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Questions tagged [16th-century]

The 16th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1501 to December 31, 1600 in the Gregorian calendar.

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Which estates/factions supported the war in Livonia under Ivan IV

The question of war with Livonia was divisive for the social estates in Russia. I am interested in which factions/estates supported or opposed the war. I know Aleksey Adashev, who was a, okolnichy, a ...
16π Cent's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
702 views

What are the parameters of these 16th-17th century artillery weapons?

I'm trying to find out information on various 16th and 17th century English artillery, specifically numbers like barrel length, caliber, piece weight, shot weight, etc. Anything really. I do know ...
Jessie Kirk's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
145 views

In 16th-century commercial deep sea fishing, what depth did European (and colonial) fisherfolk fish to, and what vessels and techniques were used?

I have found reference to the earliest commercial deep-sea fishing being done in the North Sea (Dogger Bank), and Newfoundland (Grand Banks). According to Wikipedia:HerringBuss, the herring buss type ...
Jessie Kirk's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
123 views

What was the first city directory?

A great genealogical and social historical source are city directories. These are books that typically list the heads of households and businesses within a city. Information contained can include ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

Who was Christophorus Uveida?

In Tycho Brahe’s book De mundi aetherei recentioribus phaenomenis, we can read that it was typeset by a certain Christophorus Uveida (see image). I have tried a Google search about this person, but ...
Pierre Paquette's user avatar
-4 votes
3 answers
220 views

Why did/do they torture people to get fake "confessions"?

I've always wondered about why they would torture somebody to get a fake "confession", just so they can then execute the same person. Why not just execute them from the beginning? Why go ...
Kayode's user avatar
  • 9
0 votes
1 answer
224 views

How did the plague doctors get rid of the infections on their gear?

Back in the day with "plague doctors", they had this scary-looking but apparently effective protection gear with the beak and gloves and hat and cape and whatnot. Apparently, it was enough ...
Selvin's user avatar
  • 1
16 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did Martin Luther ever say "The prosperity of a country depends ... "?

Did Martin Luther ever say these quotes? If he did, then since he didn't speak English, what were his original words. Is this translation correct (close enough)? The prosperity of a country depends, ...
Qiulang 邱朗's user avatar
27 votes
1 answer
11k views

Why was uranium mined in the 1500s, but only "discovered" in 1789?

This Guardian article talks about how uranium was mined at the beginning of the 1500s. The Guardian is a pretty reputable newspaper as far as I’m aware, so I am willing to believe them. Out of ...
Puffafish's user avatar
  • 373
49 votes
1 answer
8k views

What mysterious Flemish peasant activity is depicted in this painting?

There is lots to see in Bruegel's famous painting representing life in June/July ('Haymaking'). (cf, https://insidebruegel.net for a great online collection of his work). There is this activity he ...
Konchog's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Where is Robert Recorde's grave?

Where is buried Robert Recorde? He was a mathematician, he lived in today's England. He died in 1558 in London. I tried a search on the findagrave website, but there is no entry for his name. I have ...
Jane B.'s user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
106 views

Who was the architect of Uraniborg and Stjerneborg?

Who was the architect of Uraniborg and Stjerneborg? Those were two observatories used by Tycho Brahe on the island Hven in the 16th century. Thank you.
Jane B.'s user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
1 answer
227 views

How did Brahe get to Prague?

What means of transport did Tycho Brahe and his family use to get from Denmark to Prague in 1597–1598? EDIT: According to Wikipedia, there were two stops: Brahe spent some time in Wandesburg and ...
Jane B.'s user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is the story of Peter Niers brutal execution authentic?

Okay, so I asked a similar question to this on the Medical Stack Exchange. It's not doing too well (2 downvotes), and I can kind of get it. Medical professionals want nothing to do with the harm of ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
297 views

Were people of different body types (height/weight/shape) able to have field armour adjusted to them?

Take this field armour of King Henry the VIIIth or armour from this time period (~1500s). How much give or excess room would there be for a person who was taller/shorter or fatter/slimmer that wore ...
AncientSwordRage's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

In the coat of arms of Georg von Frundsberg, where does the ostrich come from?

Georg von Frundsberg (24 September 1473 – 20 August 1528) and all his successors had a dual coat of arms - one part with a black mountain, the other with a white or silver ostrich. Some heraldry ...
Yann_Ba's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did Johann Tetzel really claim to be able to give indulgences even for the sin of violating the Mother of God?

Johann Tetzel was a Saxon Dominican friar and preacher who (in)famously granted indulgences on behalf of the Catholic Church in exchange for money, which were claimed to allow a remission of temporal ...
José Carlos Santos's user avatar
17 votes
5 answers
6k views

Why does the amount of days in an year on average of the Gregorian calendar only have 4 decimal places (365.2425)?

Alfonsine tables available at the time of the Gregorian reform provided enough information (however inaccurate) for the calendar to have been designed such that it expressed more precision regarding ...
nicoty's user avatar
  • 301
33 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why did life expectancy decline sharply in 16th century England?

I was checking historical life expectancy and found the chart shown below in Roser, Ortiz-Ospina, Ritchie, 2013. What was the reason for such a dramatic decline in life expectancy in England in the ...
ruslaniv's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
431 views

Were beaches red with lobsters upon arrival of Columbus?

I remember reading somewhere that upon arrival in Hispaniola, Columbus found beaches that were so plentiful with lobsters that they appeared red. It is possible I read this in a book by Bill Bryson, ...
Manfredo's user avatar
  • 115
4 votes
0 answers
271 views

What happened where in 1541? (Portuguese in the Horn of Africa)

Was trying to check the following description from the introduction to a board game: In 1541, Portuguese soldiers [...] slipped into the port of Massawa [and] join[ed] the Christian forces. At the ...
Tomas By's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
103 views

What does "Quivira" refer to? [closed]

I've found this term "Quivira", both here and in an old journal by some explorer published in the 1500s. What I'm confused about if is "Quivira" is a term that was applied to the ...
Village's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
168 views

What was Shakespeare's motive to make Richard III seem like a villain? [closed]

Richard III was made to look like a villain by Shakespeare, mainly by increasing the hump on his right shoulder and other nasty characteristics. However, what was his motive for this? Was it just ...
James Ashwood's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
279 views

Who or what were the Nassadista?

I have encountered several references to Nassadista in a 16th century Latin manuscript. As far as I can tell the noun is masculine, first declension (nominative plural Nassadistæ). Context implies ...
nassadistanus's user avatar
25 votes
2 answers
3k views

Who are these red flag worshipers from these early maps?

While doing some research into maps over the last month or so, I came across an interesting item which I found recurring on two different sources. I first encountered this scene on a copy of the ...
justCal's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
332 views

How was the 4th Duke of Norfolk executed? [closed]

I am in the process of writing an historic novel and would like to know as much detail about the 4th Duke of Norfolk's execution as possible. In particular who was the executioner, how much did the ...
John Wheeldon's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
861 views

Why are there shields present on the sides of Henry VIII ships, did they serve any function or was it pure decoration?

reading about the Field of the cloth of gold, I came across some paintings commissioned by Henry VIII himself. This painting of Henry VIII embarking at Dover to meet with Francis I caught my eye as ...
Tom Sol's user avatar
  • 2,247
5 votes
1 answer
313 views

Is there a historical example or a manuscript about troop formation or fighting stance on a boat?

Is there a historical example or a manuscript about troop formation or fighting stance on any sort of boat or ship? Especially during colonialism or the golden age of piracy, no specific location so ...
Li Jun's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
362 views

Why were Elizabethan English concerned about vagabonds?

I have an assessment soon, and part of my revision is on poverty in Elizabethan England. This includes Explaining why Elizabethans were worried about Vagabonds. I am unsure on this topic, but I have ...
Richard herman's user avatar
13 votes
3 answers
1k views

How did Jean Parisot de Valette, 49th Grand Master of the Order of Malta, die?

I've just finished reading Sword and Scimitar by Simon Scarrow and wanted to know more about the non-fictional characters in the Siege of Malta. Jean Parisot de La Valette was the Grand Master and he ...
Stew's user avatar
  • 491
0 votes
0 answers
306 views

When were differing hemispheric seasons first understood?

When did people - scientists or philosophers - first realise/discover/understand that the seasons in the southern hemisphere were the opposite to those in the northern hemisphere? Additionally, when ...
Phillip Derone's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
903 views

How much leisure time was enjoyed by English peasants in the 16th century?

It seems like technological advances like seed drills, the cotton gin, reapers (grain harvesters), John Deere tractors, nitrogen fixation, steam engines, the internal combustion engine, cars, aircraft,...
Curious Layman's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
578 views

What is the origin of the name Fallopian tubes?

I read that the Fallopian tubes were described by the Italian anatomist Gabrielle Fallopio, somewhere in the 16th century. The Wikipedia describes that the structure reminded the musical instrument, ...
Heleno Paiva's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
103 views

Did Spanish priests fight in South America?

I have been reading up (vi Wikipedia) on El Dorado and the Spanish and English expeditions through South America. It seems pretty clear that there were Priests and Scholars who would accompany ...
ShadowTiger's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
822 views

Do we have any authentic Native American flute music from the 18th century or earlier?

Just wondering if any actual music from Native Americans was recorded (written record, transcribed to some kind of sheet music) by Europeans, in the 18th century or earlier. I'm especially interested ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 17.3k
3 votes
2 answers
409 views

Did German Princes during the Protestant Reformation often live in castles?

I'm writing a short story based on Snow White. My research tells me the story took place during the late 16th century. The timeline of my story coincides with the Protestant Reformation. I am ...
Nolan's user avatar
  • 31
33 votes
2 answers
8k views

Why would graphite have been confused with lead?

I was reading the wikipedia page for pencil, and came across an interesting fact: Prior to 1565 (some sources say as early as 1500), a large deposit of graphite was discovered on the approach to ...
spacetyper's user avatar
  • 1,289
1 vote
2 answers
368 views

Inter-ethnic conflicts in Switzerland in the 16th century

I have come across this description in Paddy Ashdown's (excellent) autobiography A Fortunate Life: I have often been struck by the similarities between those countries whose fortune (or ...
Drux's user avatar
  • 14.4k
5 votes
0 answers
174 views

What is this griffin-like creature labelling a lunar mansion in the Zubdat al-Tawarikh?

While looking for astronomy-related things I found out about this Turkish history manuscript from 1583 called the Zubdat al-Tawarikh or "History of the World". One of the first things in it is an ...
Takumi's user avatar
  • 51
-1 votes
1 answer
531 views

What was the heaviest example of horse armor (barding) from 16th and 17th centuries?

I would like to ask what the heaviest known example of armor for war horses is. Specifically, I'm asking about horse-armor in the 16th and 17th centuries (European, primarily, but I will accept other ...
Johnny's user avatar
  • 583
3 votes
0 answers
86 views

Is More's 'Utopia' intended to depict an ideal city?

On the surface 'Utopia' (1516) describes an ideal community : natural law, religion, and reason are its guiding principles. But I come across frequent references to its satirical nature. Does it ...
Geoffrey Thomas's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
397 views

Was Transylvania autonomous within Hungary before 1526?

Transylvania is presented in Romanian historiography in parallel with the other two "Principalities" with which it ended up united in the 20th century - Wallachia and Moldavia. These two had been ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
876 views

Why was the War of the League of Cambrai such a hot mess?

The War of the League of Cambrai was fought from 1508-1516 by...basically everyone who had any interest in Italy at the time (which was most of Europe). It was a mess: It's been described by one ...
A_S00's user avatar
  • 181
4 votes
2 answers
6k views

Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart ever called “Wolfi” or “Wolfie” by his wife?

In the 1984 film Amadeus based on Wolfgang Mozart's life, Wolfgang is commonly referred to as "Wolfi", especially by his wife (as spelled in the scripts I could find online). Amadeus also takes ...
Reversinator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
520 views

How did the Poland-Lithuanian Commonwealth become official?

I believe that they were good allies but were they also at some point became one nation. But it seemed like an unusually long "courtship" that lasted decades, or even centuries. That's why am kinda ...
Gavineo's user avatar
  • 33
1 vote
1 answer
148 views

Did Taíno natives ever work Spanish galleons?

Did Taíno natives work as slaves or sailors on 16th-century Spanish ships in early to mid-sixteenth century?
kwieder's user avatar
  • 19
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

What was a "Qua" in a "Subsidy of Armour" in 1590?

The Archbishop of Canterbury decreed in 1590 that clergy should provide men and armour for the defence of the realm against the King of Spain. Clergy in the diocese of Lincoln had a "Subsidy of Armour"...
emrys57's user avatar
  • 1,071
13 votes
1 answer
695 views

How much authority did a traveling lord have in England in the late 16th century?

How much authority did a Lord, traveling, like from a hunting trip (as in the beginning of The Taming of the Shrew), have over the surrounding peasants while outside his domains in Elizabethan England?...
Mithical's user avatar
  • 599
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

How was silver/gold mining done in colonial Americas?

I've heard a lot about the vast amounts of silver and gold that Spain brought back from the Americas. I imagine that they looted the Aztecs and other peoples at first, but silver/gold exports ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 17.3k
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Were people happy under Ivan the terrible?

I do know that the Russian nobility faced great terror under Ivan IV. The movie by Sergei Eisenstein, "Ivan the terrible" shows him as a benevolent ruler as far as people are concerned. I wish to know ...
Vishwanath's user avatar