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This is a continuation of this question I asked earlier. According to the answers I got from the question, a better way for my character to travel is by ship, as quoted from user Mark Johnson:

Taking a ship to the nearest sea port of the final destination was probably more often (and swifter) done than long distance overland travel.

However, I just can't seem to find any source about traveling by ships at the time period of my story (1778 - 1779 America). Most results I found on the Internet are about life as a sailor, goods transportation by ships, and naval warfare. The closest to a history of travelling by ships that I could find is this website, which states that the earliest ship to carry passengers was from the early 1800s (please correct me if I interpreted what I read wrong):

The earliest ocean-going vessels were not primarily concerned with passengers, but rather with the cargo that they could carry. Black Ball Line in New York, Advertisement in 1818, was the first shipping company to offer regularly scheduled service from the United States to England and to be concerned with the comfort of their passengers.

Without doing any Internet search, I think that it was possible for someone with enough money to travel long distance by ships, but I just can't seem to find anything to support that belief.

I'm in the process of reworking my story. I have omitted the possibility of my character using a carriage to move around and opted for a ship instead. In this new scenario, my wealthy gentleman wants to get out of the town, and he decides to board a ship. However, he also has a secret relationship with a woman, and she wants to run away with him. He tells her to meet him at the sea port and he will take her together with him. So for planning out the scene, I need to answer the following questions:

  • What time did a typical 18th century ship operate? Was there any specific time in the day when ships did not accept any passengers?
  • How would my character go about boarding a ship? Does he just go around moving into a ship? Or does he have to buy a ticket beforehand before he is allowed to get on the ship?
  • Could a woman board a ship to travel around? I believe there is a stigma about women on ships at the time, but early American settlers allowed women to travel with them, so maybe there is something wrong in my assumption.
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    You misinterpret the "not primarily concerned with passengers," as 'zero passengers'? Jul 6 at 12:24
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    Prior to the railroad networks being set up, Ship/boat travel is always going to be your best bet. It was even used for a non-insignificant amount of emmigration to the west coast during the "Oregon Trail" days. This was when there was no Panama Canal, and a ship going that way had to go round the bottom of South America.
    – T.E.D.
    Jul 6 at 14:02
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    @Twinkling Star - A number of my ancestors emigrated from Europe and Britain to the English colonies in North America during the 18th century. They didn't swim for 3,000 miles. They traveled in small sailing ships which carried paying passengers as part of, or all of, their cargo. A vast number of people did the same. People also traveled by ship to other destingations. Continued.
    – MAGolding
    Jul 6 at 18:46
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    @Twinkling Star Continued In 1716 the sloop Bonita was travelling from Antigua to Jamaica when it was stopped by "Black Sam" Bellamy's pirates. One of the passengers on the Bonita, a little boy named John KIng, insisted on joining the pirate crew. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_King_(pirate) As an example of coastal travel in the USA, on 12/31 1812, the schooner Patriot sailed from Georgetown, South Carolina to New York City, with passengers including Theodosia Burr Alston, but never arrived. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodosia_Burr_Alston
    – MAGolding
    Jul 6 at 18:55
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    One of my ancestors sailed (mostly) to Oregon from the east coast. Not around the Cape, but to Panama, walked across the isthmus, then sailed to Astoria. Not uncommon to not go around the Cape.
    – Jon Custer
    Jul 6 at 23:46
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In your timeframe there should have been routes from Charleston/Savannah to Boston/New York.

The time of day would be based on the tide.

A ship would leave Charleston when the tide was receding (from high to low, towards the ocean), since the receding water would assist the ships movement (otherwise it would have to fight against the water movement). For arrival the opposite.

The exact time would be depend on the condition of the harbour.

The water level must be high enough at low tide to avoid being grounded. The 1780 map of Charleston (top is west, bottom east, right north, left south) below shows why it's harbour was on the Cooper river (right side of the map ; the ocean towards the bottom of the map).

How a ship would be boarded would also depend on the water level at the dock. If too low for the ship type you would have to row out to the ship, otherwise you could board directly at the dock.


From comments:

Based on English Literatur for sea travel in the 19th century, boarding in the early evening was commonly done since: Time and tide wait for no man. In the early 19th century, where passenger services were not common place, it was mainly a Captain's privilege to take on passengers.

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  • So if a ship set sail based on the condition of the water, according to you, in the scenario when the right condition happened to be in the middle of the night, people could still board the ship and go in the night, correct? And also did a person wanting to travel by ship have to ask anyone in advance before preparing for their journey? Jul 6 at 8:56
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    @TwinklingStar Based on English Literatur for sea travel in the 19th century, boarding in the early evening was commonly done since: Time and tide wait for no man. In the early 19th century, where passenger services were not common place, it was mainly a Captain's privilege to take on passengers. Jul 6 at 9:18

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