Questions tagged [ancient-rome]

Ancient Rome was a civilization centred around the city of Rome, that lasted from the 8th century BC to 476 AD (West); 1453 AD (East).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Was Italy ever conquered by a "blond Aryan race"? [closed]

Nietzsche's etymological evidence for the origin of morality (Aristocratic creation of Morality, Aristocrats = Good, Slaves = Bad) includes the evolution of the Greek word Melas ( Black, Dark) to the ...
user avatar
  • 1
3 votes
0 answers
78 views

What was the estimated weight of transport wagons (plaustra) in 1st through 3rd century Rome?

I am writing a paper about land transport using oxen carts and wagons in central Italy during the High Empire (late 1st century BC to early 3rd century AD), including some computing simulations of ...
user avatar
  • 41
1 vote
0 answers
102 views

What early sources other than the books of Maccabees and Josephus are there for Judean rebellions under Antiochus IV?

Other than the books of Maccabees and Antiquities of the Jews (book XII) by Josephus, can anyone help me by pointing me to other early (3rd century or earlier) sources for the Judean rebellions under ...
user avatar
  • 183
7 votes
1 answer
149 views

What was this king/ warrior's exact name (AGATHOFLIS)

I'm reading some books (in Arabic) about north African history, and exactly the Igilgili (modern day Jijel ) region and I found a story about a warrior / king who tried to conquer the region (4th ...
user avatar
  • 241
0 votes
0 answers
211 views

Which Roman writer wrote this passage?

I'm operating off of fuzzy memory here and I’m unable to find the source of this passage. Some time ago, I read a passage from some ancient Roman writer that went something like this: “He came and he ...
user avatar
  • 1,695
-1 votes
1 answer
130 views

What was at the start of Early Roman codices?

What was on an early Roman codex before the actual text of the author? For example, we have the title, author, copyright notifications and other publication information. In contrast what would you ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
467 views

Was the quality of Roman armor really worse than the armor of knights of the XII-XIV centuries?

When I was studying the metallurgy of ancient Rome, I saw a rather controversial study done by Michael Fulford, David Sim and Alistair Doig called "The production of Roman ferrous armour:a ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
219 views

How did Scipio Africanus recruit his army for Zama?

The story of the Second Punic War doesn't quite add up to me. According to Cottrell [1], after the battles at the Trebia, Trasimene, and Cannae, Hannibal had slaughtered in battle 1/5 of the Roman ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
120 views

Why did Hadrian put Jupiter's statue in Beith Hamikdash?

The third Roman Jewish war happened 'because Hadrian put Jupiter's statue in Beith Hamikdash' (Temple in Jerusalem). Why would he do so? I've heard that originally his relationship with his Jewish ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
314 views

Did Hadrian have any children?

the Roman ruler's daughter coveted Rabbi Yishmael for his physical beauty. When she was told that he would have to be executed as well, she asked that the skin of his head be flayed while he was ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
211 views

Did Mithridates VI ever lead 500,000 soldiers?

When criticizing ancient sources and ancient army numbers, Hans Delbrück mentions a Mithridatic army allegedly 500,000 strong: "In the battle of Chaeronea Sulla is supposed to have defeated 120,...
user avatar
  • 405
5 votes
1 answer
326 views

Why do ancient Jewish sources increasingly downplay Rome's role in Jerusalem's destruction?

Josephus, the (in)famous Judeo-Roman historian, in his pivotal account of the Jewish-Roman war, seeks to persistently and systematically distance the Romans from any moral responsibility in the Temple'...
user avatar
  • 1,135
5 votes
1 answer
292 views

Did Rome annex Byzantium, the Greek city state, around 47AD?

This well-received YouTube video claims that Rome annexed Thrace in 45AD and then the Greek City State of Byzantium in 47 AD. Byzantium is also the last surviving Greek City State after the Rome ...
user avatar
  • 189
19 votes
2 answers
4k views

Was Uranus a Roman god?

Is Caelus the Roman equivalent of Uranus, or did the Romans adopt the latter and incorporated him in their mythology while keeping his original name? I've seen multiple conflicting answers on the ...
user avatar
  • 348
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

How tall was the average Italian Roman in the late Republic/early Imperial period? [duplicate]

I've seen word of a study using bodies found from around 500 BC to 500 AD that gave average heights for women about 155 cm and men 165 cm, but this seems to me to be a wide range of time and area. By ...
user avatar
38 votes
1 answer
11k views

What language did Gaius Julius Caesar speak with Cleopatra?

What language did Gaius Julius Caesar (GJC) speak with Cleopatra? My thoughts: GJC spoke Latin. Cleopatra spoke many languages, including Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew, Egyptian, Greek. Or did they need a ...
user avatar
  • 437
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

Who was the tallest Roman ever found?

Was Maximinus Thrax the tallest Roman known to have ever lived? I am suspecting there might be taller specimens. Or maybe there aren't and he is simply the tallest.
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
564 views

Did the Roman Republic really have 60 legions?

A common claim is that during the last civil war of the republic, the combined legions of Antony and Octavian totaled 60 legions. Another variant is that Octavian alone commanded 60 legions after ...
user avatar
  • 405
0 votes
2 answers
279 views

Were the Romans Trojans or Latins? [duplicate]

I was reading the Aeneid by Virgil and it looks like the Romans allegedly descended from the Trojan soldier Aeneas. The book then explains how this soldier fathered generations that fathered someone ...
user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
4k views

What is the "bag on a stick" Hercules is holding in this picture?

The picture in the upper right of this page depicts Hercules/Heracles (or is it King Erystheus?) sitting on a chair or a throne, with the Nemean lion's skin and a club. Archaeolovers clarifies why ...
user avatar
  • 243
7 votes
1 answer
787 views

Were freedmen part of the "familia"?

In LINGVA LATINA A Companion to Familia Romana Second Edition by Jeanne Marie Neumann, an unofficial companion to the Lingva Latina course, she states that: When a master manumitted … a slave, that ...
user avatar
  • 7,689
5 votes
1 answer
3k views

Were there "Taxes Paid" slave tattoos in the Roman Empire?

In this video, YouTube: Did Ancient Romans Use Tattoos? @ 4:35, the presenter mentions a "Taxes Paid" tattoo. I understand it's just YouTube but I believe this creator doesn't typically ...
user avatar
37 votes
2 answers
7k views

When and why did garum disappear?

Garum or liquamen was, apparently, extremely popular in classical Rome, consumed by rich and poor on a daily basis, almost on par with bread. It was also known to other Mediterranean civilizations. ...
user avatar
  • 4,546
3 votes
1 answer
237 views

(How) did the Republican Romans refer to previous decades or centuries?

Nowadays we can speak of, say, "the 1970s" or "the 18th century," and it conjures up that era's zeitgeist, fashions, etc. It's true that such things changed more slowly in the ...
user avatar
  • 39
6 votes
1 answer
331 views

What attempts were made to limit Roman-era water pressure/flow 'theft' by code, pipe length, and expanders and by whom?

I am searching for more knowledge as to what limitations were placed upon delivery to in-house water supply systems during the Roman Era. These limitations could have been via code, pipe size, pipe ...
user avatar
  • 163
4 votes
1 answer
302 views

Which person is portrayed in this statue?

I was visiting the Capitolini Museum in Rome last week and this statue caught my attention, It was sad that I couldn't find more information about it but I hope someone could identify it or give more ...
user avatar
  • 41
2 votes
0 answers
208 views

Did classical Romans have preferences for slaves based on ethnicity or racial characteristics?

I have read of Greeks who were valued as tutors, secretaries, etc, presumably because they were literate and other races (barbarii) tended not to be. Are there any historical records of general Roman ...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
123 views

Which building is shown on p. 159 of "Roma descritta ed illustrata" (seconda edizione)?

On Wikimedia Commons, the following illustration of a building presumably located in Rome is shown ("p. 159" refers to the pagination of the source PDF file, see below): Source: The ...
user avatar
  • 3,306
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

Are the sources in Flora Unveiled correct?

According to the book, Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants by Lee Taiz and Lincoln Taiz published by Oxford, Chapter 8: Plant sex from Empedocles to Theophrastus (pg 213), the ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
98 views

Did Hadrian conspire to kill Trajan? [closed]

Some years ago I read a novel trilogy about Trajan's life and in the last book it shows the bad relationship Trajan had with Hadrian, and how Trajan was planning to designate as successor an African ...
user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
96 views

Which of the Roman wars was the most important and riskiest for Rome? [closed]

The Roman republic and later empire existed for quite some time and there was quite a few wars, but if I where to look up the most important ones, which would they be? Understood in the way that the ...
user avatar
  • 405
3 votes
0 answers
160 views

Did travelers need a pass to travel in Greco-Roman Egypt, particularly in and out of Alexandria?

I am writing a story in which people travel by boat in Greco-Roman Egypt (27 bce), and am wondering if there were internal controls on travel, or if people were pretty much free to come and go as they ...
user avatar
  • 39
1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Greek/Roman play in which a woman encourages a pregnant slave to marry a slave owner and pass off the baby as his?

I can’t for the life of me remember which play this is, or indeed whether it’s Greek or Roman? There’s presumably a lot more to the plot than this, but all I remember is that a young woman is sold ...
user avatar
  • 21
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

When did Romans give sticks to children to beat an enemy traitor?

I'm pretty sure I one time read a story along these lines: The Romans were at war with some other nations (maybe during the early days of the Republic?). A traitor from the opposite camp abducted ...
user avatar
  • 253
35 votes
4 answers
7k views

What was the pound (unit of weight) initially equal to?

Studying history, you can often come across the old non-metric units of measurement. And while usually by a name of a unit one can understand what was taken as its basis, in the case of the pound, ...
user avatar
  • 467
2 votes
1 answer
226 views

Where were there fractal structures in ancient Rome?

I am looking for some examples of fractal or fractal-like structures and patterns in ancient Rome. I did some research but did not find much. On this topic I only found this article Scipedia.com where ...
user avatar
  • 145
2 votes
0 answers
96 views

Leading up to ‘fall’ of western Roman Empire did advanced quarrying engineering stop or gradually fade?

I know Roman Empire didn’t suddenly disappear it was more gradual. Romans used advanced techniques to build their fantastic buildings. I guess to expand on my question I've seen examples of advanced ...
user avatar
  • 31
0 votes
1 answer
177 views

Have there been female legionaries or gladiators? [closed]

Did ancient Rome ever have female legionaries or gladiators? Either officially or because they disguised themselves as man would count for an answer. If not, has the idea ever been discussed in ...
user avatar
  • 109
3 votes
1 answer
286 views

Did Cato the Elder think destruction of Carthage was more important than anything else for Rome?

Cato's known for always ending his speeches in the Senate on any topic whatsoever with "Ceterum autem censeo Carthaginem esse delendam", conventionally translated as "Furthermore, I ...
user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
205 views

Why did the governments of the distant past last longer than those of the present/recent past? [closed]

For example, Rome and Egypt existed for massive amounts of time that pretty much any modern nation could not. Is this a selection bias on my end (comparing the most successful empires of the past to ...
user avatar
  • 113
4 votes
2 answers
863 views

What are the best primary textual sources I could point to regarding the existence of Julius Caesar? [closed]

I recently got in a discussion with a man claiming that there is more reliable historical proof of the existence of Jesus Christ than of Julius Caesar. On face value, this claim seems ridiculous — ...
user avatar
  • 167
4 votes
1 answer
553 views

How did the Romans handle "fatbergs" in their sewage system?

In Britain, another "fatberg" has caused trouble in the sewage system, this time in Birmingham. If this happens when we have modern technology and tools, and is pretty complicated to get rid ...
user avatar
  • 1,848
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

How effectively did Romans rotate/relieve lines with the cohort system? [duplicate]

There is a similar question on Reddit and the original poster of the question uses a YouTube video to demonstrate the point. That video showcases a rotation of Roman infantry in a cohort. According to ...
user avatar
  • 153
-2 votes
1 answer
221 views

Is there an objective measure of decadence?

I came across this article about how the modern (western) world is decadent. I am not necessarily convinced by the arguments that it puts forward, but I was wondering if there is an objective measure ...
user avatar
  • 830
6 votes
0 answers
151 views

How would you find and get introduced to a patron in old Rome?

As the question said, how would you get introduced to a Patron in old Rome? Would you merely go to the Roman version of the town hall and inquire about which people were available as patrons and then ...
user avatar
  • 405
6 votes
0 answers
153 views

What was the salary of high ranking Roman government officials during the Principate?

During the Roman Principate, the Roman Empire was divided into two parts: Senatorial Provinces and Imperial Provinces. Senatorial Provinces were governed by propraetors and proconsuls, who received no ...
user avatar
  • 405
1 vote
0 answers
129 views

What caused the Roman phallus symbol to fall out of use?

In a lot of old Roman artifacts from statues to jewelry to even oil lamps, The phallus is often a prominent feature. From what I gather, it was used as symbol of power and protection. However, when ...
user avatar
  • 405
12 votes
4 answers
725 views

Were there any Jewish members of the Roman Senate?

A Jewish presence in Ancient Rome has been attested to from even before the Roman conquest of Judea. It was possible for prominent individuals to acquire Roman citizenship and at least under the ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
179 views

Do we know how much the Aurelian Wall would have cost to build?

I've been reading about the Aurelian Wall and it's very fascinating, though I wonder how much, in denarii, sestercii, or other, it would have cost the Romans. Is there any way we could possibly ...
user avatar
  • 645
3 votes
0 answers
140 views

What ancient sources discuss the importance of the Sacred fire of Vesta and why it needed to stay alight?

Dionysius of Halicarnassus in Roman Antiquites touches on, in brief, that the entiguishing of the flame was an omen for the destruction of the city. There are many indications, it seems, when a ...
user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
11