I recently realized that Dariusz is a) a reasonably popular given name in Poland, and b) sounds a lot like the modern Iranian name Daryush, which is derived from the name of Darius, one of the most famous kings of the (Persian) Akhaemenid Empire and responsible, among other things, for the battle of Marathon.
As far as I can tell, this name is not particularly popular among non-Poles in surrounding countries. However, the wp page about Darius as a given name has a number of entries from Lithuania*, and several from Hungary and Romania.
What is the reason for this popularity? A internet search turned up references to the Anders army, which might be summed up as a plan to evacuate interned Polish soldiers from the Soviet Union to the West during WWII, and which resulted in about 100,000 Polish citizens (both soldiers and civilians) passing through Iran.
However, what I found on the internet did not seem very reliable. Moreover, from what I understand, most of Anders' Army ended up in Western Europe (i.e. not in Poland) after the war. And Poland has a certain tradition of great historic novels and movies, so I imagine it might also be derived from one of these (I am not aware of any such works about Darius, though)
*the popularity of the name Darius in Lithuania is possibly related to Steponas Darius, a Lithuanian pilot who crashed and died in (what is now) Poland during a record-breaking Transatlantic flight attempt in 1933.