Questions tagged [architecture]

Process and effect of planning and designing buildings, both in scientific (as a method of creating constructions) or art (as styles throughout ages) ways.

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33
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3answers
8k views

How were medieval castles built in swamps or marshes without draining them?

By this, I mean a castle built without terraforming or draining the swamp; a castle that was built while keeping the swamp intact. Inspired by Monty Python Since apparently, castles built in marshes ...
27
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7answers
8k views

Why in most German places is the church the tallest building?

A coworker from another country asked me today if it is true that we have a law prohibiting any building in a place from being taller than their church. I told him I don't know if we still have any ...
5
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2answers
425 views

Why there is no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before 18th century?

Why there is no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before 18th century? Glass windows frequently appear in gothic architecture since 11th century but why Medieval Islamic architecture lack ...
25
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1answer
606 views

When did the round house fall out of vernacular use throughout Britain and Ireland?

TL;DR When did roundhouses fall out of vernacular use? The time frame we have is full of gaps: They fell out of use in South-West Britain in the 8th Century. Wales may have had them potentially for ...
5
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2answers
487 views

Was Mimar Sinan of Greek Christian origin?

Mimar Sinan was perhaps the greatest and most famous architect in Turkish History. He was born at the end of the 1400s and lived nearly 100 years. His style essentially defined Ottoman architectural ...
2
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1answer
185 views

Was there a continuity in architecture from the Minoan civilisation to classical Greece?

The Minoans used columns in their palaces and the Mycenaeans used columns in their megarons which were inspired by the Minoan column, but were the columns of classical Greek temples and buildings a ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Is there a global foot race among religions on the most beautiful churches and when did this start historically?

When you visit multicultural and -national big cities, it often becomes apparent to me how churches of different religions seem to compete on beautiness, height, materials used like gold or colourful ...
8
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1answer
216 views

In Classical Athens, what did the portico of the archon basileus look like?

In Plato's Euthyphro, Socrates and his titular interlocutor meet at the portico of the archon basileus - or chief archon. I've been looking for an image of the portico but had no luck so far, and am ...
2
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2answers
178 views

What are good predictors of the construction year of residential buildings? [closed]

I follow a suggestion from a question on meta stackexchange to ask about actual, physical architecture here. I hope that is acceptable. I am interested in the information and features which a ...
6
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1answer
261 views

Formation of underground layers of Rome

I have recently came across several news articles (for example) from various decades, talking about existing underground structures in the city of Rome, which used to be above ground at some point of ...
1
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1answer
340 views

Did the Sword of the Republic really fall from the Arc de Triomphe on the first day of the Battle of Verdun?

According to several sites - none of which offer sources or citations - the Arc De Triomphe de l'Étoile was damaged on or near the same day that the Battle of Verdun began in February 1916. These ...
4
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1answer
180 views

What were the grooves in the side of the walls at the rear entrance of Harlech and Beaumaris gatehouses for?

The back of Harlech and Beaumaris castle gatehouses seem to have grooves in the side of the wall for a portcullis, but there is no groove above so if there was one was there it could not be raised. ...
8
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2answers
914 views

What are the highest and biggest half-timbered buildings built during medieval era?

In any part of present Europe, let's say before the fall of Constantinople (1453 AD). Also if you can show me a drawing or a picture (if these buildings are still there), I would appreciate it. Also, ...
8
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3answers
336 views

Where in a city would a cathedral be built?

I am creating a medieval style village in a video game I am developing. Trying to be as accurate as possible I have studied the basic form Gothic Cathedrals and come to a pretty good understanding. ...
4
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1answer
193 views

Open database with brutalist architecture?

My apologies if I’m in the wrong SE. Is there an open database of brutalist buildings? I’m aware of sosBrutalism; adding to their data is gatekept and not openly, programmatically, available. So, I’m ...
9
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2answers
307 views

Earliest examples of moveable bridges (for ships to pass under)

Transportation of goods on rivers have been important throughout history, all the way back to the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia, the Indus valley, Egypt, China and more (this might not be the ...
15
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1answer
456 views

What would the Arch of Titus have looked like painted?

The Arch of Titus is a famous attraction in Rome, built by the Roman Emperor Domitian in 82 CE, in honor of the great military conquest of his older brother, Titus. Perhaps the most famous part of ...
14
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1answer
2k views

Does anyone know what type of structure this is?

I came across this picture taken at an ancient Roman site (name & location not provided) and was wondering what kind of structure it is. I've searched for fountains, wells, milestones, and ...
9
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1answer
467 views

What did they call Gothic and Baroque architecture before the modern terms came into use?

In the modern sense, I mean. All the reference sites explain the origin of the word Baroque and mention that up until the late 19th Century it was a derogatory term: It was only with Heinrich ...
3
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1answer
113 views

What do the knight figures in the Kehlsteinhaus fireplace symbolize?

The Kehlsteinhaus, also known as the Eagle's Nest, is a villa for diplomatic receptions and a mountain retreat for Adolf Hitler built in 1938. There is a marble fireplace in the main room, which was ...
4
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0answers
94 views

Were adobes often built on shellmounds?

Adobe was the principal construction material used in the arid north of Mexico. In wetter parts the adobe was subject to water damage: rain ate away its exposed surfaces and softened the ground on ...
12
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4answers
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Why are the ceilings so high in older houses?

The majority of multi-storey houses built before World War II have ceilings higher than nowadays. Today, the standard is about 2.4m, but in the 19th century or the first half of the 20th century it ...
23
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1answer
587 views

Do any churches continue to display length measures?

In 864, Charles the Bald issued what is today known as the Edict of Pistres. One of his demands was that copies of the standards of measurements (e.g. versions of a foot) were to be displayed on the ...
20
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4answers
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Are there any underground cities known except those found in Cappadocia?

I've recently read the story about the discovery of the underground city of Derinkuyu. Now I'm a bit curious if there are other similar archaeological discoveries: I mean something we could really ...
5
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2answers
228 views

How were settlers' houses in Kamchatka built?

As Imperial Russia settled Kamchatka, how did the new arrivals build their houses? Was construction identical to that of Siberia or were local adaptations made?
8
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2answers
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Was there anything like African American architecture style or symbolic in the beginning of 20th century?

At the beginning of 20th century, large masses of black people were migrating to North or between districts of the same towns (like in New York from Tenderloin or San Juan Hill to Harlem, previously ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Who built the shrine of Hilal ibn Ali in Kashan, Iran?

The shrine of Hilal ibn Ali is an incredible piece of architecture but yet I cannot find any info online about who built it and when!
5
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1answer
215 views

What are these cubbies?

My brother-in-law sent me these pictures from Vitrolles, France. They would have been taken somewhere with in a two hours drive from there. We were both wondering why in the interior of this tower ...
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1answer
3k views

How did Gothic differ from Baroque architecture?

Source: Art Theory For Beginners, p. 29 Bottom. Gothic architecture is all big cathedrals, with pointed arches, and flying buttresses, supporting intricate sculptures and beautiful decoration. ...
15
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1answer
2k views

What was the original colour of the Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre)?

Most of the remains of Roman buildings that we see today are white, merely because paint decays much faster than the structure of the building which is naturally whitish. Looking at many of the ...
6
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1answer
327 views

Are parts of the Sphinx older than 5000 years?

Are parts of the Great Sphinx of Giza more than 5000 years old? There was a controversy about this question 15 years ago on which I didn't find anything to conclusively prove or debunk it.
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0answers
164 views

What is the purpose of this structure?

I wonder what the purpose is of the structure located above the entrance of the Charter Street Ragged School & Working Girls Home in Manchester: Is it purely ornamental? According to this page it ...
30
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1answer
4k views

What happened to these buildings near the Seine?

I was looking at these before after images and was concerned what happened to these beautiful buildings near the Seine in Paris. Were they destroyed in a war? Has there been any attempt to reconstruct ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Is Howard Roark's potted history of architecture accurate?

Howard Roark explains why the Parthenon is not great architecture and in passing explains that the whole of architectural history has been nothing but a series of copycatting: "Look," said Roark. "...
2
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1answer
303 views

Which European towns or cities are architecturally most similar today to how they would have been in 16C-17C?

Which European towns or cities are architecturally most similar today to how they would have been in the 16th and 17th centuries? A different way of asking the question: which contemporary European ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Did the Eastern Romans also use roman concrete?

When I read about Roman concrete I understand its use was forgotten after the fall of the Roman empire. But what about the Eastern Roman empire, the Byzantine Empire? Did they still make buildings ...
1
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1answer
221 views

Did Charlemagne ever visit Constantinople?

The answer to this question, is probably no. There doesn't appear to be any significant historical evidence pointing to Charlemagne traveling beyond Italy. However, there is perhaps one exception........
3
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1answer
205 views

Is Dalmatia often disregarded or largely overlooked when studying the history of The Roman Empire? [closed]

Dalmatia-(the present-day Croatian coastal region), has some of the most well preserved Roman ruins and sites in the world, perhaps rivaling the South of France, Turkey/Asia Minor, as well as most of ...
2
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1answer
261 views

When was the first sauna on a ship?

Heat baths or sweat lodges such as the Russian banya and the temescal of the Mesoamericans are common around the world, especially where it gets cold. These insulated, purpose-built structures are ...
0
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1answer
289 views

Is the Visigoth cultural and historical influence within Spain rarely acknowledged? [closed]

When looking at Spain's early history, cultures, such as the Phoenicians, the Romans and the Moors are often discussed in great detail. Though the Visigoths were also a historical presence within ...
12
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4answers
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Why is such big density of churches in medieval towns?

If we look at Old Towns of European cities, we can see that there are many churches in them. Of course, it is reasonable as religion was very important in lives of the medieval people. However, ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Cabin space on the Nadezhda

Nikolai Rezanov was Russian's envoy to Japan in 1804, sailing there in Russia's first circumnavigation aboard the Nadezhda. This originally English ship was outfitted for the voyage at government ...
1
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1answer
523 views

Were there any Ancient Greek theatres not built on a hill/slope?

I was wondering the other day whether there were any Ancient Greek theatres that weren't built on the side of a hill. Normally we associate them with having a curved, raised seating area. The purposes ...
1
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1answer
960 views

When was the first time that concrete was used in Indian Subcontinent?

When was the first time that concrete was used in Indian Subcontinent?
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0answers
127 views

The difference between the houses of Ancient Athens and Ancient Crete and how that was affected by woman's status

I have been researching lately about woman in ancient Greece and I concluded that ancient Athenian homes were constucted in a way that assisted the lives of women, meaning they had many rooms to live ...
0
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1answer
126 views

What are these slots for in this stone slab? [closed]

Does anyone know the purpose of these slots in this stone slab? If it helps, the stone slab may have been taken from a nearby castle. Also, there's another stone slab (also embedded in the wall) ...
1
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1answer
135 views

Did Naulakha cost more than Burj Khalifa?

Naulakha Pavilion in Lahore fort (made 1631-1633) is famous for 9 lakh (0.9 Million) rupees spent in its development. [Rajput (1963), pp. 8-9] I am interested to know what will be its worth today (...
0
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2answers
9k views

Why do French houses have exterior window shutters? [closed]

One of the things tourists notice about French houses is the presence of exterior window shutters: Why do French houses have exterior window shutters? When did they first appear in France? Are they ...
9
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4answers
10k views

Why did a lot of major cities around the world obtain obelisks?

I am just wondering the significance of this. There is a large one in Washington DC and an old Egyptian one in New York. They have them in France, England, Spain, Canada, Australia etc. Wikipedia has ...
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2answers
257 views

Why did sculpture and architecture become unpainted white, like skeletons of the dead? [closed]

In ancient times sculptures and buildings were painted and colorfully decorated maybe even with clothes and jewels, and sometimes made out of glowing bronze. What was the motive and, if any, the ...