The Assyrian Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III (in the British Museum) could have associated the nation of Yisrael with a Menorah, but chose to distinguish Yehudim with an encircled star similar to the מָגֵן דָּוִד "Shield [of] David".
The British Museum claims the Obelisk (excavated by Sir Austen Henry Layard in Nimrud) was constructed in 825 BCE, and provides the following description :
Black limestone obelisk of Shalmaneser III; glorifies achievements of king and minister; inscription; illustrations show tribute from all directions; tribute bearers in five rows, identified by captions; each row has four panels, one on each side of the obelisk;
Images obelisk Object Type obelisk Museum number 118885 Title Object: Object: The Black Obelisk Description Black limestone obelisk of Shalmaneser III; glorifies achievements of king and minister; inscription; illustrations show tribute from all directions; tribute bearers in five rows, identified by captions; each row has four panels, one on each side of the obelisk; 1. Gilzanu (North West Iran) tribute includes horses; 2. House of Omri (Ancient Israel- tribute from Biblical King Jehu 841BC); 3. Musri, or Egypt tribute or gift of elephant, ape and other exotic animals; 4. Suhi on the Euphrates, scene of animal hunting; 5. Patina in Southern Turkey.
Additional information provided by the British Museum.
In contrast to the British Museum's dating of 825 BCE, a detailed illustration of The Assyrian Black Obelisk ""Jewish Delegation on to Shalmaneser III" as illustrated by Friedrich Delitzsch; Joseph McCormack; William Herbert Carruth; Lydia Gillingham Robinson, published 1906. (First panel:Steven G. Johnson; Second panel: Gary Todd; Third panel: Gary Todd; Fourth panel:Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg)) - dating the artifact to 840 BCE.
In the illustrated panel of the "Jewish Delegation on to Shalmaneser III", the Symbol shown above "Yaua of Bit Omri" (Jehu of the House of Omri) matches the design of a מָגֵן דָּוִד "Magen David".
Based on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III, Did Assyrians of 825 (or) 840 BCE associate the מָגֵן דָּוִד Magen David as a symbol of Yisrael?