Questions tagged [ancient-history]

Ancient history was from the beginning of recorded history (c. 4000 B.C.) until the fall of the Roman Empire (c. A.D. 500).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2 votes
0 answers
66 views

What's the history of the use of crude oil for transportation before the Industrial Revolution?

What's the history of the use of crude oil for transportation before the Industrial Revolution? Wiktionary says the Latin word petroleum, from petra (“rock”) + oleum (“oil”), is medieval Latin, so ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 2,091
-1 votes
1 answer
99 views

What major figures don't have contemporary historiographers? [closed]

Are there many, or even any, major figures whose life and achievements have only been described by historians posthumously, or at least the only surviving primary sources about which are dated later ...
vicky_molokh's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
214 views

What is the first election where we have the specific numbers of votes and the names of candidates?

What is the earliest political vote where we have the exact details of the specific numbers of votes and the names of the candidates? The "candidates" could be persons, teams, policies, ...
dodo's user avatar
  • 258
2 votes
1 answer
179 views

In ancient Sumer, what would happen if a child inherited an estate?

Let us suppose that in ancient Sumer, a wealthy man who is the head of his household has two living children, a daughter and a son. The daughter is older, but both offspring are considered to be ...
Monty Wild's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
207 views

Did census in Ancient History gathered any other information than number of people?

According to different articles, Babylonians and ancient Greeks, Chineses, Romans and Egyptians made census (and perhaps several other civilizations I'm not aware of) Did census in Ancient History ...
Pablo's user avatar
  • 311
5 votes
1 answer
217 views

How did the builders of Derinkuyu light it?

I understand that the air shafts and deep streams incorporated into the underground city of Derinkuyu covered the essentials, and they doubtless harvested and stored food from surface farms, but there ...
user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

What are "stripes" in relation to ancient Roman slaves?

I'm reading the Cambridge medieval history collection, specifically the chapter on Roman law (Justinian and earlier, vol2, ch3), and there is this sentence pertaining to serfs: And for some offences, ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 129
3 votes
0 answers
133 views

Is there an example from Classical antiquity of mixing up cities based on their names?

Is there an example from Classical antiquity of mixing up cities based on their names? Say, an army landed at the wrong town, or a traveler gave wrong directions, based on the names. That last part is ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 1,289
3 votes
0 answers
67 views

Which text asserts that "An assembly with no minority/opposition should be dissolved"?

This 19th century Jewish work, section 20 of Benjamin Aryeh Hakohen Weiss's "Even Yekarah”, refers to an ancient gentile text (this usually means Ancient Greece, but not necessarily) which ...
Zarka's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
0 answers
60 views

What is the first documented mention of female period loss (amenorrhea)?

(Hypothalamic) Amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menstruation during the reproductive years of a woman's life. According to physiologists, it's an evolutionary biological mechanism that gets ...
Mila A's user avatar
  • 109
3 votes
3 answers
510 views

Are there any confirmed accounts of ancient Greek or Roman mathematicians owning slaves?

I've stumbled upon this (admittedly, pretty old) question on Math.SE. It was proposed there that that question might have been more appropriate for this forum, but I don't believe anybody followed up ...
zipirovich's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
164 views

How is robustness measured in history and archaeology? [closed]

In physics and medicine there is quite a consensus of various levels of evidence. For example, physics has a scale of fifteen levels of scientific evidence (DOI:Opera Magistris pg 50) and medicine has ...
Vincent ISOZ's user avatar
17 votes
3 answers
6k views

Did early imperial China have a "uniform, multilevel administrative bureaucracy" that the Romans did not?

I'm reading Fukuyama's "The Origins of Political Order", and on pages 92-93 he makes the following claim (emphasis my own): But most important, the state that emerged in China was far more ...
Trisztan's user avatar
  • 185
5 votes
1 answer
382 views

Why were male oracles replaced by female oracles?

Joeseph Fontenrose, a renown classicist, writes on Didyma: It is now certain that after 334 BC, a prophetess spoke the responses of Apollo Didymeus, as at Delphi a woman received Apollo's inspiration ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
996 views

Was Pythagoras against traditional/contemporary Greek education?

There were, however, among the wise men some who despised the knowledge of the orators, lexicographers and schoolmasters, and cavilled at those who devoted themselves to these professions. To these ...
adadlookingthing's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
433 views

How can I check/get a BCE calendar for a particular year?

Does anybody know a formula, trick, or gods forbid, a friggin' (free) website or program for generating a Gregorian calendar for a BCE year? Like, say I wanted to know what day of the week Caesar was ...
Guest's user avatar
  • 39
0 votes
0 answers
165 views

How Cao Cao belongs to a family of eunuchs, if eunuchs don't have penis?

I am watching Three kingdoms 2010 and in the first episode of that series, it was shown that Cao Cao stating himself belonging to a family of eunuchs but, I have read that Eunuchs don't have penis. So,...
My Essential Learning's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
267 views

What happened to the rowers during boarding actions in ancient Greece?

My research thus far has led me to the following conclusions: The main methods of dispatching enemy ships during naval combat in ancient Greece was by ramming and by boarding, with ramming being the ...
Achi's user avatar
  • 171
-2 votes
1 answer
430 views

Did people from the cities of Uruk, Ur and Sumer have knowledge/recollection of how old their cities were (say, recollection after 2000 BCE)?

I am asking this question as I remember reading somewhere that there was knowledge among the people living in one of those cities or the cities in vicinity which accurately traces back 6500 years ago. ...
setszu's user avatar
  • 116
2 votes
0 answers
149 views

Does the Rig Veda specifically mention any Central Asian places beyond modern Afghanistan?

On doing research on the Rig Veda, I found that the Bactria and the associated rivers were mentioned. But does the Rig Veda contain specific details of any Central Asian places beyond modern ...
Amit Sonik's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
349 views

Did the Romans eat fish on Fridays in honor of Venus?

I heard that the ancient Romans ate fish on Fridays in honor of the goddess Venus and that the early Christians co-opted this practice in order for the converted pagans to keep it. And that’s why many ...
Matthew Myss's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

What happened to the census records kept in the Atrium Libertatis?

According to Wikipedia's article on Atrium Libertatis, the building was demolished and succeeded by another building complex. It doesn't mention explicitly whether or not the census records were moved ...
noname's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
0 answers
102 views

Why is a piece missing in an English translation of Herodotus Histories?

Original text from Herodotus "Histories" (Book One, chapter 203): ἡ δὲ Κασπίη θάλασσα ἐστὶ ἐπ᾽ ἑωυτῆς, οὐ συμμίσγουσα τῇ ἑτέρῃ θαλάσσῃ. τὴν μὲν γὰρ Ἕλληνὲς ναυτίλλονται πᾶσα καὶ ἡ ἔξω ...
Krishal's user avatar
30 votes
1 answer
5k views

Is there a record of a rabid human attacking another human?

I was just reading the Wikipedia page on rabies, and the following claim is made: Although it is theoretically possible for rabies-infected humans to transmit it to others by biting or otherwise, no ...
Curious Layman's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
536 views

Were the Assyrians and the Akkadians different people or the same people under a different name?

Were the Assyrians and the Akkadians different peoples, or were they one and the same? I've noticed that the Assyrians didn't seem to have their own gods as far as I have read and are just worshiping ...
Orionixe's user avatar
  • 147
18 votes
3 answers
6k views

Did courtiers of antiquity hold in their pee or did they have common commodes available in the king/queen's court?

Self-explanatory. Did any royal court in history from ancient to medieval times (of any culture) have a public restroom that people who attended court can use, or were they sort of left to their own ...
mehaboob's user avatar
  • 201
-3 votes
1 answer
183 views

What is the oldest continuously circulating story that survived until 1890’s? [closed]

What is the oldest continuously circulating story (specifically prior 13th century BCE) that survived until 1890’s? (eg myths/histories etc) I am specifically looking for a myth/story/history that ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 63
0 votes
0 answers
103 views

When was The Tale of Sinuhe first REdiscovered?

I have found a website that gives the details of all of the sources of The Tale of Sinuhe, but I can't figure out what the actual date of discovery was for each of those sources (in order to find the ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 63
1 vote
3 answers
473 views

Roman Empire Netflix Map

Netflix's recent series, called "Roman Empire", has this miniature for the Portuguese language: We can recognise this as a map of the Roman Empire, especially during the early Principate ...
Elederete's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
417 views

What is "Distributed Survival Theory"?

I'm just going through "History of the Steppes" on Wondrium/Great Courses. The lecturer mentions "Distributed Survival Theory" for explaining language acquisition with nomadic ...
Bratchley's user avatar
  • 151
0 votes
1 answer
315 views

Is there truth to the Dynastic Race Theory regarding Ancient Egyptians?

According to Dynastic Race Theory, [T]he earliest roots of the ancient Egyptian dynastic civilisation were imported by invaders from Mesopotamia who then founded the First Dynasty and brought culture ...
november's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
768 views

What is the true origin of Capri's "Scala Fenicia" ("Phoenician Steps")?

On the small Italian island of Capri (located about 25 miles south of Naples), there is a 2700-plus year old stone stairway which was literally carved into a small mountain. These "921 steps&...
Alex's user avatar
  • 309
2 votes
0 answers
95 views

Was the Tetrarchy known under a different name by contemporaries?

It made me curious that the Tetrarchy should be known by a Greek name, so I've spent some time searching for a Latin alternative, but I didn't find any mention of it, including in the Latin-language ...
fryeland's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
125 views

What is the historical origin of the story of the Temptation of Christ? [closed]

In the New Testament of the Christian Bible, there is a story in which Jesus meets the Christian Devil (Satan), and Satan tempts Jesus to give up his mission through promises of power. I want more ...
Rachel's user avatar
  • 9
3 votes
2 answers
310 views

What was the Gothic language name for Ravenna?

I'm trying to surmise what was/might have been the Gothic name for Ravenna, which served as the Ostrogothic capital for some time. Gothic does have the sounds to emulate the Latin pronunciation (...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
428 views

What is the origin of this medallion?

I want to get information on what looks like a medallion that my father found at a construction site (at his home) in 1968 in Port Colborne, Ontario, Canada. It was found about 10 feet underground. It ...
Dance Party's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
165 views

How do we reconcile hierarchical and violent aspects of Ancient Egypt with its nonviolent principle of Maat, as exemplified in negative confessions?

Maat represents and refers to the ancient Egyptian concepts of truth, balance, order, harmony, law, morality, and justice. Ma'at was also the goddess who personified these concepts, and regulated the ...
november's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
230 views

What is the source for exact years of the Hittite/Egyptian state of war?

The following is an excerpt of a critique on "Reason to Believe": Critic: Under these conditions, were the Ten Plagues and a total crush of the Egyptian army in the Red Sea waters to happen,...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 63
4 votes
1 answer
748 views

When did the Babylonian king Amel-Marduk reign?

According to Wikipedia, the reign of the Babylonian king Amel-Marduk (also known as Awil-Marduk and Evil-Merodach) was started in October 562 B.C.E. and was ended in August 560 B.C.E. So, it lasted ...
stkuser's user avatar
  • 43
1 vote
0 answers
104 views

What would a simple Carthaginian bronze coin have bought?

I possess a Carthegian Zeugitania bronze coin which was reportedly minted around 220 BC between the First and Second Punic War. It is 16mm wide and features Tanit on the reverse. My query is what ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
412 views

How was the Baalbek Trilithon dated?

In alternative history circles there's a frequent claim that the massive trilithon at the temple to Jupiter in Baalbek is evidence of a lost civilization or alien interference. A less fantastic claim ...
Mike's user avatar
  • 149
0 votes
0 answers
115 views

Please help me to identify these items?

My toddler, who likes to collect stones, came across these items during a walk around the outskirts of Norwich, England. The item that looks like the head of a spear is definitely man-made. I'm not ...
Pin 8's user avatar
  • 1
-1 votes
1 answer
366 views

Has Sun Tzu ever advocated for something that in modern society is a war crime, or what has Sun Tzu ever said about war crimes? [closed]

I've read The Art of War 3x, but I didn't yet know the concept of 'war crime'. So I never really paid much attention to the text in that regard. Question: Has Sun Tzu ever advocated for something that ...
BCLC's user avatar
  • 185
2 votes
2 answers
650 views

Who would have been worshipped as the god of engineering in Ancient Rome?

I am wondering who people, like the Roman architects that designed the aqueducts and other engineering marvels, would pray to to make sure their designs were good and would work?
Jack's user avatar
  • 37
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

What religions were persecuted and disappeared (between 1000 BCE – 1 CE)? [closed]

R Gottlieb wrote in his book called "Reason to Believe" on page 66 that many cultures were persecuted between 1000 BCE – 1 CE, and none survived. As far as I'm aware, he does not provide any ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
  • 63
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

Did ancient Axumites use papyrus for writing?

Why are there Ge'ez texts only on rock and not on parchment or papyrus before the 4th century CE?
Gavriil's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
442 views

How can we be confident that Tacitus really wrote his Histories and Annals?

How can we be confident that Tacitus really wrote any of the works attributed to him, namely his Histories and Annals? The background here is that when we discuss the historicity and/or accuracy of ...
Ben W's user avatar
  • 271
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

Did Lucian of Samosata make this joke on purpose?

This is going to be a bit of a niche question, so bear with me. Recently I've been reading the work of famous satirist Lucian of Samosata. He's pretty funny, but the thing is, I can't read the ...
Andrea's user avatar
  • 211
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Are there any books with history short/summarised stories?

I was recently reading Atrocities by Matthew white, which has stories about the 100 greatest atrocities in world history. It is the first history book I have managed to complete. I prefer to read a ...
schizo proletariat's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
122 views

What early sources other than the books of Maccabees and Josephus are there for Judean rebellions under Antiochus IV?

Other than the books of Maccabees and Antiquities of the Jews (book XII) by Josephus, can anyone help me by pointing me to other early (3rd century or earlier) sources for the Judean rebellions under ...
Glenn's user avatar
  • 183

1
2 3 4 5
15