It seems a mouthful to use while on operational duties and could also presumably have caused some issues, by highlighting the German elements of his background.

Edited to clarify I am asking about naval service prior to 1947.

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    He was Lieutenant Mountbatten See caption of photo. He used that name from his Cadet days. – MCW Apr 17 at 20:55
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    Why is his Wikipedia article insufficient? – Spencer Apr 17 at 20:58
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    1) Your question specifically asks what name he used while serving in the Navy; please clarify the question. Why does a prince need a last name? Not all people/cultures use surnames. I suspect that "Of Denmark & Greece" would have sufficed. – MCW Apr 18 at 0:33
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    While attending the Elms, American school, in Paris in the 1920s he was teased by the other students for not having a second name. When required, the school referred to him as Philip of Greece. – Fred Apr 18 at 6:11
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    @Stefan Skoglund The House of Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glucksburg is a branch of the House of Oldenburg, Oldenburg is in Germany, Schleswig was in Denmark but is now divided between Denmark and Germany. Holstein is in Germany, Sonderburg is right at the Danish side of the border with Germany, and Glucksburg is right at the German side of the border with Denmark So the name is a partially German name. – MAGolding Apr 18 at 16:15
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Prior to the adoption of Mountbatten in February 1947, Prince Philip did not use a surname. In the navy during World War II, he was known as HRH Prince Philip. Thus, while serving as First Lieutenant on HMS Wallace (Oct. 1942 to Jan. 1944), he was Lt HRH Prince Philip, RN. He was also referred to as Sub-Lieutenant Prince Philip of Greece in the 12th of August, 1942 edition of the Dundee Evening Telegraph.

Nonetheless, some sources misleadingly refer to him as Philip Mountbatten while he was serving on various ships during World War II, despite the well-established fact that this name was not adopted until 2 years after the war had ended.

The non-use of a surname dated back to his childhood. At the age of six, he was sent to a "a progressive American kindergarten" in Paris called Elms, where

Asked to introduce himself in class he insisted at first that he was ‘just Philip’, before eventually awkwardly admitting that he was ‘Philip of Greece’.

Source: Philip Eade, 'Young Prince Philip: His Turbulent Early Life' (2011)

Later, at Salem’s junior school, Spetzgart,

Philip was known by his first name by the English and American boys, whereas the Germans addressed him simply as ‘Greece’.

Source: Eade

while at his next school, Gordonstoun, he

was listed simply by his Christian name on the school register

Source: Eade

In his private life, he was also known simply as 'Philip' or 'Philip of Greece' (according to the Canadian debutante Osla Benning, with whom Philip was romantically linked).

On the adoption of the name 'Mountbatten',

Philip might have been expected to take his paternal dynastic name of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. This, though, would have looked incongruous on a British passport, and by drawing attention to his German ancestry with the trials at Nuremberg only recently concluded it would have been distinctly unhelpful to his cause. Genealogists at the College of Arms had come up with the snappier alternative of Oldcastle, an anglicized version of Oldenburg, the German duchy where the royal house of Greece and Denmark had originated, but this did not find favour either; as much as anything because it was thought to sound slightly plebeian.

Eventually, the name Mountbatten was settled on, this being the anglicized version of his mother's name. Even so,

Philip, meanwhile, by his own account, ‘wasn’t madly in favour [of taking the name Mountbatten] … but in the end I was persuaded, and anyway I couldn’t think of a reasonable alternative’.

Source: Eade

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    Thank you for such a full answer. – Cat W Apr 18 at 9:08
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    What 'he used' may not be what he had for a name. Any passports for him in the early days? deWP says it was "of Greece and Denmark". What seems quite awkward is that Germans in Spetzgart were using 'Griechenland' as form of address? That seems so long and complicated for use between little boys, I have trouble just buying that. – LаngLаngС Apr 18 at 9:37
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    @LаngLаngС In my high school people often would refer to one another by the (small) town of origin, some of which weren't much shorter than Griechenland, which it's just three syllables. I don't see anything awkward about that (although in this case I assume it could have been abbreviated as Griech or Griechen). – Denis Nardin Apr 18 at 9:44
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    It is surprising that anyone could get along either at school or in the military without a surname. that perhaps is why his grandson, Prince William, was known as "Will Wales" when at Eton and at University. – WS2 Apr 18 at 12:24
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    @MAGolding There's some exaggeration. Germans use short words, colloquially, whenever possible. I'm used to using nick names of just one syllable. – Bernhard Döbler Apr 18 at 22:16

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