Reuters reports this morning that Idriss Deby, president of Chad, was killed while visiting troops engaged in armed combat. I can’t remember the last time I heard of a head of state being killed in combat; my hunch is that this has become exceedingly rare.
Prior to this event, what was the last time a head of state was killed in combat?
As the OP hasn't responded to comments, I've taken up C Monsour's suggestion and edited (plus cast the 5th reopen vote). OP, if you don't like the edit, it's your right to rollback. Other users, comments are welcome - I'm not trying to impose anything here, just trying to get an interesting question reopened.
Edit for focus / clarity (and to elicit an answer which is somewhat similar to Idriss Deby's death):
- The person must have been head of state at the time of death.
- Excludes coups as these are relatively common and comparatively unremarkable, unlike the circumstances in which Idriss Deby was killed (in past 100 years or so, I think).
- The person was killed as a result of enemy combat action in a war zone, either while commanding, fighting or observing his/her troops in action (i.e. the head of state was with his/her troops at the time). Thus, car / plane bombs and other assassinations outside of a war zone are not included. However, if the enemy learnt of the head of state's presence in the war zone and targeted him / her with snipers, artillery, aerial bombardment etc., that would count.