The section of NPR's The Flying Tigers: How a group of Americans ended up fighting for China in WW II includes the following:
Burma was central to keeping China supplied
The AVG's base was in Kunming in southwestern China, far from areas under Japanese occupation.
There was a hitch to being there, however — no runways to land planes.
So thousands of Chinese built them by hand. "The Chinese people — the peasants, the working class people in particular, also — volunteered to help to build those runways and airports and also provide services to the American pilots," Tam tells NPR. "They didn't have any tools, modern tools. They used their bare hands, actually, to build those runways."
Meanwhile, the Americans did some training at a British airfield in Burma, the country now called Myanmar.
Their early training was not particularly successful. The pilots had far less experience than Chennault had wanted. Three pilots died and planes and equipment were damaged in various accidents.
The article contains more discussion as well.
There must have been a process by which the locations for these runways were selected for both logistical reasons and for suitability as a location for a runway (flatness, possibility of being made smooth, local weather and winds, etc.) and for the design and layout of the runway itself, including its direction with respect to prevailing winds and the safety and suitability of the directions of approach.
Question: What engineers chose the locations and oversaw runway construction for the airfields that the Flying Tigers used?
They could have been potentially Chinese, Burmese, American or British or some combination thereof, but presumably the engineering effort was overseen by some well-defined subset.