Is there any evidence of a pagan temple having preceded Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem on that same site? I have seen this argument made, but I wanted to know more about the reasons behind this assertion. For example, in this article: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/tav.2000.2000.1.75?journalCode=ytav20 pg. 78 refers to a pre-Solomonic pre-Davidic temple on the very site in question (Mount Moriah).
No real evidence, but the area was populated by Pagans prior to 957 BC when David's son Solomon built the first temple.
According to the Smithsonian Magazine in What Is Beneath the Temple Mount?; Archeologists have not had much opportunity to excavate what's under that site. This is attributed to it being actively used for worship. The closest they've gotten was a controversial impromptu study of a few trucks worth of excavated soil done during some construction on the site.
This study did turn up some scarabs similar to or being Egyptian, from the second millennium B.C, predating the temple.
Prior to Jerusalem the site is believed to be the home of a Canaanite tribe named Jebus, which in the old testament David led an army against before his son Solomon would eventually build the first Temple, so it's possible, but no archeological study, and no evidence.