Questions tagged [agriculture]

For questions related to history of farming and breeding animals.

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3answers
677 views

What is Street’s Jorrocks?

In the book “All Hell Let Loose” by Max Hastings, the writer mentions about the condition of British farmers during WWII: "Wiltshire farmer Arthur Street ploughed up his grassland as the government ...
3
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1answer
450 views

How much leisure time was enjoyed by English peasants in the 16th century?

It seems like technological advances like seed drills, the cotton gin, reapers (grain harvesters), John Deere tractors, nitrogen fixation, steam engines, the internal combustion engine, cars, aircraft,...
3
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1answer
600 views

What was the available level of agricultural technology in late 2nd century China?

How would you characterize the situation of the agricultural technology around the time of the Yellow Turban rebellion (A.D. 184-205), when technological breakthroughs were yet about to come?
3
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1answer
1k views

When did the Chinese begin using night soil as fertilizer?

Farmers in China, Japan and Korea use human waste as fertilizer. But farmers in other parts of Asia where the main crop is paddy rice, like Thailand and Malaysia, do not. Some sources (like King ...
3
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1answer
237 views

Differences among foraging, cultivation, domestication

I am currently researching the transition from hunter-gathering bands to agricultural communities. I am coming across the word cultivation a lot. It's getting confusing, because sometimes the word ...
3
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1answer
88 views

Increment of workers in agriculture during periods of economical crisis

Was there an increment of the percent of people working in the agricultural sector during the economical crises of the last couple of centuries? What are the factors influencing the ratio of farmers?
3
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1answer
274 views

When was the potato introduced to Mexico?

There are wild potatoes in Mexico, but eating potatoes are generally cultivars imported from the Andes. They became popular elsewhere after Europeans with sailing ships took them around the world. ...
3
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1answer
159 views

What changed to make British Enclosures more profitable than tenanted subplots?

In school I learned about the British Agricultural Revolution - at the time this was explained as 'increased efficiencies due to crop rotation'. (This now seems a bit simplistic. We know that in ...
3
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0answers
74 views

What is “flood recession agriculture” and why might it be much less onerous (than other forms of farming)? [closed]

Scott (Against the Grain, 2017) writes: There is no doubt that, with the possible exception of flood recession (décrue) agriculture, farming was far more onerous than hunting and gathering. What ...
3
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0answers
102 views

Farmstead Inventory

I'm looking for an inventory of the principal goods, buildings, livestock, and workers of a European farmstead; preferably before 1000 AD. I know I've seen a primary source document like this before. ...
2
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2answers
790 views

Kurds and their relation to the start of civilization?

Is there a relationship between these folks and the start of civilization? Mehrdad Izady suggests that they started civilization via establishing the agricultural production. How can this be possible, ...
2
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1answer
282 views

Why was silage only invented in the 19th Century?

For thousands of years in the Northern climates mankind had to slaughter a large proportion of their livestock due to a shortage of winter fodder. What prevented mankind from using silage/haylage ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Historical African Demographic and Agriculture Data

I'm looking for resources that give the the demographic breakdown of African nations for the time period 1880-1960 (so colonization), such as from censuses. Primarily, I need the european share of the ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Land concentration in Columbia

I am looking for elaboration for the following passage, which I found in Wikipedia: "In 1968 and 1969 alone, the INCORA issued more than 60,000 land titles to farmers and workers. Despite this, ...
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2answers
184 views

Could you please simplify “Carrying capacity” meaning in the following paragraph?

Carrying capacity of the land increased - during spread of agricultural revolution in North America.
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1answer
191 views

What were the characteristics of the earliest varieties of European cattle, “bos tauros”, and how were they kept?

I know that all modern cattle, whether they are bos tauros or not, are descended from aurochs, and that aurochs were allowed to mix with early domesticated cattle several times. I want to know more ...
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1answer
63 views

In Alta California, who worked at the Ranchos del Rey?

In Spanish Alta California, most agricultural production was under the management and on the lands of the Franciscan Missions, operated with native labor. Each of the four presidios (forts) was also ...
0
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1answer
512 views

Why did wheat become the dominant food culture? [closed]

Growing wheat, rice and other cereals is very labor-intensive. Wheat has very small edible mass compared to the other tissues. Wheat is very weather-dependent. Why were other cultures not used ...
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1answer
160 views

Why were harvest times in Cyrenaica earlier than in Greece in antiquity?

In The Corrupting Sea (2000), the authors state that Cyrenaica's harvest time was "a month earlier than that of most of Greece and well before that of the Black Sea" (p. 72), and because of this the ...
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1answer
189 views

Did Palaeolithic humans live longer than early Neolithic farmers?

Please quote published research. There is work on Paleolithic teeth that is often used as evidence to suggest that Paleolithic humans lived longer than early farmers (http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/...
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1answer
344 views

How the average female body used to be before the industrial revolution? [closed]

I have this curiosity for several reasons.History articles says that before the isdustrial revolution most people used to be quite poor and most of the population were peasants. In other words, most ...
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2answers
229 views

why were animals domesticated? (for meat and fur) [closed]

So my understanding is that it was not until the industrial revolution until people could eat farm animals commonly, while hunter gatherer groups subsisted on meat as the main part of their diet, so I ...