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Questions tagged [ancient-history]

Ancient history was from the beginning of recorded history (c. 4000 B.C.) until the fall of the Roman Empire (c. A.D. 500).

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What types of jobs did upper class Romans do?

I am working on a book based on the first century, I need to know the types of jobs you'd need to be in the upper class, as well as the poor.
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Are there examples in ancient history of honor killing?

I thought I had found two examples of honor killing in ancient literature, although people online have disagreed with me. In Livy, the killing of Verginia by her father Verginius in ancient Rome ...
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Ancient Isis Origin

I am writing an essay on how ancient Isis was originated in Egypt. I have 2 out of 3 points. Her temple in egypt and the ancient texts from egypt. I need 1 more point. Can anyone help?
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Why were there no agricultural, city-state forming civilizations in the Ice Age?

In spite of various fringe historians claiming to have found remains of Ice Age civilizations on lost continents, Atlantis and what not, there is - to the best of my knowledge - no tangible evidence ...
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What is the oldest precisely dated event? [duplicate]

I'm wondering what is the oldest date we can precisely place on ancient events. Ideally, I would like to know the oldest human event that we know (at least today) the exact day it happened (with ...
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264 views

Did Machimoi fight in Phalanx formation?

The 'Machimoi' were low ranking Egyptian foot soldiers, pressed into service by the Ptolemaic Dynasty during a period of manpower shortage. The term Máchimoi... ...commonly refers to a broad ...
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930 views

What was the largest battle fought by ancient Rome?

What was the largest battle, by number of participants, in which ancient Rome took part? Not counting sieges. A quick Google search reveals nothing authoritative, but some discussion threads mention ...
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623 views

Why didn't the Romans set up breeding mechanisms as a main source to supplement their population of slaves instead of relying on defeated enemies? [closed]

By the time of the Flavians there were large reductions in the supply of slaves, both those peacefully imported from outside the Empire and those captured in military campaigns. It was a time of ...
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189 views

Number of artisanal working hours spent on making Terracota Army

Basing on Wikipedia: Estimates from 2007 were that the three pits containing the Terracotta Army held more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses around 8780 ...
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207 views

How did Tetricus, the last Gallic Emperor, obtain his agnomen?

Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was the last emperor of the short-lived Gallic Empire (260–274 AD). "Tetricus" in Latin means cheerless or dark, which makes me think there may be an anecdote on how he ...
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Relation of Arya and Dravida with Hindu scriptures like Veda and Aagama

I don't know much about the history of Arya and Dravida: I've heard that word Arya is found in Hindu Scripture (Veda) and Arya is related to Indus valley civilization while Dravida is related with ...
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Internal crisis of the Roman Republic before the Gracchi

The beginning of the Roman Republic is traditionally dated to 509 BC, when the Roman king Tarquinius Superbus was overthrown. Wikipedia article about the Crisis of the Roman Republic states that ...
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234 views

History of eponymous cities

Alexander the Great founded many Alexandrias. Following his example, the Diadochi and the Epigoni did the same: Antigonia, Demetria, Lysimachia, Seleucia, Antiochia, Cassandreia... This trend seems ...
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328 views

Birth by Caesarean Section in Ancient Times

[I have asked a variation of this question already on the Judaism Stack Exchange, but am offering a broader version of it here.] According to US National Library of Medicine, the first recorded ...
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When, where, why did clean shaving for men become the norm?

Fashions come in and out, and beards alternate between trendy and passe. By the introduction of the safety razor, shaving had obviously become so common that even the poorest farmer could afford to ...
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230 views

What are the dimensions of this pomerium marker?

The pomerium of Vespasian from 75AD (pictured below) was moved to Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, Rome in the 20th century. What are its dimensions, and what is its height, measuring from street level to ...
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472 views

Why were the Maya's cities abandoned? [duplicate]

I actually have done research on the Maya, the Inca, and the Aztecs, but I'm wondering about a specific question that we had to study on flashcards for a test on a few days ago, which stated, " What ...
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225 views

What are some settlements in Greece circa 2000 BCE - 1900 BCE?

While looking at some data for a game I was working on set in 2000 BCE, I had the big problem: what are some ancient Greek settlements from between 2000 BCE and 1900 BCE? The Minoans at the time had ...
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454 views

What's the oldest monomyth?

What is the oldest example of the Joseph Campbell's monomyth (AKA: Hero's Journey) story structure ? I know about Homer's Odyssey (circa VII BC). Are there any older examples ?
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3answers
545 views

When did Herod the Great die?

I have read the article Did Herod the "Great" Really Die In 4 B.C.? which argues that Herod the Great might have died in 4 BC instead of 1 BC. What is the evidence of this claim? Is this new date ...
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What was the median price for a slave child in the Augustan Rome?

Just for example, 8 years old boy or 9 years old girl. So, not a newborn baby or toddler (no need for extended expenses for dedicated child-rearing nannies, wet nurses, etc.), but still too small to ...
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453 views

In the biography of Turing by Hodges an ancient Celtic tradition is mentioned of killing the last to arrive

According to Hodges, Turing compared some modern custom to the torture and killing of the last to arrive at Celtic councils. I can find no other mention of this elsewhere; can anyone expand upon or at ...
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198 views

How many civilians of Roman empire (except jews) died in the Bar Kokhba revolt?

The wiki entry about Bar Kokhba revolt has no information or indication about how many Roman civilians died in that conflict. 580,000 Jews killed, 50 fortified towns and 985 villages razed; "many ...
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Where did the names of these Tyrian kings come from?

Wikipedia gives a whole list of the kings of Tyre and basically cites as its source Josephus Against Apion, Book I, §18) in the name of Menander of Ephesus, a historian who wrote about Tyrian history (...
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Was there an ancient cult of worshiping one's own reflection?

Are there any sources about an ancient cultic worship of one's own reflection (in water)? Have historians found any evidence of such a phenomenon? The idea is found in some early Jewish commentaries: ...
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What is the largest mutiny in human history? [closed]

What is the largest mutiny in terms of people involved (approx.) or the number of days it lasted in the recorded history? - Mutiny - Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people (typically ...
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How advanced were the people of Indus valley civilization in engineering? [closed]

How advanced were the people of Indus valley civilization in engineering aspects compared with other civilizations during or before their time?
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Were the ancient Israelites a caste society?

I understand some were priests...etc. from one tribe, but was there a hierarchy to the whole thing? That is, were certain groups assigned to certain jobs as part of a "caste" system?
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What sources could Tacitus or Appian have used that have since been lost?

I was fascinated by the announcement of the 'virtual unrolling' of a fire-burned scroll in En-Gedi that has been analysed and found to be part of the book of Leviticus. As the Guardian noted, the ...
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1answer
858 views

Which ancient text claims that everything has been said before?

Someone commented to me that there is an ancient text talking about how everything has been said before. There are of course more recents thoughts along this line, but to me it was very impressive to ...
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153 views

Did Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga persecute Buddhists?

Did Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga persecute Buddhists?
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720 views

How did they manage accuracy with traction trebuchets?

Traction trebuchets were the earliest kind of trebuchet, where instead of the more familiar counterweight, the force came from lots of men pulling ropes attached to the short arm: https://en....
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1answer
465 views

Did Aetius or Attila fight in the Battle of Worms (436)?

I'm looking for information of the Battle of Worms (436). Exactly, did Flavius Aetius and/or Attila command or fight on it? Wikipedia page on Aetius, under the "Battles/wars" column, mentions only a "...
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613 views

A Roman Admiral, a Tribune, a Legatus and a Promagistrate all walk into an arena

If these meet up, who is more senior than who, socially, politically and militarily? The Legatus, Admiral, and Tribune are from legions and fleets in different provinces to the Promagistrate. They ...
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2answers
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Why was salt valuable?

Why was salt so valuable? I don't understand it since it's very abundant in most areas and can even be taken from seawater. I have read several books and articles and none are very clear on this.
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234 views

How to make a proper chiton and himation?

I have been searching for instructions on how to make a proper chiton and himation, but can't find anything with a good level of detail and historical accuracy. Could someone point me to such a ...
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2answers
714 views

How were Aksumite ships constructed?

The Kingdom of Aksum is known for its trading prowess, with trade partners as far away as India. Do we know what kinds of ships they built and used? Ethiopian freshwater tankwas are made of papyrus, ...
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2answers
455 views

Pre-Roman structures in Northern Europe [closed]

Do we have any surviving remnants or written accounts of pre-Roman buildings in Northern Europe?
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1answer
600 views

Is there any sort of list of Roman senators?

I am looking for records on Roman senators (specifically around 100 B.C., around the time Ceasar was born) Googling for it I only find various wikipedia articles on how the Roman senate worked, but no ...
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1answer
601 views

Who are reputable historians who study ancient Greece? [closed]

I was wanting to know reputable historians who specialize in Ancient Greek Civilization? For example, Bettany Hughes is one, but I would like to know some more.
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4answers
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How do I differentiate ancient ceramic from today's junk?

I've been to London's River Thames, a famous place where it is relatively easy to find ceramics and other relics of the past. I found something but I have no idea how to distinguish ancient stuff ...
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4answers
711 views

Purple in Roman History

Recently, I was reading articles of ancient clothing (more specifically Roman and Chinese) and while I was reading there wa countless references that only a Roman Emperor could wear a complete toga of ...
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1answer
580 views

How accurate are ancient history busts?

This question links to a blog article of dubious quality about the life of Nero. One sentence however got me thinking (emphasis mine): Though many historical accounts of Nero describe him as weak ...
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2answers
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Why were North American Native Americans Underdeveloped

During the Pre-Columbian period of the New World the Incas, Aztecs, Mayans, and many more civilizations roamed the land of south North America and all of South America. They were far more advanced and ...
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178 views

is this a correct ottoman map in year 1803m

I found this map on the internet .. in the comments many people said it might be wrong. 1-The name of the countries are wrong with wrong border. 2-Its too accurate. 3-Its not arabic ...
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3answers
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How much contact did Sub-Saharan Africa actually have with the rest of the world since the beginning of civilization?

The book 'Guns, germs and steel' introduced me to the fact that the Sahara desert actually isolated Sub-Saharan Africa from the developments elsewhere since the beginning of civilization until ...
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1answer
1k views

Origin of “The grass did not grow where Attila had passed” [closed]

Legend says that where Attila's horse passed grass did not grow again. For example, a variant of this quote can be found on Biographay.com's entry on the man. What was the first use of this phrase or ...
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2answers
350 views

Which country traces its roots back to the oldest civilization? [Reliable sources only] [closed]

I've searched a lot to find any reliable and trustworthy source of information about this and found this on this very site. My questions is, can we essentially agree that the oldest countries by ...
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642 views

How did physical exercise (stretching) originate in the Western world?

This is a list of mentions I found with my short googling: The yoga exercise technics were well-known in Asia as a both physical and mental health cure for a long time. According to Wikipedia, ...
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2answers
565 views

Who or what is Glohithia

I listen again and again in Rotting Christ's song The sign of evil existence the chorus "Summon Glohithia, appears in snake shape". I know these guys talks about old folklore, like sumerians or so. ...