Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [austria-hungary]

Regarding the empire ruled by the "Dual Monarchy" of Austria and Hungary from 1867 to 1918.

4
votes
1answer
167 views

Austrian brass shell case (Berndorf 1910 R)

I would like to know which cannon could have fired such a shell and what does the R stand for? Was it fired in WWI? The dimensions are as follows: length 58 cm, width at the base 9.5 cm, and width ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

What does the date on the tombstone mean?

This photo was taken in the Cathedral of St. Martin in Bratislava. I found information about the genus Palffy, but not one of his representatives died in 1845; moreover, it turns out that this person ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

What is meant by “state people” in this context? (Governments of new Balkan states post-WWI)

I'm reading The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, but since my background is science I find the history a little hard to follow. What is the meaning of state people in the following quote? ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Besides Mexico, who was considered as a potential ally of the Central Powers?

The Zimmermann telegram to the embassy in Mexico outright suggests that German Empire is trying to court Mexico as an ally in the Great War: We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf often refered to by his given name “Conrad”?

I am reading various books and material about the Great War, and in the vast majority of cases, important figures are always referred to by their family names. I.e. Clemenceau, Pointcarré, von ...
47
votes
5answers
9k views

How was Germany able to hold itself together, while Austria-Hungary could not?

After defeat in WWI, the monarchies of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire rapidly crumbled, and their outlying provinces took the opportunity to declare independence and sovereignty. ...
6
votes
1answer
245 views

Before the Great War, was the word “Poland” typically used to refer only to the Russian partition of Poland?

Before World War 1, Poland was partitionned between Prussia, Austria-Hungary and Russia. However I have strong reasons to suspect that the word "Poland" was at that time referring specifically to the ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Where can I find the official response to Austria from Serbia in the July Crisis?

I am asking if it still exists, and if it does, if there is a photograph of the document and if this document is in a current museum exhibition. I am referring to the Serbian response to the "...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Did Tirol annex land (right flank of Val d'Avigna) from Switzerland between 1859 and 1869?

Map from 1859: The river in the middle of Val d'Avigna is described as the border between Switzerland and Austria. An earlier map from 1853 shows the same border: On a map from 1869 the border is ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

An Austrian Emperor who thought taking his own sweet time about rewarding his underlings was the best way to inspire respect?

I once glanced into a history book (which I don't own -- perhaps I was browsing in a library, years ago) and saw a reference to the following: Once upon a time, there was a Hapsburg boy who grew up ...
9
votes
1answer
14k views

Why did Russia support Serbia in the years leading to World War I?

Serbia, in its desires to develop a Slavic state, was hindered by Austria-Hungary, which took steps to stop Serbia, especially shown by the autonomy given to Albania by Austria. When Austria ...
9
votes
1answer
110 views

What exactly did the 1868 Szepes Petition do?

In 1868, Slovaks living in the Szepes region were demanding some sort of special status. They sent a petition to their rulers in the Diet of Hungary which is now known as the Szepes Petition. This ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Why did Bavaria join Prussia/Germany instead of Austria?

I am curious about why kingdom of Bavaria was assimilated by Prussia instead of Austria-Hungary If I consider following facts in 1854 Bavaria is Catholic country (same as majority of Austria-Hungary)...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How exactly did Franz Ferdinand hunt?

“Anything that moved, he was ready to shoot,” said Lebow. His personal record was reportedly 2,140 kills in a day. Franz Ferdinand tallied his kills in a massive journal. The grand sum of pheasant, ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

Was Karst (Kras) first region that was man-made reforested?

We know that for centuries trees from Karst were used as a foundations where Venice was build. So presumably, in 17th and 18th century, Karst was a stony desert. We also know that Karst or Kras (...
12
votes
2answers
698 views

What land did Polish nationalists claim in 1914?

In the early 20th century, Poland was split between Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany. However, clear borders of the "country" did not exist. When the country was finally re-created after the Great ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Could any Habsburg kings of Hungary speak Hungarian?

From 1526 to 1918, Hungary was ruled by the Habsburgs. Could any of the Habsburg kings speak Hungarian, and if so, to what degree? I know that Sissi, the consort of Franz Joseph I, was particularly ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

What proportion of the Austro-Hungarian army fought on each of the fronts?

During WWI, Austria-Hungary fielded an army of approximately 7.8 million soldiers. They fought against Russia in the east, Italy in the west, and Serbia (mainly) in the south. What proportion of the ...
6
votes
5answers
419 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...
10
votes
1answer
282 views

What autonomy did Bosnia lose when it was annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1908?

Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia in 1878 by forcing the Ottomans to leave after 400+ years of dominion. So I understand that Bosnia then became a territory of Austria-Hungary. In 1908, Austria-...
14
votes
3answers
9k views

What was unreasonable about Austria's ultimatum to Serbia?

There are actually three questions. First Question: It is often stated, especially in English-speaking media, that the terms of the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia 1914 were unreasonable. Sometimes the ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand in 1914 captured on film?

I have a memory of reading about how Franz Ferdinand's assassination in 1914 was captured on film and watching it, but for the life of me I cannot find this and am beginning to think I fabricated it. ...
6
votes
2answers
699 views

How/why did Plzeň become the “armourer” for Austria-Hungary?

In 1938, Nazi Germany coveted (the modern) Czech [Republic] in large part for its Skoda Works which produced something like one-quarter of the arms and ammunition used by the Third Reich. From what ...