Questions tagged [american-civil-war]

the civil war that took place between the northern and southern states of the United States between 1861-65.

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During the American Civil War, what legal authority did the Union states claim over the Confederate states? [duplicate]

In the book "Three Months in the Southern States" by Sir Arthur James Lyon Fremantle, a travelogue written by a Scottish writer as he travels around the Confederacy during the American Civil ...
DrMcCleod's user avatar
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Is it likely that Abraham Lincoln knew about the Pyramids at Giza? [closed]

Lincoln's complicated views on race are well documented. That he believed the black man to be inferior to the white man in every way is beyond dispute, at least in his earlier years. Obviously, he was ...
Lawnmower Man's user avatar
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Is Edwin M. Stanton related to Elizabeth Cady Stanton?

After reading part of an American history book over the weekend, I have a frankly dumb question. Is suffragette Elizabeth Cady Stanton related at all to Reconstruction-Era Secretary of War Edwin M. ...
jtac's user avatar
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What was Robert E Lee's nickname at West Point?

Currently, I am reading "Robert E. Lee: A Biography by Emory M. Thomas." Chapter 3, titled "The Marble Model", describes Lee's military bearing and posture which earned him this ...
Doc's user avatar
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What patriotic music might have been popular for Independence Day in 1866?

I am on a search for American patriotic music that would have been performed at a New England (specifically, Portland, Maine) Independence Day celebration in 1866. I would like to find a list of ...
nuggethead's user avatar
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Is this newspaper article describing the Battle of Glorieta Pass?

I've been trying to find old newspaper articles covering the Battle of Glorieta Pass as close to the date it happened, but strangely the term "Glorieta Pass" isn't coming up in the databases ...
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How did Mississippi regain representation without ratifying the 13th amendment?

I read that Congress required former Confederate states to ratify the 13th amendment in order to regain representation in the federal government, but Mississippi didn't ratify it until 1995 and not ...
Wendy's user avatar
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Which American Civil War admiral said he would not punish people for getting their ship close to the enemy?

I recall reading an anecdote (it was definitely in Civil War: a History by Shelby Foote, but I don't remember exactly which volume; I believe that it occurred during the Vicksburg campaign in the ...
EJoshuaS - Stand with Ukraine's user avatar
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When did opposing armies in close proximity engage each other during the American Civil war?

How did opposing armies in the US Civil War react to being in relatively close proximity? The following map from Shaara's Killer Angels shows several units between 500 and 1000 yards apart, or closer....
nuggethead's user avatar
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Were repeating rifles pitted often against breach-loaders in American Civil War battles and what happened?

It seems to me with equal numbers of troops on each side, the side with repeaters would have a huge, almost insurmountable advantage. Is it true that such battles did occur and if so, did the side ...
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Why are there holidays marking VE/VJ/Armistice Day in different cultures, while many other wars aren't commemorated at their conclusion?

I have tried to research why there seems to be commemorations and/or holidays marking the end of the World War in countries around the world, but seemingly in the United states we do not mark the end ...
Avogadro's user avatar
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What was the military significance of Sherman's reaching Chattahoochee River near Atlanta?

The political significance was that Confederate President Jefferson Davis replaced General Joseph E. Johnston in command with General John Bell Hood. Earlier, Johnston had been following a strategy of ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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In American Civil War era paper cartridges, what was taking up the space between powder and bullet?

I'm interested in the history of firearms, especially black powder ones. Sadly I'm not good at looking for sources. What I wanted to find out is the details of paper cartridges for Colt and Remington ...
Mołot's user avatar
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What documents should one take hold of in April 1865 in order to establish the list of slave owners in the slave states of the US?

What documents should the president of the U.S. take hold of in order to establish his list of slave owners, including former slaveowners in the decades leading up to the war, in April of 1865? One ...
John Smith's user avatar
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Were there plans to admit the Territory of New Mexico as a slave state? [closed]

Prior to the Civil War, were there any plans to eventually admit Arizona and New Mexico as slave states?
Some Guy's user avatar
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Is there a record of George McClellan confessing timidity?

In a college history class I remember my professor presenting a letter or diary entry by George McClellan in which he confessed his timidity and expressing bewilderment at the boldness and initiative ...
gilsho's user avatar
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Were officers allowed to resign during the American Civil War? [closed]

During the American Civil War, were officers allowed to leave the army/navy?
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When did Lincoln claim that "Vicksburg is the key" to winning the civil war?

In researching the Civil War, I've seen a quote, attributed to Abraham Lincoln, come up several times. The most complete version of the quote I have found comes from this website which gives the quote ...
ScienceMarc's user avatar
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Did Abraham Lincoln send a letter to Jefferson Davis about allowing slavery if he rejoined the Union?

I don't know where I heard this originally (somewhere in grade school I think) but I have a very vivid memory of hearing this story: Apparently at the beginning of the Civil War, Lincoln sent a letter ...
HistoryQuestions123's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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What did Nathan Forrest do on September 19 1863?

I am currently reading a book on bad military leaders in history, and this one chapter concerns a man named Nathan Forrest. I only have very basic knowledge on the US Civil War, so I have trouble ...
historynewbie's user avatar
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How did the Eastern & Western halves of the Confederacy communicate with each other after the fall of Vicksburg?

After the Union captured Vicksburg, they split the Confederacy in two. The separation was such that it's said Confederate general Kirby Smith effectively ran a "Kirby Smithdom" in the ...
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What were the manpower and gunnery levels of the seven gunboats that assisted Grant at Fort Donelson?

Earlier on, I asked a question about General Grant's "true" force level at Fort Donelson. The argument was that Grant had been assisted by gunboats and gunners that were technically not ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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What made Fort Donelson particularly vulnerable to capture?

In February, 1862, Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Donelson in a little over a day. Most forts hold out for "many" days, especially when the ratio of attacking to defending forces is less ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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Were poor Georgians mainly "neutral or friendly" to the Union in 1864?

General William T. Sherman was the person who instituted the "March to the Sea" a Northern march of destruction across Georgia. I was therefore surprised to read that his marching orders ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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How many battles could a Napoleonic war or ACW infantryman expect to survive?

In battles such as those of the Napoleonic wars or the American Civil War that involved infantry marching across open ground whilst being pummeled by artillery and facing volleys of musket or rifle ...
JimmyTheOne's user avatar
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Was Alexander Coffroth for or against slavery? And in what instances?

I am watching the 2012 film "Lincoln" and there was a character Alexander Coffroth. Doing some research on him, it is quite vague whether or not he supported or didn't support slavery. If he ...
Harry Iguana's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
151 views

What is the difference between a Division Pioneer and a Regimental Pioneer?

These payment cards from the American Civil War seem to differentiate between Division Pioneer and Regimental Pioneer (see: Rosecrans' Pioneer Brigade). What is the difference, regarding where the ...
Josh Withee's user avatar
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221 views

During the American Civil war did gunboats range far into enemy territory?

In other words during the American civil war did the “front line” or enemy held territory act as a barrier to the passage of gunboats up and down rivers? Or was it possible for any to move deep into ...
Slarty's user avatar
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Did the Confederate States of America claim any territories? [closed]

Closely related: Did the territories officially choose a side to support in the American Civil War? In an answer to the question above, Mark noted, "Legally, a territory is directly governed by ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
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Did the territories officially choose a side to support in the American Civil War?

In studying the history of New Mexico's involvement in the American Civil War, it is unclear to me if, as just a territory at the time, and not a state, it could officially "support" a side? ...
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How did confederate banks deal with loan defaults? [closed]

Okay, so I know that when the confederacy was established, they printed new money and gave out bonds in that money. My question is, if you were to take out a house loan in confederate money at the ...
Altruistic_sock's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why were Union troops referred to as "lop-eared Dutch"?

I am reading "A History of Southern Missouri and Northern Arkansas by William Monks" (published 1907). I am also recording it and posting my recordings to YouTube. In it, the Confederates ...
B. Clay Shannon-B. Crow Raven's user avatar
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Can anyone find "War Department General Order No. 207, 3 July 1863" in which "prisoner conduct after capture" was mentioned?

I started following rabbit hole after rabbit hole while I was looking in to the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program, and I wound up on the report of the Secretary of Defense’s Advisory Committee ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
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Does the expansion of the U.S federal government after 1865 support the argument that U.S civil war itself was about states' rights? [closed]

Some people appeal to the fact that the U.S government expanded its bureaucracy after 1865 to support the argument that states' rights were the leading cause of the U.S Civil War. For example, you ...
MKN's user avatar
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Did Stonewall Jackson suggest to fight naked?

Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, pp. 132-3: General [James E.] Slaughter declared that on the night after the terrific repulse of Burnside’s army at Fredericksburg, Stonewall Jackson ...
Tomas By's user avatar
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Was swordsmanship important in the American Civil War?

I know swords were issued and I think they were used but my impression was that men on horseback (officers?) would simply slash at men on foot. Was swordsmanship actually studied with the idea of ...
releseabe's user avatar
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If West Virginia could legally secede from Virginia, why couldn't Southern states secede from the USA? [duplicate]

There is a huge and interesting argument on whether it was legal for the States which became the Confederacy to leave the Union. I can see interesting points in both sides of this argument. I come ...
HALL's user avatar
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23 votes
3 answers
5k views

Did Northern troops attempt to re-enslave African Americans in Southern plantations during the Civil War?

In Black Reconstruction in America, W.E.B. Du Bois argues that during the war, Northern troops - in this case under the command of Nathaniel P. Banks - sometimes tried to get enslaved people back to ...
user64296's user avatar
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1 answer
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What was the fate of the planters and their plantations following the American Civil War?

I had a question about the fate of the Southern planter class following the American civil war. The question was sparked by W.E.B. Du Bois's Black Reconstruction in America. Du Bois argues that they ...
user64296's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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How was it possible for people to remain enslaved until 1869? [closed]

In this article, we read that Wood's enslaver marched his slaves to Texas after the Civil War where she remained enslaved to him until 1869. This is the first I have heard of this. How is this ...
releseabe's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does "free and independent states" mean in the Declaration of Independence? [duplicate]

The Declaration of Independence declared the United Colonies to be "free and independent states," with the following context: We, therefore, the representatives of the United States of America, in ...
Tom Evans's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
754 views

How effective was Civil War-era artillery in the rain?

How did rain effect cannon of the mid-19th century? Specifically the commonly fielded types like the 12-pounder Napoleon. Could they operate effectively and reliably in heavy rainfall? I’ve been able ...
Ryan Williamson's user avatar
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1 answer
904 views

How many troops did the Confederate and Union army have in each year of the Civil War? [closed]

How many troops did each army of the civil war have in each year of the war from 1861-1864 and how many casualties did they have each year?
jack Mills 13yr's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
638 views

What was the experience level of officers during the American Civil war?

It's common knowledge that the American Civil War was fought by amateur soldiers. DISCIPLINE & TRAINING OF SOLDIERS Rather than learning in training camp, Civil War regiments had to learn to ...
user avatar
46 votes
2 answers
11k views

Did the King of Siam offer war elephants to the Union during the Civil War?

I have read many sources stating that Lincoln refused an offer for war elephants during the Civil War. I have also read that this was not true. I was hoping that this site could shed some light on the ...
Neo1009's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there any truth to my family's story about "Cooper's Pie Wagon"?

According to family lore, my great-uncle Dr. John Cooper "was a surgeon on Gen. Sherman's and Gen. Fremont's staffs. Credited with the invention of the ambulance; soldiers nicknamed it as Cooper's "...
Betty Crokker's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

At what point after the war did Confederate money begin to attain value again?

At the start of the U.S. Civil War, the Confederate States of America began to print their own money. Almost immediately it began to lose value due to inflation (except in 1864). By the end of the ...
wardr's user avatar
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Before the Civil War, did the USA ever offer something like a "5-year plan" for the South to abolish slavery?

Before the U.S. Civil War broke out, did the North ever offer any sort of gradual slavery abolishment deal to the South, instead of demanding that the South stop slavery immediately? I imagine the ...
user3163495's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Were exchanged prisoners from Elmira taken to a single or multiple exchange points?

Were exchanged prisoners from Elmira taken to a single or multiple exchange points? My gg-grandfather died en-route after being exchanged in February, 1865. Would he have been in route to City Point ...
Ron's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
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What defenses did Lee leave behind when the Army of Northern Virginia left for Gettysburg?

When Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia marched northwest to the Shenandoah Valley in June 1863, how strong (how many men, cannons, etc.) was the force they left opposing the Army of the Potomac ...
amh's user avatar
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