Questions tagged [19th-century]

The 19th century began on January 1, 1801, and ended on December 31, 1900.

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3
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1answer
520 views

19th century cabins: why were beds off the ground? Or weren't they?

I know films and historical accuracy are, unfortunately, enemies, but a couple of years ago I saw a film that included a family living in close quarters in a cabin and they all slept on cots on the ...
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2answers
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Why was Italy unified under the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia and not under a stronger state?

On paper the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies appears much stronger with about twice the land and population. So how come it was Victor Emmanuel II who became King of Italy and not Francis II Bourbon? Was ...
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1answer
164 views

Recommended electronic versions of old public domain US history textbooks?

I realize it's common practice for historians use primary sources, but what I want is some old US history schoolbooks pre-copyright, say 1700-1900. Something high-school level or higher (i.e. not for ...
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1answer
404 views

Did Japan ever retaliate for the Russian attacks of 1806?

In 1806 two Russian naval vessels burned several settlements and kidnapped several citizens in far northern Japan ("Russians in Alaska" by Lydia Black). Did Japan take any military action in response ...
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1answer
381 views

How cheap were sailing ships in Gold Rush California?

Many ships were abandoned in San Francisco during the California Gold Rush as their crews and passengers headed straight for the gold areas. Some became semi-permanent buildings and some became ...
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2answers
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When were marching bands last used in warfare?

In the era of muskets and closed troop formations, musicians marched together with the solders and played marching music even during the battle. When was the last time such practices were used in ...
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1answer
989 views

The speed of sea travel in the beginning of 19th century

Can we somehow estimate the average speed of a ground+sea travel between Frankfurt and London in the beginning of 19th century? I was more than surprised (if not shocked) to find in the beginning of ...
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1answer
160 views

British Warships and Their Crew In Hawaii in the Mid-1800s

I am researching British warships which arrived in the Hawaiian Islands, particularly Hawaii Island a.k.a. The Big Island, in or about 1839. I am unable to find comprehensive lists of ships and crew. ...
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1answer
398 views

Were there any pro-Native American groups during the Indian Wars?

I've recently been reading about the Indians Wars in the mid-1800s, especially as they focused towards the Great Plains. I know that a lot of people supported the army and their westward ventures, but ...
6
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1answer
261 views

Financing of the Continental Army vs. Legion of the United States/United States Army

As the concept of having a standing army gained acceptance, the Legion of the United States was raised which later became the United States Army. How was funding for this new army accomplished ? How ...
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1answer
263 views

Which trade ship did not return to California from China?

The Baltic German captain Otto von Kotzebue wrote (from "California Through Russian Eyes", Gibson, ed.): An attempt was even made to launch, at the Californios' own risk, trade with China, but it ...
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2answers
569 views

Racism, or Nationalism, represented in 19th century English Wills?

Lucy Monoux, 1777-1843, was the daughter of a baronet, and rich, owning at least one farm and a large house with its own land. She wrote a will in 1841 leaving ownership of most of her estate to ...
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Was there any restriction on private citizens owning cannons and other large weaponry in 17th, 18th and 19th century Europe? [closed]

Were there laws limiting what kind of guns a private citizen in Europe could own? Could John Doe go to a shop and commission a cannon to be made for his own personal use?
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2answers
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Did California mission priests administer, not merely call for, corporal punishment?

California missions were staffed by a Franciscan priest or two, and a half a dozen soldiers. The former addressed spiritual and administrative concerns and the latter established physical security for ...
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1answer
432 views

What kept 19th century Europe's workers going?

If the salary of an industrial worker was so low that they barely survived and couldn't even dream of ascending to upper classes¹, what kept them from revolting all the time? One could argue that ...
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4answers
789 views

What was the relative social status of a “grazier” in Victorian England?

I'm looking at census returns for the village of Eversholt, Bedfordshire, in the Victorian period. Farming was the biggest employer. This is post-enclosure, 1851 to 1901. Enclosure happened in 1806. ...
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2answers
554 views

Prisons in 1800s in Russian Far East

In 1803 Kirill Khlebnikov, an agent of the Russian American Company, was imprisoned for three months in Petropavlosk, Kamchatka by Major General Koshelev, administrator of the district. The reason was ...
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1answer
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Why was the year 1816 so incredibly cold? [closed]

In 1816, temperatures dipped so low that in North America snow fell in the middle of August and in Europe waterways remained frozen until midsummer. What was the reason for this incredible dip in ...
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1answer
252 views

“Hat Hair” in History

My understanding is that wearing hats of various kinds was much more widespread historically (e.g. in the late 1800's and early 1900's) than it is today, with sometimes complicated etiquette with ...
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1answer
71 views

What was the first school in Santa Cruz, California? [closed]

Schools were established in and around Santa Cruz, California, as it became more populous in the mid-1800s. Which school, public or private, in or near the city, was first?
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2answers
999 views

Codification of Sharia by the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century

The wikipedia entry about Rashidun Caliphate says: According to Noah Feldman, a law professor at Harvard University, the legal scholars and jurists who once upheld the rule of law were replaced by ...
5
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1answer
118 views

What did the administrators of secularized California missions do?

The Alta California missions built in the Spanish period were initially run by Franciscans, then secularized in the 1830s, becoming regular parish churches. Some lay people officially served to "...
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4answers
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Why are the ceilings so high in older houses?

The majority of multi-storey houses built before World War II have ceilings higher than nowadays. Today, the standard is about 2.4m, but in the 19th century or the first half of the 20th century it ...
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2answers
286 views

Plot to create a Northern Confederation of States in America about 1804

I read in "Asimov's book of facts" that there was a (failed) plot to create such Confederation, that should include New York city, but I couldn't find any other reference. Asimov's book doesn't give ...
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229 views

Index of importance / economic value various minerals during the Industrial Revolution

I am looking for an indication, possibly an Index, as to the value or importance of common minerals for the Industrial Revolution. So, for example how important was Manganese (or Lead, or Zinc..) ...
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1answer
146 views

1900s Vacation between Germany and America

I'm trying to write a novel about a German who vacations to the US with his family around 1905, but was that even possible at that time? I believe the US had good relations with Germany at the time, ...
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1answer
904 views

How many traps did mountain men typically use?

The term "mountain men" refers to men(and a very few really tough women) who roamed the Rocky Mountains in the US and Canada in search of beaver. Mountain men were active from approx. 1810 to 1870 ...
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2answers
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Has a book ever secretly been written with gold ink?

I heard a story that goes as follows: A prospector struck gold and didn't want to share. So this man was trying to hide his gold from all of his other partners. The story says that he melted the gold ...
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0answers
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Antebellum White Collar Workplace Architecture and Design

Does anyone know what offices would have looked like in the U.S. roughly between 1830-1860? In particular, did clerks and others work in a more open plan environment, or did people tend to have their ...
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2answers
628 views

Why the Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55) was “the last of the old sieges”?

During the Crimean War (1853–56), Charles George Gordon took part in the Siege of Sevastopol (1854–55), calling it "the last of the old sieges". What made Sevastopol so "old fashioned" for a comment ...
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1answer
232 views

What exactly did the 1868 Szepes Petition do?

In 1868, Slovaks living in the Szepes region were demanding some sort of special status. They sent a petition to their rulers in the Diet of Hungary which is now known as the Szepes Petition. This ...
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2answers
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Why did nationalism in all of Europe surge in the 19th century?

Nationalism in all parts of Europe surged in the 19th century, the centuries old multinational states of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary broke apart and by the end of the century this jingoism ...
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1answer
777 views

Identifying a military uniform from the early 19th century

I would like to identify this military uniform from someone related to my family in Portugal. It is probably from the early 19th century, and it may be from the Portuguese, British or Napoleonic Army ...
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1answer
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Why did Bavaria join Prussia/Germany instead of Austria?

I am curious about why kingdom of Bavaria was assimilated by Prussia instead of Austria-Hungary If I consider following facts in 1854 Bavaria is Catholic country (same as majority of Austria-Hungary)...
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3answers
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How have European microstates survived?

How did European tiny states, like San Marino, Monaco, Andorra and Liechtenstein (excluding the Vatican, whose survival is clearly connected to religious reasons) manage to not be absorbed by bigger ...
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0answers
99 views

What food might they have at the Cold Harbor, Virginia, in 1860?

Cold Harbor Virginia was named for an inn, the Cold Harbor. You could stay there but you could not get hot food. It seems that already in 17th century Virgina a "cold harbor" was such an inn 1. It ...
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0answers
175 views

Did Queen Victoria become more flexible during later years? [closed]

I came across a English exam practice question that basically says Queen Victoria was initially very stubborn but became more flexible during her later years (on formal matters such as the state, ...
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9answers
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Why are so many metros underground? Isn't that more expensive than an elevated system?

Starting with the London Underground in 1863, why are so many metros/subways built underground (as opposed to en elevated metro)? This requires a lot of digging and excavation, which to me seems a lot ...
4
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2answers
335 views

The Penny Wedding - what are the items in the bottom right corner and why are they there?

The Penny Wedding by Sir David Wilkie In the bottom right corner of a painting there is a set of items - a basin, a plate... - I wonder what are these items for (the basin especially) and why are ...
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1answer
1k views

Why didn't the Franklin expedition seek assistance from the Inuit?

The Franklin expedition has been in the news again recently, as the wreck of the HMS Terror was recently located by the Arctic Research Foundation. This follows the discovery of the wreck of the HMS ...
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Early 20th Century Vienna - memoirs of Travelers

I am searching for memoirs of travelers who went to Vienna in 1900-1913. What they saw and did, where they ate etc and am having a hard time finding anything.
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Why would some nations want to force Japan to end their isolation?

The Perry expedition succeeded in opening Japan to trade with the USA. From Wikipedia we learn that around the same time the Russians also attempted the same thing (the Dutch already had some weak ...
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2answers
536 views

How did lecturers magnify their voice in the days before amplification?

I am going to be portraying Mark Twain on the lecture circuit circa 1896. I want to make the performance as realistic as possible, so that the sufferers (audience) can adopt a "willing suspension of ...
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2answers
159 views

Was Karst (Kras) first region that was man-made reforested?

We know that for centuries trees from Karst were used as a foundations where Venice was build. So presumably, in 17th and 18th century, Karst was a stony desert. We also know that Karst or Kras (...
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3answers
267 views

Earning a living from teaching chess in 18-19th century England

Would it be possible for a common class person to teach chess or sciences to nobles during the Industrial Revolution? I think higher classes would be disgusted by the idea of a commoner teaching them, ...
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2answers
600 views

Why didn't America “rent” parts of China? [closed]

After the Opium War, Britain and France signed treaties with China that said they could establish "spheres of influence" over parts of China. Britain and France went this way, but why didn't America?
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1answer
507 views

Why did the Swabian Hohenzollern princes give away their power to the Prussian king in 1850?

The small independent country of Hohenzollern in southwestern Germany was run by two princes until 1850, when it was given away to the king of Prussia, who was a distant cousin to the princes (also ...
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3answers
362 views

In XIXth century lower classes families, was it common for kids to witness their parent's intercourse?

It was common for lower classes families in the XIX century to have families of 6-10 children living in an extremely small flat, having only one bedroom for the whole family, and usually only one bed ...
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1answer
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Abraham Lincoln Quote Background

I recently ran across a quote attributed to Abraham Lincoln, "All that I am, or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother" I was wondering what the context of this quote is. Specifically was he speaking ...
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In Canada, is it true that when Mormons first arrived (1887) they weren't allowed to settle within 50km of Lethbridge?

In 1886, a Mormon named Charles Card was directed by the then President on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, to go north and find a suitable settlement site in Canada. In ...

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