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Questions tagged [art]

Questions related to history of art or artists.

11
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3answers
855 views

What is the period/term used describe Giuseppe Arcimboldo's style of painting?

Giuseppe Arcimboldo was best known for creating portrait heads entirely up of objects. Here are some examples: He is described as a '16th century Mannerist' and the 'Grandfather of Surrealism'. ...
16
votes
2answers
531 views

What is the meaning of a glove on the tail of monsters in illuminated manuscripts?

I've seen several images from illuminated manuscripts depicting odd-looking creatures with gloves showing two raised fingers on their tails: What is the meaning if this device?
20
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of a knight fighting a snail in medieval book illustrations?

Someone sent me this really weird picture of a medieval illustration. It depicted a knight fighting a snail, and was basically a viral snarky commentary about how weird medieval ideas were. I tried ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

How is this pattern from Pompeii also in Cappella Sansevero?

The labyrinth tiles in Capella Sansevero where built between the mid 1760s to c. 1771 (according to http://www.museosansevero.it/floor/?lang=en). They look like this: I saw the same pattern in Villa ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Did Cimabue also paint the Last Supper?

May I ask if the painter Cimabue also painted the Last Supper? I am trying to draw some comparison between the different paintings of The Last Supper in different eras... But Cimabue (1240-1302) has ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Why is it called *neo*plasticism? [closed]

Other artistic directions with the prefix neo- had some earlier predecessors. But I wasn't able to verify there was ever a direction called "plasticism".
0
votes
1answer
255 views

Can anyone help identify this painting? (Western, representative, c19-c21)

This is the cover of a Penguin classic - the Love Letters of Keats. But I can't find the painting identified anywhere. Does anyone know it?
3
votes
1answer
261 views

Why there is no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before 18th century?

Why there is no Islamic architecture with glass in windows before 18th century? Glass windows frequently appear in gothic architecture since 11th century but why Medieval Islamic architecture lack ...
8
votes
2answers
403 views

What is Darius III wearing on his head?

In the famous Alexander Mosaic found in Pompeii, Darius is wearing some form of head covering, it appears to just be cloth wrapped around his head. What is the hat called? I can't find any information ...
3
votes
2answers
166 views

Are there any Midas portraits from the ancient era?

This is not strictly a history question, but I hope you can help me: I'm looking for original ancient art depicting king Midas (Ideally a mosaic, but anything will work, as long as it is from the "...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Impressionism and subjectivity in art [closed]

Did the impressionists make 'beauty is in the eye of the beholder' popular? I saw a youtube video that claims this but I'm not sure if its true.. I looked up impressionism movements and I couldnt find ...
48
votes
5answers
12k views

How do we know baroque art depicted obese ladies because of a different ideal of beauty?

I've often heard that the obesity of women in baroque art signs that such women were the ideal of beauty. How could we know that? And how could we know it wasn't just "cultural rationalization" of a ...
6
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3answers
856 views

Why did European writers and artists continue to depict the Moors as being black skinned, even though they were mostly Berbers and Arabs

The Moors were foot soldiers of the Ummayad dynasties of Syria who crossed the straits of Gibraltar into the Iberian peninsula. Later in that period, two new dynasties emerged: the Almoravids and the ...
0
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0answers
87 views

Was the “Anthropophagic Manifesto” written with “The Cosmic Race” in mind?

José Vasconcelos published The Cosmic Race in 1925. In his view Mexico could construct a new, better race from the diverse origins of its people. Oswald de Andrade published his Anthropophagic ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Why is Anubis given a scarf in some representations?

Two links containing images of Anubis with scarf; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anubis_Shrine https://de.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anubis In some representations Anubis wears what seems to be a scarf. ...
30
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the date and original source of this medieval picture?

While researching the history of chimneys, I came across this medieval image on two different sites, neither of which gives any details. Source: Dark Ages Project. The same picture can also be found ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Did any Moors accompany Hernando de Soto in his exploration of Mississippi?

I was reading about Hernando de Soto and saw William Powell's painting (Relevant bit cropped and added below): The odd thing (Marked with a red arrow) is the man who looks Moorish and is dressed in ...
1
vote
1answer
276 views

Is my comparison on the significance of black and red pottery plausible?

I am writing a paper on 8th-3rd century Greece. I am trying the distinguish the differences between black and red figure pottery. Black figure pottery very commonly illustrated the mingling of ...
10
votes
2answers
803 views

In Europe, why were there few portraits showing a real likeness of the subject before the 15th century?

According to the Wikipedia page on portrait painting in the middle ages, it was not until after 1350 that portraits ‘became clear likenesses’. This seems to be confirmed, for England at least, by the ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What do the knight figures in the Kehlsteinhaus fireplace symbolize?

The Kehlsteinhaus, also known as the Eagle's Nest, is a villa for diplomatic receptions and a mountain retreat for Adolf Hitler built in 1938. There is a marble fireplace in the main room, which was ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

What is the drawing in this ekphrastic poem?

I'm trying to identify the drawing (an unfinished sketch for a painting?) described in this Donald Justice poem. Possibly an African in upper-class dress, with a horse and second person who's portrait ...
8
votes
1answer
307 views

Why was galena used as a black pigment, when soot is more black and also more abundant?

Throughout centuries, starting in antiquity at least, galena (PbS) is reported as a black pigment. This is for painting but also (in Egypt and Rome) as a cosmetic. Soot is a more effective pigment ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

How did the development in education impact the curiosity and creativity in German society pre and post WWI? [closed]

I am currently researching this question; I know that the educational system focused more on science and math after the war which could have allowed for more curiosity and creativity in scientific ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

What is know about Baal Hammon's Vegetal Crown

What more is known about the Vegetal Crown of the Carthaginian chief god Baal Hammon? I've searched for more information about this particular motif but can't find any. Obviously it can be thought ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

What was El Greco's relationship with the Spanish Inquisition?

2007's biopic El Greco claims the painter was put on trial by the Spanish Inquisition, more specifically Grand Inquisitor Fernando Niño de Guevara, for blasphemy. The film is a heavily fictionalized ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

When was glass first used to protect art?

This could be the glass pane for example? But I'm looking specifically for the time period when glass was first used in art frames to protect the piece.
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Who made this Sino-Soviet Propaganda Poster?

Who made this Sino-Soviet Propaganda Poster? And, why was it made so early? By the left armpit, there is a signature: The Who: I believe this says "ВИКТОР ИВАНОВ" which google says translates to "...
8
votes
1answer
385 views

Bears on Bicycles - What are early examples of photographs or paintings showing bicycles used with animals in circus acts?

Bicycles became popular during the early to mid-nineteenth-century. Around the same time, Isaac A. Van Amburgh was active as the first circus wild animal trainer. When did the practice of training ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Why do some painted portraits show the subject pointing?

I've just been to the Royal Castle in Warsaw, Poland and I noticed that many of the portraits show the subject pointing at something, often out of the frame, for example this one. Why is this?
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Is there a painting from before the colonization of the Americas depicting travelers from far away visiting European nobles?

Is there a painting from before the colonization of the Americas depicting European nobles being entertained or given gifts by travelers from far away places, such as sub-saharan Africa or India? I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

In 2018 US Dollars, how much was Picasso's painting sold for in 1912?

I just watched Chapter 7 of Genius: Picasso on NatGeo, and it said that in 1912 "Pablo's Family of Saltimbanques becomes the most expensive painting in history, selling for 12,650 francs." The ...
7
votes
2answers
312 views

What is Washington holding in the painting “Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States”?

Here is Howard Chandler Christy's 1944 depiction of the Signing of the Constitution of the United States. You can see clearly Richard Spaight of North Carolina signing the constitution. I'm just ...
4
votes
3answers
249 views

Have the arts ever moved borders?

Many computer games (like Civilization and Endless Space), implement a "culture" or "influence" score that applies outward pressure on national borders. These scores are depicted as being raised by ...
11
votes
1answer
459 views

Fat jokes in ancient Greek comedies

I'm looking for examples of jokes poking fun at fat people in ancient Greek comedies. So far from my research I have been unable to find anything. Were there any such jokes or was being overweight ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Looking for the 20th century painters on this t-shirt

I bought this t-shirt for a friend who is really into arts, but actually I don't know all the painters that are pictured on this shirt. Clock-wise, I recognize: René Magritte Edvard Munch Salvador ...
20
votes
1answer
4k views

What's the festival shown in this illustration?

This poster shows a hopping European party of a few centuries back. Unfortunately there's no attribution or date on this old print. The text resembles German and refers to the second chapter of the ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the dates of these panoramas of Paris?

As part of a personal project I've been looking for period etchings, engravings, and black and white illustrations of Paris as it might have looked during the French Revolution of 1789. Those who are ...
5
votes
1answer
661 views

Who is the model in this Edward Burne-Jones painting?

I am preparing a short article on Sir Edward Burne-Jones' Perseus Cycle, specifically the final painting, 'The Baleful Head.' It is crucial that I ascertain the identity of the woman whose likeness ...
4
votes
0answers
208 views

Did the idea of motion illusion exist in medieval or islamic art?

Motion illusion by colors is like in the given picture My inquiry is about the implementation of the heavy use of colors to form patterns and designs on the walls in medieval Christian and Islamic ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

Why are there two “Smaller & Smaller”s?

So M.C. Escher created a piece of art called "Smaller & Smaller". The problem is, when you look it up, two similar but non-identical pieces of art come up: and The color difference isn't a big ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

Babylonian handbags - meaning?

What is the meaning of “handbags” that Babylonian gods are often depicted carrying ? ![god with handbag]
-4
votes
2answers
216 views

Is this painting by a famous artist? [closed]

Is the painting below by a significant artist? This painting has a fascinating history that I will share if it turns out that it is by an interesting artist. I have done the inverse image search on ...
11
votes
1answer
454 views

How can I date this carved wood sculpture?

I found this beautiful wood-carved sculpture: It does look quite old and I wonder around what it was created. Also I'm interested which things to look out for, in order to determine the age and ...
5
votes
2answers
427 views

Which figure is this a statue of?

In Ocean's 12, towards the end of the movie in the famous scene where Night Fox is dodging the laser field to steal the (fake) coronation egg at the museum, we see this statue in the foreground. My ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a name for the WPA Art Style?

There seems to be a discernable common (although not universal) style to a lot of the art produced by the WPA during its history (1935-1943). I'd characterize it as more simplistic than realistic, ...
10
votes
3answers
778 views

Why didn't early modern Christians object to pagan symbolism in art?

I've been to a couple European museums recently, and a question that has been nagging at me is how a society composed of devout Christians could have been so okay with the introduction of pagan gods ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Did the medieval Europe have an active “lowbrow” culture?

When we look back on another age, we tend to skip to the highlights. That goes double for things like art, sports, literature, and music. But in our own time, we recognize that by divine fiat 90% of ...
17
votes
1answer
394 views

Language used on a dagger hilt, supposedly of Persian provenance, ca. 1700-1750

Could anyone guess what language is used in the sign made on this dagger hilt, supposedly of Persian provenance, and dated approx. 1700-1750? A fellow translator asked if I knew, and naturally I ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Who was the first Renaissance cartographer to include rich content in their maps that went beyond spatial points, borders, and location names?

In other words, which Renaissance cartographer was the first to really enrich their maps with imagery or icons that indicated other attributes about the locations they were mapping, or the people who ...
1
vote
4answers
650 views

Why anthropocentrism disappears during the Dark Ages

The human being ceases to be central part of Art in Europe with the arrival of the Dark Ages, only to return with the Renaissance. What are some factors that explain that?