Zionism - that is Jewish Nationalism - arose in the modern era in tandem with other European Nationalisms.
Were there any earlier precursors of this movement? I am talking between the period where the Jewish people were dispersed after the destruction of the second temple by the Romans as punishment for a failed Jewish rebellion around 70 BCE and the beginning of the 20C.
I am not talking about such things as aliyah which I ha e heard of, and are religiously motivated customs. In this case, immigration to the historical land of Israel. I am looking for politically movements.