On the small Italian island of Capri (located about 25 miles south of Naples), there is a 2700-plus year old stone stairway which was literally carved into a small mountain. These "921 steps" begin at the Marina and finish at the top of Anacapri (the island's main town). However, these are not ordinary "steps"; that is to say, when climbing to the top of the "Scala Fenicia", one is greeted with a commanding panorama of the Mediterranean sea, as well as seeing the Italian mainland in the distance. However, the aesthetics of this particular stone stairway were likely a clever front which served as a strategic lookout point for incoming pirates and invading navies dating back to Ancient times.
What's interesting though is the origin of the Stairway's name...."Scala Fenicia" (or "Phoenician Steps"). It is an interesting (and perhaps misleading) name, since the Phoenicians (or their North African descendants, the Carthaginians) never settled on the island of Capri during Antiquity.
The Greeks, however, did settle on the island of Capri 2800 years ago and even founded the island's most famous town, Anacapri. The Greeks lived on the "Magna Grecia" island for nearly 800 years until the arrival of Augustus Caesar (around the 30's or 20's BC/BCE). With the arrival of Augustus, Capri was essentially dehellenized and subsequently (as well as universally) Latinized.
Having said this, where exactly do the Phoenicians come in? If Capri's early history dates back to Greek and Roman times, with no historical or archeological evidence that proves any Phoenician settlement on the island, then why were these famed stone steps (which were actually built by the Greeks 2700 plus years ago), called the "Phoenician Steps"? Did Augustus Caesar, out of revenge or spite against the Greeks, deliberately attempt to take away the Stone Stairway's Hellenic origin by arbitrarily assigning it a new name; more specifically, the name of a civilization and peoples who had no historical connection to the island-(such as the Phoenicians)?
In other words, why were these steps referred to as "Phoenician Steps", instead of being referred to as "Greek Steps"?