The Kamikaze is a military tactic that appeared officially in Japan's forces in 1944. This was used first by some officers, and then became more and more widespread.
My understanding of the Japanese army behaviour is that it was a very "officer-based" army: Officers had great power on their subordinates and autonomy on their decision, and often confronted with each other. See from examples:
Another point is that, from my previous research, there was testimonies of Japanese, even Kamikaze pilots, that disagree with this tactic.
Considering these elements, I'm wondering whether frontal or passive opposition occurred from Japanese commanding officers?
- Commanding officer: An officer commanding at least a few men in a unit, who would be in charge of organizing the Kamikaze attack had it been ordered
- Frontal opposition: An officer saying to a commanding or fellow officer: "No, I won't engage myself and/or my men in the Kamikaze attack"
- Passive opposition: An officer saying "Yes" but delaying or never engaging the Kamikaze attack