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Questions tagged [ancient-india]

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30
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there any evidence that Cleopatra and Caesarion considered fleeing to India to escape the Romans?

In a book, Land of the Seven Rivers by Sanjeev Sanyal, I saw a claim made by the author which says that Cleopatra and her son Caesarion wanted to flee to India to evade Roman arrest. Sanjeev Sanyal ...
12
votes
3answers
705 views

Why didn't invaders of India ever cross into Myanmar and beyond (east)?

All the foreign invaders, coming from the west, that I know of which invaded India (i.e. Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Suri Empire, Ghurid Empire, Mamluk Dynasty, etc.) stopped around the Bengal area. ...
12
votes
2answers
432 views

Where did the Roman money involved in the spice and luxury trade end up?

In the book "The Roman Empire and the Indian Ocean" by McLaughlin, which is a very interesting read, he states that annual bullion going to buy luxuries in India was around 50-100 million sesterces ...
10
votes
0answers
215 views

Are there any references to entombed animals in Ancient India?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Arulnandi Shivacharya wrote a work called the Shiva Jnana Siddhiyar, which among other things contains a refutation of Buddhist philosophy. In this excerpt, various ...
7
votes
2answers
666 views

Did St Thomas really come to India?

St Thomas, the apostle is said to have visited India in 52 AD and died in 72 AD in India as per history books. But looks like this event has no proof before 16th century AD. So, my questions are: Did ...
7
votes
1answer
219 views

Who was the real beginner of Lord Ganesha festival?

Introduction Ganesha is one of the most well-known and loved gods in Hinduism and is admired by most members of a Hindu family. Ganesh Chaturthi, one of the most popular festivals in India brings ...
6
votes
1answer
425 views

What was the origin of the caste system in India and how did it proliferate?

What was the first society/civilisation which started caste system in India and when did they start, and why was it even introduced into the society? What was that benefit or advantage of this system ...
5
votes
2answers
956 views

Who introduced coins in India?

Which King or Kingdom first introduced the coins in India for trading (internal or external)?
5
votes
2answers
306 views

Why was Madagascar settled by far-flung Austronesian seafarers?

I have found that seafarers from Oceania were the first to inhabit Madagascar instead of the much closer Africans in what is today Mozambique. Why is this so?
5
votes
0answers
399 views

Navaratnas(9 Gems) of legendary emperor of ancient India Vikramaditya

Were there any criteria on which a person could become one of the Navratnas of Chandragupta Vikramaditya or Chandragupta-ll I have found another source about the Navaratnas. You can refer here
4
votes
1answer
303 views

Oldest manuscript of Arthashastra

Wikipedia page for Arthashastra states that three manuscripts have been recovered in the modern era for Kautilya's Arthashastra. One in 1905 which was identified by R. Shamasastry, and the other two ...
4
votes
1answer
788 views

Who were Dalits and Brahmins in ancient India before law of Manusmriti was imposed on Indian society?

From thousands of year Indian society was run by the law of "Manusmriti". Indian society is based on caste system in which Brahmins are at the top most position where dalits are at the least position ...
4
votes
2answers
291 views

Was there any urbanisation in ancient South India?

R.Champakalakshmi in her book Trade, ideology, and urbanization: South India 300 BC to AD 1300 has stated that there are two urbanisation phase was there in Tamil Nadu. One is during early period (...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

How did Indian diets change after arrival of Muslim kings?

I would like to know how did the diets of people changed due to the new kingdoms that came in and took over the Indian Subcontinent. Was it earlier more vegetarian due to religious reasons and shifted ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Birth date of Adi Śankaracharya

When was Sri Ādi Śankaracharya born exactly? In Wikipedia and elsewhere there have been controversial dates, one claiming a birth in the 5th century B.C. and another around A.D.730-780. Why is there ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

How did ancient Dravidians tell the time?

Before the invention of clocks people used devices such as sundials, sandclock etc to know the time. Wikipedia gives you the measurements once used by south Indians (time,area, weight). My doubt is ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

What was Mohenjo-Daro's “lower town”?

I was reading about Mohenjo-daro sites in current day Pakistan. The text talked about something called "lower town". What is lower town in that context? "Kalibangan is situated on the left bank of ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

What are some of ancient maps created from a single perspective?

Years ago I read that other civilizations had maps like that of the Herodotus, naming lands or peoples according to cardinal directions but without referring to them as continent or ethnicity. But ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

Evidence of Iron Age migrations into India (1000-600)

I was reading a History of India by Michael Edwardes. It says that by 600 B.C., the northwest had been closed off to invaders. It made me wonder about migrations up to this period. I only know about ...
3
votes
0answers
232 views

Was it common in ancient India for kings to take care of midgets?

The 13th century Hindu philosopher Vedanta Desikan, in this excerpt from his work the Rahasyatraya Sara, describes how the god Vishnu in his incarnations pretends to be distressed out of playfulness ...
2
votes
1answer
691 views

History of Moti Masjid

Who built the Moti Masjid? Google says it's Sahjahan who built it, but Wikipedia says it was built by Jahangir. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moti_Masjid_(Red_Fort) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
2
votes
2answers
441 views

Does the appearance of cremation support the Aryan Migration theory?

Aryan invasion theory supporters usually say that the practice of using cemetery appears in the late Harrappan period, i.e., in 1900 BC and before that many burials were found. The Vedic practice is ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Does anyone have an example of the Tamil elephant symbol?

The elephant was the royal emblem of the Ay Dynasty and flag of their kingdom, and that the symbol was taken over by the Chera dynasty after their conquest of the Ay Kingdom. Does anyone have an ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

What is the earliest evidence of vocation and birth based social stratification?

The caste system in India as practiced today has several layers of complexities, mostly undesirable ones. But it's a reality. Now, it's commonly accepted that the Indus Valley civilization involved ...
1
vote
2answers
276 views

What is the historical accuracy of birth of lord Sri Krishna [closed]

Online suggests that birth of lord Sri Krishna is 4th millineum BC at the below link https://www.booksfact.com/history/sri-krishna-life-events-dates-born-18-june-3229-bce.html but it is mentioned ...
1
vote
1answer
629 views

What was the reason behind the death of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj?

There are many novels about King Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Nobody knows the exact reason of his death. It has been written tentatively in those novels. Somebody says he died due to Tuberculosis, ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Where can I find historical data of changes in the population of Buddhist followers since Ancient India?

I need some sources regarding the changes in the size of Buddhist populations since the death of Gautama Buddha, e.g. the number of Buddhists in what is modern day India from 410 BC until now, or just ...
0
votes
2answers
295 views

How common are the following activities historically? [closed]

In present day India the ruling party has started to rename the cities by claiming to take them to their origins. It has been discussed here, here and here. Primarily the cities with Muslim Names for ...
0
votes
1answer
524 views

What did ancient countries call themselves? [closed]

Especially non-European nations -- I'm under the impression that the names given to these countries, e.g. "the Maurya Dynasty", "the Qin Dynasty", "the Akkadian Empire", "the Old Kingdom of Egypt", ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

Was Perumthachan's doll the first automaton in India?

There is a doll automaton referenced in the legend of Perumthachan. It is shown in the movie. Does this legend indicate that the technology of automata was there in ancient India? Inventions such as ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Did Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga persecute Buddhists?

Did Emperor Pushyamitra Shunga persecute Buddhists?
-1
votes
1answer
137 views

Which port did Alexander board his ship from, while returning from the Indian campaign?

When Alexander was forced by his army to abandon the Indian campaign and to turn back, he took the sea route, whereas he ordered the army to cross the Gedrosian desert. Which ancient (and/or modern) ...
-1
votes
1answer
101 views

What was the military equipment of a soldier of the Cholan Empire at its peak?

Well from what I've read, there is no specific mention to the sorts of equipment used by a Cholan soldier. There's really only info about how the army was structured. From descriptions of armies of ...
-2
votes
1answer
610 views

Relationship between Alexander, Chandragupta Maurya and Seleucus. [closed]

How Alexander, Chandragupta Maurya and Seleucus were related to each other?
-3
votes
2answers
401 views

Why did emperors of India and China have so many mistresses?

Some Indian and Chinese emperors had more than 50 mistresses. Wasn't it difficult to please so many women and maintain peace among them? What caused them to have so many women?
-6
votes
2answers
361 views

Before the discovery of India, was it self sufficient in all areas?

As per the history books, India was discovered from Europe by Vasco da Gama. I just want to know was India self sufficient in all the areas like food, military, medicine and other materials, stuff ...