Questions tagged [austria]

Questions about the history of the central European country of Austria

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1answer
73 views

What exactly is the “revolution from the bourgeois” referred to in flow?

I was reading the book Flow by Mihaly Csizkszentmihalyi, wherein the following quote is made on page 67: “The much more subtle but equally coercive social controls of bourgeois Vienna made Freud’s ...
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1answer
410 views

Was Emperor Francis II & I present at the Battle of Austerlitz?

The Battle of Austerlitz between France, Austria, and Russia on 2 December 1805 is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, because of the presence of Napoleon I, Alexander I, and Francis II &...
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181 views

How could a theatre be heated in 1808 Vienna?

Beethoven's concert of 22 December 1808 was held in an extremely cold theatre. How could it have been heated at the time? The date is too early for central heating to have been commonplace. Braziers ...
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1answer
114 views

Is it true that Austrians who refused to help SS in catching Soviet POWs would not face any negative consequences?

According to the Viennese government, civilians who refused to assist the SS in catching Soviet prisoners of war (during Mühlviertler Hasenjagd) did not face any negative consequences (my emphasis): ...
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2answers
223 views

How did Austrian paramilitary organisations amass weapons during the interwar period?

According to Wikipedia, the Austrian Social Democrats and their allies had over 2,500 rifles, 250 revolvers, 1,500 hand grenades, and 10,000 rounds of ammunition in February 1934. How did they (and ...
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2answers
662 views

Was it customary for young upper-middle class women to chew gum in public in German-speaking Europe?

I'm writing a fiction work and there is a scene about a young, well-educated, but stormy woman, willing to stretch the boundaries of what's allowed. I'm thinking about making her chew gum in public. ...
13
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1answer
916 views

Could a person get from the outer districts of Vienna into the city center via the sewage system?

I'm writing a novel that plays in 1945 Vienna. There are characters who want to get from Währing (A in the image below) to the city center (B) undetected. Is this realistic/believable for them to ...
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1answer
207 views

Why did the Austrofascists fight with the National Socialists and vice versa?

In another question I mentioned that the Austrofascists fought the National Socialists. Why? Did they have any important ideological differences?
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1answer
130 views

Were there revolts in or escapes from the Austrofascist camps?

During Austrofascism there were internment camps (Anhaltelager, see German Wikipedia), in which political prisoners were kept (National Socialists, Socialists, Communists). Have there been any ...
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473 views

Was it common for unmarried couples to live in the same hotel room in Europe of the 1930es?

Imagine an unmarried couple in their mid-twenties, both educated (teachers). They live in Vienna of the early 1930es (before the Anschluss). Was it acceptable for them to book one hotel room and ...
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1answer
250 views

German 10 zehn heller

This 10 zehn heller , which I believe at the top on the reverse says "Notgeld" but it is really hard to make out. The date looks like "1827" but is probably 1923 and it seems to have a wood grain ...
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600 views

What is the meaning of Verte! at the end of Sisi’s autopsy report?

The following document is a picture of a copy of the autopsy report of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, on display in the Sisi Museum in Vienna. It describes, in French, the wounds and the cause of death ...
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298 views

Did the Soviets cooperate with the Americans in catching criminals in post-war Vienna?

I'm writing a novel that is set in Vienna during the period when it was occupied by, among others, the Americans and the Soviets (1945-1955). The central district (grey in the image below) belonged to ...
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1answer
529 views

Why did many Hungarians support Maria Theresa?

In the first decade of the 18th century, Hungarians fought a very exhausting and, in the end, unsuccessful war to secede from the Habsburg Empire and re-establish their old kingdom. That time, the ...
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417 views

Why did the expelled Sudeten Germans and Danube Germans go to Germany, as opposed to Austria?

After the second world war, Germans that used to live in Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary, part of long-existent minorities there fled and/were expelled, mostly to Germany. Before 1918, they ...
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2k views

Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart ever called “Wolfi” or “Wolfie” by his wife?

In the 1984 film Amadeus based on Wolfgang Mozart's life, Wolfgang is commonly referred to as "Wolfi", especially by his wife (as spelled in the scripts I could find online). Amadeus also takes ...
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3k views

Why did Paul von Hindenburg wrongly call Adolf Hitler “Bohemian corporal”?

Paul von Hindenburg didn't like Adolf Hitler because he was a low-ranked individual from the poor/low class. He called him mockingly "Bohemian corporal". However in reality Adolf Hitler was not ...
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1answer
395 views

How do present-day Austrians look back at the 1938 Anschluss?

When in Salzburg, I was surprised to learn that actually not too many Austrian people know about "The Sound of Music". Some Austrian colleagues never heard the song "Edelweiss". In fact, Wikipedia ...
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2answers
3k views

Why did Bavaria join Prussia/Germany instead of Austria?

I am curious about why kingdom of Bavaria was assimilated by Prussia instead of Austria-Hungary If I consider following facts in 1854 Bavaria is Catholic country (same as majority of Austria-Hungary)...
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5k views

Why do central European nations use the color black as their national colors?

We all know that national colors exists, often associated directly with the flag of a nation. Red and white for example are one of the most frequently used colors world wide by many nations (Austria, ...
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Early 20th Century Vienna - memoirs of Travelers

I am searching for memoirs of travelers who went to Vienna in 1900-1913. What they saw and did, where they ate etc and am having a hard time finding anything.
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253 views

Military Strategy of Carnot

I'm listening to Mike Duncan's podcast, Revolutions, episode 3.44, and in it, he details the misfortunes of the French bumbling about the wrong side of the Rhine. According to Duncan, Carnot, now a ...
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1answer
311 views

How did “de-Nazification” efforts by Austria's occupiers proceed after WW2?

In his book, At Memory's Edge by James E. Young, the author states: In fact, unlike Germany’s near obsession with its Nazi-past, Austria’s relationship to its wartime history has remained ...
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1answer
190 views

Did French ever have any special status in Austria?

Did French ever have any special status in Austria or the Austrian empire, akin to it being the language of royalty in England (and possibly Russia, I'm not sure) (as opposed to it being just another ...
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372 views

What stood behind Maria Theresa's forestry policy?

Maria Theresa of Austria established laws that determined how many trees you have to plant for every cut-down tree. Why? Did the industry need so many trees because of the industrial revolution?
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Where did Metternich say the Balkans began?

Statesman and politician of Austrian Empire, Klemens von Metternich made somewhere his famous remark that "Balkan already begins on some road south from Vienna". Does anybody knows where was that road,...
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576 views

Why are Vorarlberg and Tirol part of Austria, when they are only connected to it by high mountains?

The western lands of Vorarlberg and Tirol are part of Austria, but they are only connected to Austria by mountainous pass which is not very practicable (Tirol and Vorarlberg among themselves are also ...
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4answers
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What made early 20th-century Vienna such an incubator for various intellectual activities?

There are almost too many examples to cite(the Austrian school of economics, Sigmund Freud, modernist figures in culture, Joseph Schumpeter, etc.). Here's a quote from Wikipedia's Vienna entry: ...
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9answers
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Given Hitler's Austrian ancestry, why did he develop German nationalism rather than Austrian nationalism?

Hitler's parents were Austrians, and Hitler had spent his childhood in Austria. However, Hitler expressed loyalty only to Germany but not Austria. This seems strange to me. Why did Hitler develop ...
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382 views

Who owned Franz Josef islands between 1918-1926?

Franz Josef land was discovered and claimed by Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1873. Previously Norway discovered it, but they never reported the discovery. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissoluted in 1918. ...
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727 views

Why was Anne of Austria so called?

She was a Spanish princess by birth. So why is she called "of Austria"? Is it because her mother was an Austrian princess? But presumably, it should be the person's place of birth that gives them ...
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678 views

Which countries protested against the Anschluss?

In the military history museum in Vienna, one of commentaries said only a few countries protested against Nazi Germany's 1938 annexation of Austria, which the German propaganda apparatus called the ...
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Why were Austria-Hungary's Slavic minorities put into multinational states?

From the perspective of the post-Cold War generation that saw Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia break up over ethnic squabbles (peacefully in the case of the former, acrimoniously in the case of the ...
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607 views

Was Marie Antoinette considered a fully legitimate bride for the heir apparent to the French throne in 1770? [closed]

When Marie Antoinette married Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France in 1770, who later became King Louis XVI of France, was she considered as a fully legitimate bride or was there some sort of political ...
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Why was Salzburg called „Stadt der Lebensforschung“ by the Nazis?

Wikipedia states, that the city of Salzburg (Austria) was called „Stadt der Lebensforschung“ as honorary city title. Is there any source that describes why?
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227 views

What factors made Austria adhere to “Diplomacy through marriage” doctrine?

Bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube – ‘Let others wage war: thou, happy Austria, marry’. Wikipedia doesn't say too much on the topic; but it's a frequently repeated historical anecdotal phrase. ...
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4answers
405 views

What are some examples of clauses against unifications in peace treaties?

I have learned in school that the Treaty of Versailles (after World War I in 1919) contained a clause that forbade unification of Germany and Austria. Presumably it is Article 80: Germany ...
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748 views

How did Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor come to control part of Spain? [closed]

My history book is cited below. My book says that when Charles V abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor, he gave control of his territories in Spain to his son, Philip II. However, what territories did ...
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2k views

Who was head of Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in 1907-1908

Do we know the names of people who would have made the decision not to admit Hitler in 1907 and 1908? Who was President of the Academy?
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2k views

What were acceptance criteria/process to the Vienna Fine Arts Academy in 1906-7?

One famous applicant rejected by the Vienna Fine Arts Academy was of course, Hitler. I got to thinking: so who was accepted instead? To make sense of this we would need to know how was the admission ...
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1answer
196 views

Of which countries was Ludwig von Mises a citizen?

This is a question regarding the economist and political thinker Ludwig von Mises. A short biography: Mises was born in 1881 in Lviv, then part of Austria–Hungary. He studied and worked in Vienna ...
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1answer
203 views

Did the Austrians win a “great victory” at Belgrade in 1738?

While researching the history of the Taaffe family (see also this question) I realized that a lot of the information about it in the wikipedia comes from a 1833 English noble almanach. Among other ...
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2answers
277 views

Did the Taaffe family maintain an actual connection with Ireland during the 19th century?

The Taaffe family is rather remarkable for having held both an Irish/UK and Austrian peerage. However, it is not clear from the wiki pages whether they (for example, Count Eduard, who was Austrian ...
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446 views

Typical fortifications around major cities in the 18th century

I came across this map of Vienna in 1769 (the city was then capital of the Hapsburg empire), i.e. almost a century after the major siege and battle of 1683 and almost a century before final removal of ...
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3k views

Austria and Iron Curtain during Cold War

Winston Churchill's Iron Curtain speech from 1946 contains the following famous passage: From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. ...
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1answer
460 views

Why was the movement for Austro-German unity less successful than that of Italian unity? [closed]

Primarily, I am looking at the differences between say, the movements for German unity and that of Italian nationalists. The record shows that the people of Austria had accepted without much ...
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800 views

Why did Austria cede Venetia at the end of the Third Italian War of Independence?

Looking at the wikipedia articles, they seemed to be winning (the Battle of Custoza and the naval battle of Lissa), and the war against Prussia was already finished. So why did it still cede Venetia ...