The Phoebus cartel was a well known scheme to fix the standard lifespan of incandescent lightbulbs that arose at the beginning of the 20th century. See Spectrum.ieee.org.
Although not implemented for entirely nefarious purposes, there certainly was a motivating aspect that would likely have been resisted by the Soviet Union and China given their political positions.
Was there ever an on the record policy or standard that gave rise to a different type of, presumably longer lasting, light bulb?
And if so, has anyone ever investigated and compared these light bulbs?