We’re rewarding the question askers & reputations are being recalculated! Read more.

Questions tagged [ancient-egypt]

Questions pertaining to Ancient Egypt are concerned with the civilization that existed in Northeastern Africa from around 3100 BCE to roughly 400 BCE centered along the Nile River. This civilization was responsible for the Pyramids, the Sphinx, and was the precursor to modern day Egypt.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
2answers
181 views

What are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History

I am new to Egyptology, what are the most recommended non-biased books on Egyptian History, Hieroglyphs, mythology, etc... that are not biased and written by experts in the field? By non biased, I ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Are there any Egyptian hieroglyphs representing four sounds?

Based on current literature describing the Egyptian language such as Hoch (1994), Allen (2013) and Selden (2015), it adds to my understanding that egyptians developed written phonograms which could ...
6
votes
1answer
358 views

Just how fanciful is Egyptology?

I've just started learning about Ancient Egypt, and it's fascinating, but it's making me wonder about the reliability of my information. For instance, it is claimed that the Ogdoad governed the four ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

What are the Ancient Egyptian words for these concepts?

I just want to know what words ancient Egyptians might have used for "country", "nation", "state", "kingdom", and "empire" (especially empire), preferably in their oldest forms. Can anybody help me ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Are there more long Egyptian texts in pure hieroglyphics available online?

So far I've only found 3 or 4: https://oi.uchicago.edu/sites/oi.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/shared/docs/oip34.pdf (This has a lot of fragments) http://etana.org/sites/default/files/coretexts/14900.pdf ...
6
votes
1answer
407 views

What did Lord Carnarvon study at Trinity College Cambridge?

This question is about the famous Egyptologist. I read that he was educated at Eton and Trinity College, but cannot find information about his time at Cambridge - in particular what degree he obtained....
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Why were the Amarna letters written on clay tablets?

Papyrus had been known for 1500 years when the Amarna letters were written on clay tablets. Why were they written on clay and not papyrus?
15
votes
1answer
269 views

How exactly were beer/bread made in Ancient Egypt?

I'm writing a novel set in large part in Ancient Egypt and am incorporating many tasks of everyday living into the narrative. The one I'm stuck on is the making of bread and beer (which were ...
7
votes
3answers
395 views

Were there a pharaoh who believed in any of the Abrahamic religions?

There are many stories in religious books about Abraham meeting pharaoh of Egypt. Also Jacob, Josef, Moses, etc. Did any of these pharaohs believed in Abrahamic religions? Was there any proof from ...
18
votes
1answer
4k views

Why did the Middle Kingdom stop building pyramid tombs?

In the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians built pyramids to serve as tombs for their pharaohs. In the Middle Kingdom, they dug in the cliffs in the Valley of the Kings. What is the reason for them changing ...
-2
votes
1answer
103 views

Is there a connection between kushits and kushans?

I've noticed a resemblance in tribe names. I know that the Kingdom of Kush and the Kushan Empire are divided not only by a substantial distance but also a substantial amount of time. Is there any ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

How popular was the name Imhotep?

How popular was the name Imhotep in Ancient Egypt, and what other great personages bore this name? His name is said to mean "the one who comes in peace", and there are similar names like Amenhotep, ...
2
votes
2answers
389 views

What is under the Great Sphinx of Giza?

This video (8:16) shows a tourist displaying a ladder going into an underground shaft at the base of Sphinx. Just wondering what is inside it and its purpose.
8
votes
3answers
3k views

What were the Ethiopians doing in Xerxes' army?

What were the Ethiopians doing at Thermopylae? From Book III, paragraph XXV: Having viewed all, the spies departed back again. When they reported all this, Cambyses was angry, and marched ...
30
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there any evidence that Cleopatra and Caesarion considered fleeing to India to escape the Romans?

In a book, Land of the Seven Rivers by Sanjeev Sanyal, I saw a claim made by the author which says that Cleopatra and her son Caesarion wanted to flee to India to evade Roman arrest. Sanjeev Sanyal ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Was the west bank of the Nile farmed in Ancient Egypt?

This seems like a simple question, but I couldn't find an answer that would have used the detail I was hoping. So, the background: I've been going through Bob Brier's 'The History of Ancient Egypt' ...
7
votes
1answer
417 views

Great Sphinx photo from WW2 shows a big platform under the chin

This photo is in a TV documentary about World War 2 in Africa. I see a large square platform build of bricks that goes right up to the chin. What is this and why was it removed? And why is nothing ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

What's the Ancient Egyptian phrase/word for “Royal Road of Life”? And how would it have been spelt?

I have been looking to translate this for a while, but unfortunately I cannot find any Ancient Egyptian "dictionaries" nor do I possess any knowledge of the Ancient Egyptian grammar at all. So, maybe ...
3
votes
3answers
425 views

Is biblical Joseph story historically valid? [closed]

What are the non-scriptural evidence (if any) on biblical Joseph story, where he becomes Grand Vizier of Pharaonic Egypt in 15th century BCE. I know that the pharaoh is unnamed, and the era is close ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What do historians infer about the world view of the ancient Egyptians based on the prophecy of Neferty?

Here are some excerpts of Neferty's prophecy Papyrus Hermitage 1116B, lines 17- to 21 Utterly destroyed are those times of happiness at those basin lakes, with men set to slitting fish, ...
5
votes
1answer
305 views

What’s this odd hat/crown and is it related to Baal?

So I was looking at a history book and it was set in ancient Egypt, in the temple of karnak. They were talking about how their were doors only the pharaohs and priests were allowed in, and how they ...
2
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there any evidence in history to suggest that there was a Melanchro (dark-skinned) population in Colchis as claimed by Herodotus?

On Quora, I encountered a variety of unsourced claims on this subject which I will list below There are accounts of Black Colchians: In 522-443, a Greek poet named Pindar described the ...
0
votes
2answers
546 views

How did the Egyptian Pharaohs get their title?

I recently watched a presentation where the presenter said there was a man named "Rikayon" who became wealthy from charging people a death tax to bury their dead. After an ancient king (Nimrod) ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

How did Ancient Egyptians see Europe and how did they call the area?

I was wondering how the Egyptians during the time of the Middle Kingdom saw Europe, besides Greece, Rome, and Macedonia? Did they ever travel to trade in or explore the northern part of the continent, ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Why is Anubis given a scarf in some representations?

Two links containing images of Anubis with scarf; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anubis_Shrine https://de.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anubis In some representations Anubis wears what seems to be a scarf. ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Why were Upper and Lower Egypt consolidated into a single kingdom?

The Narmer Palette depicts the Pharaoh Narmer bearing the Red Crown for Lower Egypt and then the White Crown for Upper Egypt. Were there any social, political or economic factors that necessitated ...
-1
votes
2answers
223 views

Are there any Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, or any foreign account of the demise of the Hittites?

The Hittite Empire collapsed due to a civil war inside the capital (ignoring the territorial losses that occurred earlier). Are there any foreign accounts of that era (non-Hittite) that describe ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Who were the Hermotybians and Calascirians mentioned as making up the warrior caste of Egypt by Herodotus

I was reading this wikipedia article about an elite military force in Egypt which began as an ethnic tribe from the deserts of the eastern Sudan. This tribe was called Medjay. It was mentioned that ...
9
votes
1answer
176 views

What is the earliest recorded example of an extradition treaty or law?

While reading a news article on someone being extradited from overseas to face justice in the U.S. it started me thinking about the history of the extradition process. Wikipedia and The History Vault ...
83
votes
3answers
20k views

How would a 16-year-old girl from Cleopatra's era curse?

For one of my novels, I need to learn how Egyptian 16 year old teenagers spoke to each other on a daily basis. I did some research online but I have trouble to understand what languages peoples were ...
4
votes
2answers
246 views

Where can I find an explanation of the variations in style of Egyptian hieroglyphs?

I've seen that Egyptian hieroglyphs are not always written or drawn identically. Long time ago I made a trip in Egypt and saw, in the Valley of the Kings, a tomb with hieroglyphs on the walls that ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

How old was the Egyptian calendar system?

I know that the Egyptians had a solar calendar, based on a certain effect of the sun over the Nile. I also know that it held 365 days without any fix to the quarter a day a year (like Feb 29th every ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

What is this ancient Egyptian material called “maklalu”?

I read this passage in a book, "A coloured linen maklalu-material, for one royal dress for the king. A total of 12 linen garments...” It was a gift from Queen Nefertari of Egypt to the Queen of ...
10
votes
1answer
574 views

Were the earliest Egyptian hieroglyphs ever discovered really found in Qustul in Ancient Nubia?

In a comment posted on an answer to the question, 'Does modern scholarship accept an Ethiopian origin for Egyptian hieroglyphs?', the user that posted the question wrote: "The oldest kingdom in ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Does modern scholarship accept an Ethiopian or Nubian origin for Egyptian hieroglyphs?

Diodorus Siculus made the claim that the Hieroglyphs were actually an Ethiopian script, which was held sacred by the Egyptians and was learned and transmitted only within the priestly families of ...
30
votes
2answers
7k views

Were Egyptian Pharaohs literate?

This video says scribes read letters to the king as the king was not literate. Can anyone comment on this
20
votes
1answer
434 views

What names did the ancient Egyptians give to different stages of their history?

The Egyptians, at least the most enlightened, had a relatively accurate idea of a large part of their past. It is striking to see how Manetho knew pharaohs from 2,500 years before his time when other ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Technological transfer/worker migration e.g. in ancient Egypt

My question revolves around how different inventions were shared between humans in ancient times, for example in ancient Egypt (between 3000 and 0 BC). Nowadays, science is often publicly funded and ...
-12
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the primary source evidence for the theory that the African Ancient Egyptians are not black Africans whose origin is sub-Saharan Africa? [closed]

The question When did the ancient Egyptians discover or reach the Nile Headwaters? begins with the premise that the African Ancient Egyptians (pre 332 B.C.E.) did not originate at the headwaters of ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Did Egyptian civilization start from North to South or vice versa?

I've been reading archeological claims that say that the ancient Egyptians came from the South and that the first chiefdoms and kings were in the south. Some also claim that there is a crown of ...
-1
votes
2answers
7k views

Egyptian Khopesh - Why has it never been used since then?

The ancient Egyptians used a weapon called the khopesh. It was a curved blade that was excellent for getting around shields and puncturing body parts like kidneys. Why did no other army in the ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

How extensive and developed was the ancient Kushite (Nubian) horse trade?

In 1997 there was a fascinating paper published called The Horses of Kush by Lisa A. Heidorn in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies which summarized some finds about the popularity of horses from Kush ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

What is the oldest known depiction of Isis with wings?

Some of the oldest known references to the goddess Isis are inscriptions, like the Pyramid texts. However, I have been interested in the visual depictions of the Egyptian gods and how they change ...
2
votes
1answer
492 views

Explain the symbols in the relief of Thoth raising Seti I in the Temple of Seti I at Abydos

Please can someone help me understand this relief. I want to know: What the symbols are What they symbolise What the hieroglyphs say. I am very intrigued by the two Wadjet-papyrus staffs and what ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs jʿr.t (iaret)

Is this how to write "jʿr.t (iaret)" or Uraeus? Does "jʿr.t (iaret)" mean "rearing cobra" as stated on Wikipedia? The Uraeus (/jʊˈriːəs/; plural Uraei or Uraeuses; from the Greek οὐραῖος, ouraîos, ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

What did states gain from spreading a particular religion? [closed]

(It might be easier to understand the question if I phrase it this way from the start before reading the rest: What did states gain from spreading a particular religion?) From what I've read, the ...
1
vote
0answers
237 views

Is there an explanation for the disproportionally small head of the Great Sphinx of Giza?

While I don't subscribe to the Orion correlation theory or the related water erosion theory, the head of the Great Sphinx of Giza is disproportionally small compared to its body. The fringe theories ...
6
votes
1answer
410 views

Earliest story?

Personal amateur research shows The Epic of Giglamesh to be the earliest work of literature. I am curious if ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs depicted histories, warnings or tales? Are any simple stories ...
51
votes
4answers
17k views

Why do the pyramids show less erosion than the Sphinx?

Traditional Egyptology maintains that the Great Sphinx was carved around the same time that the Great Pyramid was constructed. I am relatively new to Egyptology but it seems clear that the base of the ...
-6
votes
1answer
233 views

Mesoamerican and Giza's Pyramids [closed]

I am not a history major but I am very interested in Pyramids and their origin. Is there any theory that says Mesoamerican and Giza's pyramids were build before continental drift ?? If so, can you ...