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I was looking at this article about Battle of Karbala:

The Battle of Karbala (Arabic: مَعْرَكَة كَرْبَلَاء) was fought on 10 October 680 (10 Muharram in the year 61 AH of the Islamic calendar) between the army of the second Umayyad caliph Yazid I (r. 680–683) and a small army led by Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, at Karbala, Sawad (modern-day southern Iraq).

On the other hand in an Iranian website I converted the Islamic date to Gregorian date and the result was 13 October 680:

Karbala

Which date is precise?

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You do realize, I hope, that Gregorian dates don't exist before 1582. The date difference with the Julian calendar was 11 days in the 1700's; and 11 centuries earlier, skipping the years divisible by 400 (namely 1600, 1200, and 800), the date difference was 11 - (11-3) = 3 days as you have noted.

Also this comment, which I made earlier below:

Both dates are true. The calendars (Julian and Gregorian) count days differently, which is why the dates are in variance. If you think that is confusing: imagine how life was in English speaking countries between 1582, when the Catholic countries largely adopted the Gregorian calendar, and 4 Sept 1752 when the English speaking countries did. Every letter had to be written with both dates, styled new and old, in order to be unambiguous.

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  • So October 13 is true?
    – user40948
    Aug 6, 2023 at 3:40
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    Both are true. The calendars count days differently, which is why the dates are in variance. If you think that is confusing: imagine how life was in English speaking countries between 1582, when the Catholic countries largely adopted the Gregorian calendar, and 4 Sept 1752 when the English speaking countries did. Every letter had to be written with both dates, styled new and old, in order to be unambiguous. Aug 6, 2023 at 3:47

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