Questions tagged [20th-century]

For questions spanning a significant proportion of the 20th century. Questions focused on the latter decades should consider using the contemporary-history tag. Individual tags exist for specific decades.

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6
votes
1answer
201 views

Can you identify this ship of 1922?

I would like to identify the ship name and origin (from this link) Addtional info with picture - Caption: Children evacuated from the interior by boat arriving in Beirut Year Created: 1922 Source: ...
3
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1answer
605 views

Were Rosa Parks and Freedom Riders the first ones to use a bus to protest/change?

Buses have been around since the turn of the century. Specifically motor mass-produced buses since 1910 according to wikipedia. Now Rosa Parks did her famous civil action bit in 1955 of refusal to ...
10
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1answer
2k views

World War 1: Why did Italy not fight until 1915?

Today I learnt history about World War 1 and I have a question that has been bothering me. According to what I have studied, the Triple Alliance (1882-1915) was an alliance between Germany, Austria-...
4
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1answer
368 views

Meaning of Margaret Sanger's 15-20 million soldiers

Margaret Sanger gave a speech titled My Way to Peace 17 January 1932 to the New History Society, in New York. I don't know how much to include in my question, but an excerpt is: c) keep the ...
12
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4answers
22k views

Why are the ceilings so high in older houses?

The majority of multi-storey houses built before World War II have ceilings higher than nowadays. Today, the standard is about 2.4m, but in the 19th century or the first half of the 20th century it ...
14
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1answer
743 views

Why did Guinea vote so differently in the 1958 French constitutional referendum?

In the 1958 French constitutional referendum, 79.3% of Metropolitan France and 82.3% of the territories voted in favor of the constitution. Out of the latter, votes in favor ranged from 64.40% in ...
3
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2answers
886 views

Why didn't Mao see that the “Great Leap Forward” would be such a disaster?

I've been reading about Mao Zedong and I heard about his Great Leap Forward. I read that it ended up splitting families apart and causing a massive economic crash. Why didn't Mao Zedong see this would ...
9
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1answer
484 views

Was there a president that wanted to “Make America Farm Again”?

There seems to be a lot of push back as the US employment markets move toward knowledge work and away from more traditional industrial roles. I'm sure there was a similar time in history when moving ...
5
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2answers
296 views

Was there a historical figure named Fecund?

This is going to sound odd, but a Terry Pratchett book lead me to look up the meaning of the word "fecund", and the result included a google ngrams graph of its use in written works. As you can see, ...
32
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3answers
9k views

Did people in China resort to cannibalism during the reign of Mao?

I have often heard and read this, but I wonder if credible sources can support these claims. I even heard stories of merchants selling human flesh and children under 12 sold to be eaten. I read about ...
7
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2answers
779 views

Why was the Me262 not suited for a bomber role?

A documentary at Radio-Canada named "mégastructures nazies" mentioned the Me262 as not being suited for a bomber role. Also, Albert Speer was against the decision to convert the Me262 to this role, as ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Is there a special name for the beginning of the 20th century?

The beginning of the 20th century is marked by the rise of several more or less "revolutionary" new cultural, scientifical ideas. E.g. expressionism in painting and dancing, scientific revolution (...
7
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2answers
553 views

What demographic of people were the Ford Motor's Company biggest customers during the car boom of the early twentieth Century?

Who were the primary customers buying up the automobiles steadily decreasing in cost during the 20th century? Was it rural people replacing horses with vehicles? Would it have been inner city people ...
7
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4answers
4k views

Was the Waffen-SS an elite force? [duplicate]

I often hear that the SS were "the elite troops of the Reich" and I seriously doubt it without being able to explain why it wasn't despite having read two entire books on the Waffen-SS. I think it's ...
5
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1answer
317 views

How many tons of steel were produced in Russia during the Russian Civil War?

I have a specific question that I'm highly interested in. Did Russia have any steel industry during its Civil War (1917 - 1922)? And if so, how big was it? I know Russia built the trans-siberian ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Why did Chicago and other cities choose an L (elevated metro) when most others chose underground subways?

From my related question, I'm trying to understand the decision-making that went into metro/subway design. Why did Chicago choose an elevated metro system instead of an underground subway? Most other ...
56
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9answers
21k views

Why are so many metros underground? Isn't that more expensive than an elevated system?

Starting with the London Underground in 1863, why are so many metros/subways built underground (as opposed to en elevated metro)? This requires a lot of digging and excavation, which to me seems a lot ...
4
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2answers
535 views

Are there any misunderstandings in history that were resolved in the 20th century?

I'm looking for an example of historians disagreeing over the same facts, but later on, the disagreements dissapear because new facts/more evidence has surfaced. It has taken me forever to try and ...
0
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2answers
5k views

What were the differences between the Waffen SS and the Wehrmacht in their role during the war? [closed]

I can't find any good answers. The Waffen SS was more of a private army while the Wehrmacht was a national army I think. Except that the Waffen SS was given orders by the OKW just like the Heer and ...
3
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1answer
76 views

How popular, or not, was the Mexican Goverment in the Cristero War (1927 - 1929)?

The Cristero War was fought in 1927 - 1929 between the Mexican Government and the rebels. The government wanted to abolish the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, while the rebels wanted to ...
8
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1answer
381 views

From what time can this jewelry date?

Last summer my little brother dug up this piece of jewelry with his metal detector in France (near Vichy). It's roughly 5 cm from top to bottom. It has no hallmarks. From what time period could this ...
0
votes
1answer
378 views

Where is the tomb of Erwin Rommel located? [closed]

I saw this picture on a Facebook page and I'm wondering where it is. Maybe it was destroyed like many nazi era monuments and symbols, but maybe it's still there ? I'm reading the biography of Rommel ...
5
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0answers
338 views

What were the rules for guards in Schindler's factories?

Oscar Schindler was able to leverage money for influence to protect the prisoners in his factories. In addition to barring guards from his factory floor, he was able to influence when a guard could ...
3
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1answer
363 views

Were the Chinese Warlords backed by other countries?

This interviewee in a documentary claims that Chinese Warlords in the Warlord Era were supported by foreign powers. I assumed from this that the interviewee meant big ex-colonial countries, like ...
2
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1answer
151 views

Military sidecar era

Which is the documented first military (officially issued) sidecar? Which is the last service sidecar?
25
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7answers
4k views

How popular was the Soviet Union?

How much popular support was there in the Soviet Union? How did this popular support increase and decrease with time? Here is an infographic that sort of summarizes my question. It shows that even at ...
26
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3answers
3k views

What was the economic basis for West Berlin?

From the 1950s to 1989, West Berlin was physically and economically cut off from the surrounding countryside. Since WWII it had lost the government service functions that help drive a capital's ...
5
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1answer
374 views

How many defensive lines did China build for the Second Sino-Japanese War?

Lots of famous defensive lines were built up to and during WWII, like the Maginot Line or Atlantic Wall. China did the same for the Second Sino-Japanese war, two lines they built were part of the so-...
2
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1answer
169 views

What social problem would be solved by a GuoMinDang attack on Shanghai in 1927?

Professor Schwiedrzik's script (distribution limited to Viennese university students), elaborates that during the northern expedition two factions formed within the GuoMinDang in 1927. The left one ...
1
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1answer
314 views

How were the Big Four compensated when British Rail was formed?

The UK rail network was nationalised in 1948 with the Big Four (Great Western Railway; London, Midland & Scottish Railway; London & North Eastern Railway; Southern Railway) replaced by British ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Early 20th Century Vienna - memoirs of Travelers

I am searching for memoirs of travelers who went to Vienna in 1900-1913. What they saw and did, where they ate etc and am having a hard time finding anything.
11
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4answers
13k views

Why did China annex Tibet?

This is probably a very naive question, but here it goes: Was there an economical or political reason for the invasion of Tibet by China in 1950? It does not seem to me that Tibet is a particularly ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Why was an independant Saarland country created twice after each world war?

After World War I, some territories were removed from Germany, most of them had either a majority or a significant minority of non-german-speaking populations. The exception that comes to mind to me ...
1
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3answers
304 views

What's paradoxical about British free trade in 20th century partitioning of Africa?

I'm having trouble understanding the following passage. What is the paradox/contradiction in Britain advocating for free trade, then emerging with greatest gains in the partitioning of Africa by ...
5
votes
1answer
850 views

What's the difference between Route Army and Army Group?

Before and during the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the National Revolutionary Army's largest fighting unit was the Route Army (路軍), but this was soon replaced with the Army Group (集團軍). ...
2
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2answers
172 views

Physical meaning of the phrase “Beijing-Tianjing corridor” in the context of Sino-Japanese war?

Describing the beginning of the Sino-Japanese war, especially the events following skirmishes after the incident at the Marco Polo bridge in 1937, my textbook stresses Soon the Beijing-Tianjing ...
4
votes
1answer
510 views

Did Stalin disarm the Chinese Communist Party around 1927?

Can anyone provide a few details on this? Did Stalin telegraph to order disarmament of Chinese workers and to whom? And when? I am very confused about the chronology of Events. The book I mention ...
14
votes
11answers
10k views

Why didn't Hitler invade Middle East for resources first before invading Soviet Union?

Why didn't Hitler invade Middle East for resources instead of Soviet Union? Or at least invade Middle East first to secure the resources needed for sustained military operation? I understand Hitler ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

This is the second time Australia has had 6 PMs in 10 years. What caused it the first time?

Australian Federal Politics has been tumultuous for Prime Ministers. The last 10 years have seen 6 Prime Ministers (when a political term in Australia is normally four years). But this is not the ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Was *Green Eggs and Ham* really banned in China from 1965–1991?

The Wikipedia article on Green Eggs and Ham states that the children's book was banned in China in 1965 for its "portrayal of early Marxism", and that the ban was lifted in 1991. The citations for ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Was there a real Ocean Liner called the RMS Heroic?

From what I've been able to find, it looks like the "RMS Heroic" is a sister-ship to the fictional "RMS Tyranic" — a ship the size of a mountain illustrated by Bruce McCall — but even that connection ...
2
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2answers
383 views

In the 1920's, why did the German government fire working women if their husband was employed?

To cite this german speaking site: Hatte eine Frau trotz der wenigen Stellen einmal eine Anstellung erhalten, war ihr diese nicht auf Dauer sicher. So gab es zum Beispiel aufgrund der schlechten ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Was there a constant 'fear of the bomb' in the Soviet Union and America during the Cold War?

Was there a constant 'fear of the bomb' in the Soviet Union and America during the Cold War? Or were there times where there wasn't such a fear? Possibly during the Nixon-Brezhnev détente, or ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Did Napoleon Hill really have a friendship with Andrew Carnegie?

In many of his books, the positivity guru and author of Think and Grow Rich, said he was an understudy of Andrew Carnegie in which he learned his principles of business and wrote about them in his ...
1
vote
2answers
639 views

Why does the First World War (WW I) play such a minor role today compared to Second World War (WW II)? [closed]

In my experience, in Central Europe, people are more aware of the Second World War, than the First World War. This seems to be the case in other European an American regions, too. Do others also see ...
12
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2answers
770 views

What land did Polish nationalists claim in 1914?

In the early 20th century, Poland was split between Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany. However, clear borders of the "country" did not exist. When the country was finally re-created after the Great ...
-4
votes
1answer
176 views

How successful was Bismarck in winning support for his domestic policies in the years 1878 to 1890? [closed]

Going through a few made up questions from my history teacher concerning German history during the "Quest for Political Stability" period and saw this little number come up and could really do with ...
2
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2answers
484 views

How were the prime ministers of Japan selected during the Taisho era?

During the Taisho era in Japan, how was the Prime Minister selected? Were they appointed by the Emperor? elected by the Diet? chosen by the Privy Council? I'm finding lots of information on how ...
3
votes
1answer
574 views

Australian Immigration 1945-present

I have been wondering for a while and have always wanted to know about Australia's immigration history, my main question being: Why has Australia accepted many migrants from 1945 to the present time? ...
5
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2answers
436 views

How does Upton Sinclair's The Jungle contribute to Historiography?

I know Upton Sinclair was not a Historian, however his work The Jungle has had a significant impact on how society views industry standards, regulations, government agency's, etcetera. There are broad ...