Scotland was the enemy of England, as they had regained their independence. It made sense for them to join hands with the French forces. And I heard something like that in an Extra Credits video. But can you elaborate how exactly they helped ??
It all dates back to a treaty signed between Scotland and France in 1295, named the Auld Alliance, when both nations agreed to help eachother should either country be attacked by England.
However, the alliance was never officially cemented until John Balliol and Philip IV of France signed a treaty in 1295.
The pact bound the Auld Alliance to help each other should either country be attacked by England.
Scots in the French army
The Kingdom of Scotland kept their end of the bargain and their forces served in the French military during the Wars of the Roses.
Scottish forces served in the French military throughout most of the Hundred Years’ War, earning a reputation as capable fighters in the process.
Battle of Bauge
I already asked a question myself regarding this subject, which can be found here and I received a rather brilliant answer informing me that the Scots at the Battle of Bauge outnumbered the French by approximately four or five to one, which should give one an idea of just how much the Scots contributed towards French victory.
Other battles during the Wars of the Roses which involved the Kingdom of Scotland to one degree or other, include:
- Battle of Cravant - English victory
- Battle of Verneuil - English victory
- Siege of Orleans - Franco-Scots victory
- Battle of Herrings - English victory
- Battle of Wakefield - Welsh victory, supported by Franco-Scots
- Battle of Bosworth Field - Welsh victory, supported by Franco-Scots
The above information is taken from this wikipedia article, named, "List of battles involving the Kingdom of Scotland".
What was the role of Scotland during the Hundred years war?
Scotland were French military allies due to their treaty of alliance and they fought for France against England alongside French troops during the Wars of the Roses as part of their agreement.