That appears to be adapted from a passage in "The History of Freedom in Antiquity", which was both an essay and a lecture Lord Acton once gave.
Liberty, next to religion, has been the motive of good deeds and the common pretext of crime . . . In every age its progress has been beset by its natural enemies, by ignorance and superstition, by lust of conquest and by love of ease, by the strong man's craving for power, and the poor man's craving for food. . . . At all times sincere friends of freedom have been rare, and its triumphs have been due to minorities who have prevailed by associating themselves with auxiliaries whose objects often differed from their own.
As you can see, the wording is somewhat different, and the order of the challenges is very different, and the conclusion was completely different. Nevertheless, the parallels are very clear.
The Acton Institute has the full text of the essay for further reading.
The Chinese version appears to have originated from an essay, "History is not only about truth, but also morality and faith (历史不仅关乎真相，更关乎道德与信仰)" by someone writing under the name Lì Quán (沥泉). This appears to be promotional material by the online bookstore, Xianzhi (先知书店). Both are clearly credited in the very earliest instance I can locate, which dates to 14 February 2019 (I suspect there's an original version on Weibo, but I cannot find it): https://2newcenturynet.blogspot.com/2019/02/blog-post_62.html
Notably, this essay did not present the passage as a quote, but merely the author's own summation of Acton's beliefs:
Looking back on western tradition, we find signs of liberal society in both the history of Christianity or the time of Athens (. . . )
However, Acton bluntly points out, in every age liberty's progressive faces several threats. The common source is the evil in human nature: the strong desires concentration of power, the poor complains about wealth inequality, the ignorant and the superstitious' yearn for utopia, and the faithless confuse liberty with self-indulgence.
However, even more unfortunately, most people has not learned from history. And so, the tragedies of history repeats again and again... And China, even now, has not broken out of the historical cycle of dark and golden ages.
Although the surrounding fluff is quite different, this is the exact wording as the popularized fake quote.