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Questions tagged [ancient-egypt]

Questions pertaining to Ancient Egypt are concerned with the civilization that existed in Northeastern Africa from around 3100 BCE to roughly 400 BCE centered along the Nile River. This civilization was responsible for the Pyramids, the Sphinx, and was the precursor to modern day Egypt.

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What is this ancient Egyptian material called “maklalu”?

I read this passage in a book, "A coloured linen maklalu-material, for one royal dress for the king. A total of 12 linen garments...” It was a gift from Queen Nefertari of Egypt to the Queen of ...
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Were the earliest Egyptian hieroglyphs ever discovered really found in Qustul in Ancient Nubia?

In a comment posted on an answer to the question, 'Does modern scholarship accept an Ethiopian origin for Egyptian hieroglyphs?', the user that posted the question wrote: "The oldest kingdom in ...
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Does modern scholarship accept an Ethiopian origin for Egyptian hieroglyphs?

Please Note: Ethiopia does not necessarily refer to the modern country (Abyssinia) now called by that name. The Ethiopians of antiquity were usually the Beja (Medjay), Bisharin and Nubian peoples of ...
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1answer
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Were Egyptian Pharaohs literate?

This video says scribes read letters to the king as the king was not literate. Can anyone comment on this
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281 views

What names did the ancient Egyptians give to different stages of their history?

The Egyptians, at least the most enlightened, had a relatively accurate idea of a large part of their past. It is striking to see how Manetho knew pharaohs from 2,500 years before his time when other ...
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Technological transfer/worker migration e.g. in ancient Egypt

My question revolves around how different inventions were shared between humans in ancient times, for example in ancient Egypt (between 3000 and 0 BC). Nowadays, science is often publicly funded and ...
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426 views

What is the primary source evidence for the theory that the African Ancient Egyptians are not black Africans whose origin is sub-Saharan Africa? [closed]

The question When did the ancient Egyptians discover or reach the Nile Headwaters? begins with the premise that the African Ancient Egyptians (pre 332 B.C.E.) did not originate at the headwaters of ...
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Did Egyptian civilization start from North to South or vice versa?

I've been reading archeological claims that say that the ancient Egyptians came from the South and that the first chiefdoms and kings were in the south. Some also claim that there is a crown of ...
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Egyptian Khopesh - Why has it never been used since then?

The ancient Egyptians used a weapon called the khopesh. It was a curved blade that was excellent for getting around shields and puncturing body parts like kidneys. Why did no other army in the ...
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How extensive and developed was the ancient Kushite (Nubian) horse trade?

In 1997 there was a fascinating paper published called The Horses of Kush by Lisa A. Heidorn in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies which summarized some finds about the popularity of horses from Kush ...
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What is the oldest known depiction of Isis with wings?

Some of the oldest known references to the goddess Isis are inscriptions, like the Pyramid texts. However, I have been interested in the visual depictions of the Egyptian gods and how they change ...
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1answer
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Explain the symbols in the relief of Thoth raising Seti I in the Temple of Seti I at Abydos

Please can someone help me understand this relief. I want to know: What the symbols are What they symbolise What the hieroglyphs say. I am very intrigued by the two Wadjet-papyrus staffs and what ...
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1answer
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Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs jʿr.t (iaret)

Is this how to write "jʿr.t (iaret)" or Uraeus? Does "jʿr.t (iaret)" mean "rearing cobra" as stated on Wikipedia? The Uraeus (/jʊˈriːəs/; plural Uraei or Uraeuses; from the Greek οὐραῖος, ouraîos, ...
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What did states gain from spreading a particular religion? [closed]

(It might be easier to understand the question if I phrase it this way from the start before reading the rest: What did states gain from spreading a particular religion?) From what I've read, the ...
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0answers
156 views

Is there an explanation for the disproportionally small head of the Great Sphinx of Giza?

While I don't subscribe to the Orion correlation theory or the related water erosion theory, the head of the Great Sphinx of Giza is disproportionally small compared to its body. The fringe theories ...
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1answer
366 views

Earliest story?

Personal amateur research shows The Epic of Giglamesh to be the earliest work of literature. I am curious if ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs depicted histories, warnings or tales? Are any simple stories ...
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4answers
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Why do the pyramids show less erosion than the Sphinx?

Traditional Egyptology maintains that the Great Sphinx was carved around the same time that the Great Pyramid was constructed. I am relatively new to Egyptology but it seems clear that the base of the ...
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1answer
184 views

Mesoamerican and Giza's Pyramids [closed]

I am not a history major but I am very interested in Pyramids and their origin. Is there any theory that says Mesoamerican and Giza's pyramids were build before continental drift ?? If so, can you ...
6
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1answer
173 views

Egyptian funeral procession: what are these people doing / holding?

The picture below is notable for being the "World's oldest depiction of a stern-mounted steering rudder (c. 1420 BC)". This much is clear enough. However, I'm curious about the man on the left and ...
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1answer
106 views

Was every man compelled to follow his father's occupation in ancient Egypt?

Adam Smith wrote that in ancient Egypt: every man was bound by a principle of religion to follow the occupation of his father, and was supposed to commit the most horrid sacrilege if he changed it ...
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3answers
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Did Egyptians circumnavigate Africa in three years during Nekau's reign?

I read in an old High School-level History book* that during the reign of Nekau (or Necho II), during the Saita Period, someone called "Hamon" circumnavigated Africa in three years. However the book ...
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1answer
152 views

What was the primary source Brugsch used to argue for Egyptian monotheism?

There is a theory held by some that Ancient Egypt had a degree of monotheism (A certain Emmanuel de Rougé even going as far as saying, in 1839, "The Egyptian religion is a pure monotheism, which ...
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1answer
265 views

Did all of Egypt, or just the Ptolemies decline?

From mainstream internet sources, I've had difficulty understanding the reasons for the decline of the Ptolemies. Ptolemy's kingdom was the most well position of all the Greek kingdoms, and ...
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1answer
199 views

How were artisans trained in Ancient Egypt?

I would like to know how artisans like potters and blacksmiths were trained to specialize in their trade in ancient civilizations. In particular, I am interested in how this was done in ancient Egypt. ...
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1answer
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How was the Ancient Egyptian name 'God is Gracious' written?

According to this article Behind the Name: Ancient Egyptian Names Revealed there exists an Ancient Egyptian name meaning "God is Gracious". What is that name and how is it written in Hieroglyphics? (...
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1answer
95 views

Was Abu Simbel also designed to serve as a border between Egypt and Nubia?

Abu Simbel is a spectacular looking site located in the most Southern part of Egypt and in very close proximity to the Sudan-(Ancient Nubia). Although Abu Simbel was a massive Temple dedicated to ...
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1answer
805 views

How did thieves get into Egyptian pyramids?

I've heard that most of the treasures in the pyramids are supposed to have been stolen by later thieves. I wonder what was their method of getting in? Wasn't the pyramid sealed after the Pharaoh's ...
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1answer
600 views

Are there known completely sealed chambers in Egyptian pyramids?

According to new measurements, there likely is a large hidden chamber in the Great Pyramid (Paper). There is already speculation about its contents, with people looking at religious sources the ...
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2answers
299 views

Did Archimedes spend time in Alexandria, Egypt?

We know that Archimedes was a native of Syracuse , Sicily and that much of his scientific and inventive works were conducted in this particular Eastern Sicilian city during the 200'S BC/BCE. However, ...
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1answer
292 views

Egypt at the time of Cleopatra

Edited question: At the time of Cleopatra, were common rites and practises like for example the mummification of emperors, polytheism, the Pharaoh having the position of a living god present like ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Why are some New Kingdom dates quotes in pairs two years apart?

I am reading about New Kingdom Egypt. Many events are doubly-dated. For example, Akhenaten's reign is given as 1353–1336 BCE or 1351–1334 BCE. These dates always seem to be two years apart. I ...
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1answer
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Which fortress east of Ancient Megiddo did Thutmose III go to during the siege?

After the ancient Battle of Megiddo, the rebels fell back to the city of Megiddo and the Egyptian army was victorious. The Egyptian army besieged the city of Megiddo by building a moat and a wooden ...
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Why weren't the Egyptians attacked on sight in the ancient Battle of Megiddo?

In 1457 BC, Thutmose III and his army had to pass the mountains to reach Megiddo. He had three passes he could go through, one in the North, called Jokneam Pass, and another pass in the South, called ...
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2answers
258 views

Why are some Pharaohs depicted wearing the red or the white crowns even after the unification of Egypt?

We know that the red "Deshret" crown was used by the Pharaohs of Lower Egypt (Or in occasions related only to Lower Egypt), and the white "Hedjet" crown was used by Pharaohs of Upper Egypt (Or in ...
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1answer
94 views

Were Pharaohs still inscribed on walls and written on papyrus after their deaths?

If so, was it done for historical record, or tradition? Any details on this appreciated. Do we have any instances of artifacts depicting past Pharaohs or events that occurred before they were created?...
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Cooking on Ancient Ships?

In ancient times, ships would often be at sea for extended periods of time. During this time, I'm assuming they must have done some form of cooking, otherwise they would have just eaten cold, pre-...
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1answer
710 views

DNA results of Amarna dead?

In the Egyptian city of Amarna, archaeological expeditions have revealed numerous graves of people who appear to have worked very hard while being malnourished. One recent article on the subject says ...
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2answers
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What's the Ancient Egyptian word for “benedict”?

I've been searching for, but can't for the life of me find the equivalent in ancient Egyptian to the word "benedict". Tried with "blessed", "glorified", and "exalted" too to no avail. Thanks in ...
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1answer
471 views

How old is the Egyptian winged disk? Is it Assyrian?

I assumed that the Winged disk was brought to Egypt by the Assyrians, and used prolifically during the Amarna period. However, I read on Wikipedia and elsewhere that it's known since the Old Kingdom, ...
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1answer
237 views

Why did ancient Egyptian sculpture Thutmose abandon his masterpiece Nefertiti bust? [closed]

The Nefertiti bust is one of the most famous pieces of ancient Egyptian art that we have. It's thought to have been a master study for others to copy. The Nefertiti bust was discovered sitting on the ...
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1answer
124 views

When is the first time any variation of the name Misraim is used to refer to Egypt?

I asked a question here previously related to this, and I would like to be more specific in this question. There are numerous ancient records such as the Ugaritic tablets, the Assyrian & ...
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2answers
584 views

When was Khemet renamed to Misr?

Egypt was called Khemet in the early period (Old Kingdom) and later Misr (a name that remains even today) but I am wondering when they changed the name from Khemet to Misr, what century would be ...
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1answer
593 views

Did the ancient Egyptians dress living cats in jewelry?

Ancient Egyptians worshiped animals, and cats were one of the most popular objects of said worship. I know that they would dress up cat statues in jewelry, but did they dress their cats in jewelry ...
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1answer
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Theon of Alexandria and the Library of Alexandria [closed]

Does anybody knows something in detail about Theon of Alexandria concerning his role in the Library of Alexandria? Thanks in advance.
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1answer
162 views

Is there something tangible remaining from the Library of Alexandria? [closed]

From the fire and acts of desctruction on Library of Alexandria, is there remaining something? Did some tangible material, books, documents have been moved before the event or survived?
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1answer
670 views

When did the Egyptians stop wrapping their dead in bandages?

I'm curious as to when the Egyptians stopped wrapping their dead in thin strips of fabric and transitioned to burial shrouds. Any historical speculation as to the reasons for this transition would be ...
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2answers
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What were Egyptian rulers called before the honorific title “Pharaoh”?

According to Wikipedia, the title "Pharaoh" is a New Kingdom one: Pharaoh is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the Macedonian conquest in ...
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1answer
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Which were the most entrepreneurial AND prosperous cities in different eras? [closed]

[For what I mean by "an entrepreneurial and prosperous city," see the bulleted points below.] We're looking for a name for a research project. We're trying to be creative with the name and one of the ...
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2answers
784 views

What did the ancient Egyptians think of Khufu?

What did the ancient Egyptians think of Khufu? Did they feel he was cruel, strict, kind, greedy, ect? I need this information for a school project I'm working on about Khufu.
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3answers
622 views

Where can I find reliable primary sources written by Ancient Egyptian laborers?

I am working on a Year 12 New Kingdom Pharaoh assignment. I have chosen Ramesses II and must determine if he was an effective king. I have decided that he was, but now I just have to provide the ...