Questions tagged [20th-century]

For questions spanning a significant proportion of the 20th century. Questions focused on the latter decades should consider using the contemporary-history tag. Individual tags exist for specific decades.

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7
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2answers
767 views

Why was the Me262 not suited for a bomber role?

A documentary at Radio-Canada named "mégastructures nazies" mentioned the Me262 as not being suited for a bomber role. Also, Albert Speer was against the decision to convert the Me262 to this role, as ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Is there a special name for the beginning of the 20th century?

The beginning of the 20th century is marked by the rise of several more or less "revolutionary" new cultural, scientifical ideas. E.g. expressionism in painting and dancing, scientific revolution (...
7
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2answers
516 views

What demographic of people were the Ford Motor's Company biggest customers during the car boom of the early twentieth Century?

Who were the primary customers buying up the automobiles steadily decreasing in cost during the 20th century? Was it rural people replacing horses with vehicles? Would it have been inner city people ...
7
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4answers
4k views

Was the Waffen-SS an elite force? [duplicate]

I often hear that the SS were "the elite troops of the Reich" and I seriously doubt it without being able to explain why it wasn't despite having read two entire books on the Waffen-SS. I think it's ...
5
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1answer
308 views

How many tons of steel were produced in Russia during the Russian Civil War?

I have a specific question that I'm highly interested in. Did Russia have any steel industry during its Civil War (1917 - 1922)? And if so, how big was it? I know Russia built the trans-siberian ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Why did Chicago and other cities choose an L (elevated metro) when most others chose underground subways?

From my related question, I'm trying to understand the decision-making that went into metro/subway design. Why did Chicago choose an elevated metro system instead of an underground subway? Most other ...
56
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9answers
20k views

Why are so many metros underground? Isn't that more expensive than an elevated system?

Starting with the London Underground in 1863, why are so many metros/subways built underground (as opposed to en elevated metro)? This requires a lot of digging and excavation, which to me seems a lot ...
4
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2answers
530 views

Are there any misunderstandings in history that were resolved in the 20th century?

I'm looking for an example of historians disagreeing over the same facts, but later on, the disagreements dissapear because new facts/more evidence has surfaced. It has taken me forever to try and ...
0
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2answers
4k views

What were the differences between the Waffen SS and the Wehrmacht in their role during the war? [closed]

I can't find any good answers. The Waffen SS was more of a private army while the Wehrmacht was a national army I think. Except that the Waffen SS was given orders by the OKW just like the Heer and ...
3
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1answer
71 views

How popular, or not, was the Mexican Goverment in the Cristero War (1927 - 1929)?

The Cristero War was fought in 1927 - 1929 between the Mexican Government and the rebels. The government wanted to abolish the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, while the rebels wanted to ...
8
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1answer
328 views

From what time can this jewelry date?

Last summer my little brother dug up this piece of jewelry with his metal detector in France (near Vichy). It's roughly 5 cm from top to bottom. It has no hallmarks. From what time period could this ...
0
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1answer
378 views

Where is the tomb of Erwin Rommel located? [closed]

I saw this picture on a Facebook page and I'm wondering where it is. Maybe it was destroyed like many nazi era monuments and symbols, but maybe it's still there ? I'm reading the biography of Rommel ...
5
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0answers
336 views

What were the rules for guards in Schindler's factories?

Oscar Schindler was able to leverage money for influence to protect the prisoners in his factories. In addition to barring guards from his factory floor, he was able to influence when a guard could ...
3
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1answer
345 views

Were the Chinese Warlords backed by other countries?

This interviewee in a documentary claims that Chinese Warlords in the Warlord Era were supported by foreign powers. I assumed from this that the interviewee meant big ex-colonial countries, like ...
2
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1answer
151 views

Military sidecar era

Which is the documented first military (officially issued) sidecar? Which is the last service sidecar?
20
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5answers
3k views

How popular was the Soviet Union?

How much popular support was there in the Soviet Union? How did this popular support increase and decrease with time? Here is an infographic that sort of summarizes my question. It shows that even at ...
26
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3answers
3k views

What was the economic basis for West Berlin?

From the 1950s to 1989, West Berlin was physically and economically cut off from the surrounding countryside. Since WWII it had lost the government service functions that help drive a capital's ...
5
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1answer
352 views

How many defensive lines did China build for the Second Sino-Japanese War?

Lots of famous defensive lines were built up to and during WWII, like the Maginot Line or Atlantic Wall. China did the same for the Second Sino-Japanese war, two lines they built were part of the so-...
2
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1answer
167 views

What social problem would be solved by a GuoMinDang attack on Shanghai in 1927?

Professor Schwiedrzik's script (distribution limited to Viennese university students), elaborates that during the northern expedition two factions formed within the GuoMinDang in 1927. The left one ...
1
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1answer
297 views

How were the Big Four compensated when British Rail was formed?

The UK rail network was nationalised in 1948 with the Big Four (Great Western Railway; London, Midland & Scottish Railway; London & North Eastern Railway; Southern Railway) replaced by British ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Early 20th Century Vienna - memoirs of Travelers

I am searching for memoirs of travelers who went to Vienna in 1900-1913. What they saw and did, where they ate etc and am having a hard time finding anything.
11
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4answers
13k views

Why did China annex Tibet?

This is probably a very naive question, but here it goes: Was there an economical or political reason for the invasion of Tibet by China in 1950? It does not seem to me that Tibet is a particularly ...
10
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2answers
972 views

Why was an independant Saarland country created twice after each world war?

After World War I, some territories were removed from Germany, most of them had either a majority or a significant minority of non-german-speaking populations. The exception that comes to mind to me ...
1
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3answers
299 views

What's paradoxical about British free trade in 20th century partitioning of Africa?

I'm having trouble understanding the following passage. What is the paradox/contradiction in Britain advocating for free trade, then emerging with greatest gains in the partitioning of Africa by ...
5
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1answer
844 views

What's the difference between Route Army and Army Group?

Before and during the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the National Revolutionary Army's largest fighting unit was the Route Army (路軍), but this was soon replaced with the Army Group (集團軍). ...
2
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2answers
171 views

Physical meaning of the phrase “Beijing-Tianjing corridor” in the context of Sino-Japanese war?

Describing the beginning of the Sino-Japanese war, especially the events following skirmishes after the incident at the Marco Polo bridge in 1937, my textbook stresses Soon the Beijing-Tianjing ...
4
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1answer
495 views

Did Stalin disarm the Chinese Communist Party around 1927?

Can anyone provide a few details on this? Did Stalin telegraph to order disarmament of Chinese workers and to whom? And when? I am very confused about the chronology of Events. The book I mention ...
12
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10answers
10k views

Why didn't Hitler invade Middle East for resources first before invading Soviet Union?

Why didn't Hitler invade Middle East for resources instead of Soviet Union? Or at least invade Middle East first to secure the resources needed for sustained military operation? I understand Hitler ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

This is the second time Australia has had 6 PMs in 10 years. What caused it the first time?

Australian Federal Politics has been tumultuous for Prime Ministers. The last 10 years have seen 6 Prime Ministers (when a political term in Australia is normally four years). But this is not the ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Was *Green Eggs and Ham* really banned in China from 1965–1991?

The Wikipedia article on Green Eggs and Ham states that the children's book was banned in China in 1965 for its "portrayal of early Marxism", and that the ban was lifted in 1991. The citations for ...
1
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1answer
156 views

Was there a real Ocean Liner called the RMS Heroic?

From what I've been able to find, it looks like the "RMS Heroic" is a sister-ship to the fictional "RMS Tyranic" — a ship the size of a mountain illustrated by Bruce McCall — but even that connection ...
2
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2answers
380 views

In the 1920's, why did the German government fire working women if their husband was employed?

To cite this german speaking site: Hatte eine Frau trotz der wenigen Stellen einmal eine Anstellung erhalten, war ihr diese nicht auf Dauer sicher. So gab es zum Beispiel aufgrund der schlechten ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Was there a constant 'fear of the bomb' in the Soviet Union and America during the Cold War?

Was there a constant 'fear of the bomb' in the Soviet Union and America during the Cold War? Or were there times where there wasn't such a fear? Possibly during the Nixon-Brezhnev détente, or ...
1
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1answer
914 views

Did Napoleon Hill really have a friendship with Andrew Carnegie?

In many of his books, the positivity guru and author of Think and Grow Rich, said he was an understudy of Andrew Carnegie in which he learned his principles of business and wrote about them in his ...
1
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2answers
637 views

Why does the First World War (WW I) play such a minor role today compared to Second World War (WW II)? [closed]

In my experience, in Central Europe, people are more aware of the Second World War, than the First World War. This seems to be the case in other European an American regions, too. Do others also see ...
12
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2answers
761 views

What land did Polish nationalists claim in 1914?

In the early 20th century, Poland was split between Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany. However, clear borders of the "country" did not exist. When the country was finally re-created after the Great ...
-4
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1answer
176 views

How successful was Bismarck in winning support for his domestic policies in the years 1878 to 1890? [closed]

Going through a few made up questions from my history teacher concerning German history during the "Quest for Political Stability" period and saw this little number come up and could really do with ...
1
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2answers
459 views

How were the prime ministers of Japan selected during the Taisho era?

During the Taisho era in Japan, how was the Prime Minister selected? Were they appointed by the Emperor? elected by the Diet? chosen by the Privy Council? I'm finding lots of information on how ...
3
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1answer
558 views

Australian Immigration 1945-present

I have been wondering for a while and have always wanted to know about Australia's immigration history, my main question being: Why has Australia accepted many migrants from 1945 to the present time? ...
5
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2answers
431 views

How does Upton Sinclair's The Jungle contribute to Historiography?

I know Upton Sinclair was not a Historian, however his work The Jungle has had a significant impact on how society views industry standards, regulations, government agency's, etcetera. There are broad ...
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1answer
1k views

Was it true that Nelson Mandela refused to renounce violence while in Prison?

I got this comment from an article on Mandela: Most white South Africans rejoin that Nelson Mandela had no reason to seek revenge on anyone, nor any basis for extending forgiveness to his previous ...
3
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2answers
506 views

When did people start believing aliens are abducting cows?

I think all of us must have seen the following scene in a film, or read it in a book: It is night, and there are cows standing in a field. All of a sudden, a flying saucer appears, and starts to beam ...
2
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2answers
791 views

Why were the some “New Deal” programs cancelled in the beginning of WWII?

I was reading a textbook on U.S and the time period of WWII. I have read that the New Deal programs like Works Progress Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Youth Administration. The ...
2
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0answers
466 views

Is the person in this “Yellow Peril” NZ cartoon Maori?

In this anti-Asian 1907 NZ cartoon, is the person being entangled by the octopus in this cartoon meant to be Maori? The clothing and long hair suggest it's not a white New Zealander (pakeha), but I ...
5
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0answers
18k views

How many people did Al Capone kill? [closed]

How many deaths was Al Capone responsible for? Including people killed by his order or as part of gang wars he started? (Looking for an estimate within an order of magnitude).
7
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2answers
2k views

Looking for the 20th century painters on this t-shirt

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
2
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1answer
348 views

Why was the British University Grants Committee abolished in 1988?

Wikipedia says that: The UGC was wound up on 1 April 1989, with its powers transferred to a new body, the Universities Funding Council, which was directly responsible to Parliament. But it's ...
4
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1answer
123 views

Street Team Games played by boys in Balkans of early 20th Century

In today's world, probably the most typical neighborhood game played in teams by boys in most countries is football (soccer). I would like to ask what were the team Games played by boys (let's say ...
4
votes
3answers
604 views

Why was Luodian important in the Battle of Shanghai?

In the middle of the 3-month long Battle of Shanghai, the small town of Luodian on the outskirts of Shanghai saw some of the heaviest fighting. After Japanese troops made successful amphibious ...
1
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1answer
211 views

What was the first regular airline service to pass low over urban areas?

These days, living in a big city, it's a complete non-event to look up into the sky and see a plane passing overhead. It happens several times every day. Therefore it's quite amazing to thing that at ...