Questions tagged [ancient-egypt]

Questions pertaining to Ancient Egypt are concerned with the civilization that existed in Northeastern Africa from around 3100 BCE to roughly 400 BCE centered along the Nile River. This civilization was responsible for the Pyramids, the Sphinx, and was the precursor to modern day Egypt.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
6 views

How did Ancient Egyptians claim to know so much about the afterlife?

Ancient Egyptians have left significant amounts of literature detailing the afterlife, how one gets there, the different locations and journeys one makes, the parts of the soul and how they interact, ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Did Egyptian civilization start from North to South or vice versa?

I've been reading archeological claims that say that the ancient Egyptians came from the South and that the first chiefdoms and kings were in the south. Some also claim that there is a crown of ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

What does 'des' mean in ancient Egyptian?

Looking at the pefsu problems of ancient Egyptian mathematical papyri, I am wondering what does the word des mean? It is usually used together with the word jug to form des-jug, but sometimes the ...
3
votes
0answers
155 views

Did travelers need a pass to travel in Greco-Roman Egypt, particularly in and out of Alexandria?

I am writing a story in which people travel by boat in Greco-Roman Egypt (27 bce), and am wondering if there were internal controls on travel, or if people were pretty much free to come and go as they ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What were the ancient Egyptian terms for the sports of wrestling and boxing?

Wrestling has had a long history, with images depicted of it going back at least 7000 years Wikipedia, and in Egypt at least from 2400 BCE it was depicted on tomb walls. I have been unable to find an ...
67
votes
6answers
46k views

What knowledge may have been lost at the Library of Alexandria?

Of course we'll never know for sure, but do historians have some reasonable ideas about what knowledge may have been lost at the Library of Serapeum of Alexandria, when it was destroyed by the Decree ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Did most major ancient cultures (e.g. the Mesopotamians) consider the heart as the main cognitive organ?

The Egyptians, Greeks (e.g. Aristotle), and Chinese certain did so. They believed that thinking was done by the heart. Was this true about all major ancient civilizations? Were there exceptions? ...
6
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there a historical basis for the "day of the false King" described in The Egyptian?

In Book 6 of Mika Waltari's historical novel The Egyptian, Kaptah, Sinuhe's slave and companion, ascends to the throne of Babylon for a day: I was by now familiar with many customs in Babylon, yet I ...
7
votes
2answers
232 views

Were Egyptian monarchs referred to by the title "pharaoh" alone, without using their proper names, from around 1500 BCE until the 10th century BCE?

In his book Ani Maamin, Rabbi Joshua Berman makes a comment about the usage of the term "Pharaoh" in the Book of Exodus, indicating that it was in line with the standard conventions in Egypt ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

When was Khemet renamed to Misr?

Egypt was called Khemet in the early period (Old Kingdom) and later Misr (a name that remains even today) but I am wondering when they changed the name from Khemet to Misr, what century would be ...
-1
votes
2answers
192 views

Why did the governments of the distant past last longer than those of the present/recent past? [closed]

For example, Rome and Egypt existed for massive amounts of time that pretty much any modern nation could not. Is this a selection bias on my end (comparing the most successful empires of the past to ...
21
votes
1answer
7k views

Why did the Middle Kingdom stop building pyramid tombs?

In the Old Kingdom, the Egyptians built pyramids to serve as tombs for their pharaohs. In the Middle Kingdom, they dug in the cliffs in the Valley of the Kings. What is the reason for them changing ...
9
votes
2answers
291 views

What is the significance of "Pharaoh" versus "King" in ancient Egypt?

On Wikipedia, I started from the page of Ramses II, who is described as a pharaoh, and kept clicking on the 'predecessor' link. Every predecessor was a pharaoh until I got to Ahmose I. https://en....
-4
votes
2answers
161 views

What made the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb such a significant archeological find? [closed]

The discovery of King Tutankhamun's tomb in Egypt is often regarded as one of the most notable archeological finds of recent history, and is certainly one of the most famous ones. Before its discovery ...
3
votes
2answers
809 views

When and where arose the first civilization?

I'm reading a bit about early human history, and was asking myself when and where the civilization showed up. First of all, Ancient Egypt came to mind, and I figured out that this civilization ...
7
votes
2answers
825 views

What’s this odd hat/crown and is it related to Baal?

So I was looking at a history book and it was set in ancient Egypt, in the temple of karnak. They were talking about how their were doors only the pharaohs and priests were allowed in, and how they ...
-1
votes
1answer
110 views

Is the diagram of the Egyptian trinity a copy of a pictogram on an obelisk?

Is this diagram of the Egyptian trinity a copy of a pictogram on an obelisk? It would be nice to know this and get some pictures of it and know more about the history of this particular obelisk.
3
votes
1answer
791 views

Are the Egyptians homogeneous? [closed]

I don't know whether this is a myth, but I've run into this in various publications, and a few Egyptians I know personally have confirmed it: that the Egyptians of today and those who lived in the ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Can history shed any light on the "secret arts" of the Egyptian magicians who turned their staffs into serpents as claimed by Exodus 7:11-12?

The biblical story of Exodus 7:11-12 talks about the alleged existence of some "secret arts" that the magicians of Egypt made use of to accomplish the feat of turning staffs into serpents: ...
39
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the historical basis for the Exodus?

As a sideline to the question How Long Did the Belief in the Egyptian Sun God Ra Last?, the comments have become a long discussion on the historicity of the Exodus. Rather than have pages of comments ...
6
votes
2answers
610 views

Did ancient Egyptian women have legal equality with men?

Having read this article, is it fair to say that women in ancient Egypt had something of legal equality with men? The article seems to generalize between Old and New Kingdom eras, but I would like ...
11
votes
1answer
355 views

Did ordinary people during Hatshepsut's reign know she was a woman?

Queen Hatshepsut is probably the most famous female ruler of Ancient Egypt after Cleopatra. Officially, she ruled jointly with Thutmose III, who had ascended to the throne the previous year as a ...
-2
votes
1answer
84 views

Where did the idea of a Pharaoh originate? [closed]

Before the unified Egypt there was a couple of places like Cheni, Nubut and Néjen and it is likely that Cheni's people gained the control of territory and from that moment on they occupied the area of ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Which country traces its roots back to the oldest civilization? [closed]

Which country is recognized or documented as having the first prominent civilization? After reading so many articles, I couldn't determine which country should be acknowledged as having the oldest ...
5
votes
2answers
252 views

What pharaoh did Cambyses defeat in the invasion of Egypt?

According to currently accepted history, the Persian king, Cambyses conquered Egypt in 525 BC. According to Herodotus, the pharaoh of Egypt at the time was "Psammetichos", whom modern historians ...
6
votes
2answers
485 views

Are parts of the Sphinx older than 5000 years?

Are parts of the Great Sphinx of Giza more than 5000 years old? There was a controversy about this question 15 years ago on which I didn't find anything to conclusively prove or debunk it.
13
votes
4answers
3k views

Were Roman emperors officially considered kings of Egypt?

On this statue of Augustus (image is from Wikipedia), he is depicted wearing the traditional dress of Egyptian pharaohs: I wonder whether Roman emperors were officially declared kings of Egypt or not,...
7
votes
3answers
21k views

Why has the khopesh never been used since ancient Egypt?

The ancient Egyptians used a weapon called the khopesh. It was a curved blade that was excellent for getting around shields and puncturing body parts like kidneys. Why did no other army in the ...
5
votes
0answers
117 views

What is the name of the Egyptian temple which had a secret / fake voice projection chamber?

I've been touring Egypt a few years ago, and visited many temples. In one of them, I was shown a chamber, and a little passage which apparently went behind the chamber and allowed the priest to ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

What is the Thalassic Age?

What is the Thalassic Age? What exactly happened during that time? This came from reading that Greeks during Hellenistic period conquered some areas in Phoenicia, Mesopotamia and Egypt and developed a ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Is there evidence that Egyptian culture was originally matriachical? [duplicate]

I am currently reading The Origins and History of Consciousness by Erich Neumann. The book is essentially an application of recapitulation theory to the development of human consciousness, asserting ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Is šns the correct term for "loaf of bread" in Kemetic Ancient Egyptian?

I am looking for the term "loaf of bread" that was used in ancient Egypt. This is a long timeframe, so I am looking for the term used in the middle period of ancient Egypt. I have found šns ...
-3
votes
1answer
202 views

Can a tablet dated to the reign of king Aha be deciphered?

The following is an outline of the tablet showing the string by which it was attached to goods for shipment or storage. Then comes the main source of information: The first two glyphs are easy to ...
4
votes
1answer
321 views

What is the meaning of this phrase in chapter 64 of the Book of the Dead?

In the aforementioned chapter, one can find the next sentence: "Come! Look! The leg is adhered to the neck, the buttock is over the head of the Western." (I'm sorry if this is not a ...
18
votes
2answers
6k views

Why is there a big gash in the side of the Pyramid of Menkaure?

Why is there a big gash in the side of the Pyramid of Menkaure? If you look at a picture of the pyramid, on the side where they have the entrance to get inside, above that there is a 100 yard long ...
34
votes
2answers
5k views

Is there any evidence that Cleopatra and Caesarion considered fleeing to India to escape the Romans?

In a book, Land of the Seven Rivers by Sanjeev Sanyal, I saw a claim made by the author which says that Cleopatra and her son Caesarion wanted to flee to India to evade Roman arrest. Sanjeev Sanyal ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Where can I find reliable primary sources written by Ancient Egyptian laborers?

I am working on a Year 12 New Kingdom Pharaoh assignment. I have chosen Ramesses II and must determine if he was an effective king. I have decided that he was, but now I just have to provide the ...
8
votes
0answers
256 views

What is the origin of this quote from the Book of the Dead, "May he journey in the Boat of a Million Years"?

At the beginning of the book The Boat of a Million Years by Poul Anderson is a quote from the Book of the Dead: Labelled as 18th dynasty, and translated as: May he go forth in the sunrise boat May he ...
17
votes
2answers
739 views

What is the band beneath Nefertitis crown?

I'm sure I read somewhere that the yellow band at the bottom of the crown was a sweatband and not part of the crown itself. Is this true? Would this be linen that is wrapped around the forehead and ...
-5
votes
1answer
500 views

Building of the pyramids [closed]

The Pyramids are an engineering marvel which, to my understanding, until today cannot be duplicated who planned it? (I remember once hearing a super strange theory I was wondering if this "theory&...
6
votes
1answer
889 views

Why and when were ancient Egyptian hieroglyph phonograms used?

There are writings on the walls of some Egyptian temples of Hellenistic period written in Egyptian hieroglyph phonograms. However it was strange for me to know that these are Greek texts actually. ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How did Egyptian Pharaohs get their title? [closed]

I recently watched a presentation where the presenter said there was a man named "Rikayon" who became wealthy from charging people a death tax to bury their dead. After an ancient king (...
0
votes
1answer
784 views

Did the deity "Horus" pre-date "Horus-Aha"?

Hor-Aha (or Aha or Horus Aha) is considered the second pharaoh of the First Dynasty of Egypt by some Egyptologists, others consider him the first one and corresponding to Menes. He lived around the ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there known completely sealed chambers in Egyptian pyramids?

According to new measurements, there likely is a large hidden chamber in the Great Pyramid (Paper). There is already speculation about its contents, with people looking at religious sources the ...
22
votes
5answers
15k views

Did Akhenaten's religion influence early Judaism?

There were some claims, for example in the 1st 2 chapters of Moses and Monotheism by Freud, that early Judaism was basically a spin-off of Akhenaten's religion. There are indeed some remarkable ...
6
votes
3answers
628 views

Were there any pharaohs who believed in any of the Abrahamic religions?

There are many stories in religious books about Abraham meeting the pharaoh of Egypt. Also Jacob, Josef, Moses, etc. Did any of these pharaohs believe in Abrahamic religions? Was there any proof from ...
-4
votes
1answer
517 views

Are modern day Egyptians the genetic descendants of Ancient Egyptians? [closed]

On the one hand Egypt clearly views itself as a member of the Arab world. Nasser advocated pan-Arab unity, Egypt is a prominent member of the Arab league, Arabic is the national language, etc. On the ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

What is the Ancient Egyptian word for "Fisher"

Or, failing that, "Fish". Need it for a project but really struggling to find anything definitive online. Thank you!
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Were women allowed to study at the Library of Alexandria?

The closest thing I've been able to find on the topic was in relation to Hypatia, the mathematician, who was born centuries after the library was burned. Is there a list of known people who studied at ...
8
votes
0answers
202 views

Are there realistic Ancient Egyptian artistic renderings of *flames*?

Do the Ancient Egyptians have any renderings of flames comparable to the flames in the Destruction of Susa (seen atop the buildings and walls)? I need something Ancient Egyptian, not Sumerian. Update:...