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Questions tagged [austria-hungary]

Regarding the empire ruled by the "Dual Monarchy" of Austria and Hungary from 1867 to 1918.

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How did the Austro-Hungarian Compromise (1867) solve Austria's insolvency and economic issues?

After the Austro-Prussian War, Austria faced debt/financial issues, and they resorted to unification with Hungary. I do not understand how unification with another kingdom (Hungary) could solve the ...
GMoss's user avatar
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1 vote
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Did Austria-Hungary have to cede land to Italy after occupying Serbia, and was it because of article 7?

Article VII of The Triple Alliance, signed 1912, states the following: Austria-Hungary and Italy, having in mind only the maintenance, so far as possible, of the territorial status quo in the Orient, ...
Felix Borelius's user avatar
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2 answers
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Did Austro-Hungarian emperor literally wear two crowns?

From George Antonius' The Arab Awakening: The Arab provinces were to form a single kingdom with its own parliament and local government, and with Arabic as the language of its institutions; the ...
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3 answers
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At the beginning of the 20th century, how did Austria-Hungary and Russia's foreign policies conflict in the Balkans?

I'm reading The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914 by Christopher Clark. Either I missed something or it was omitted, but I don't understand how Russia and Austria-Hungary's foreign policies ...
GMoss's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
257 views

What do the collar symbols / insignia on this WW I Austrian soldiers uniform mean?

I am trying to determine what the rank or group of a soldier in a vintage photo is. I've been searching the internet for collar insignia but coming up short. I'd appreciate any help given. ...
rohrl77's user avatar
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20 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why did the Schlieffen Plan prioritize invading France?

AFAIK, the consensus is that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia, which led to Russia coming to Serbia's defense. The fact that this would lead ...
Will's user avatar
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8 votes
0 answers
351 views

Can anyone identify these uniforms (stated to be "Austrian")?

I recently purchased these uniforms, in which I was told that they were "Austro-Hungarian/Austrian." Upon looking further at the lighter-green one, I noticed that it had a trim pattern ...
user54463's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
157 views

What are this uniform and these medals?

Help identifying uniform from the 1900s? Brought this uniform to America.
cncwillard's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
306 views

Can anyone help ID the probably World War One, Austrian, Italian, or Czech uniform in the picture?

This is a picture of my grandfather. Paul Boratko. We think he was born in Austria, but married a woman from Slovakia and immigrated to the USA after WWI. I'm trying to identify the uniform in this ...
Dennis's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
388 views

Were there any attempts at a federation or commonwealth to save Austria-Hungary from breaking up after ww1?

As known, the population of Austria-Hungary was made up of 11 major ethnic identities.. When the war ended, A-H broke up as it was instead of forming a new federation of Austria, Hungary with an ...
Kav's user avatar
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0 answers
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Can you identify this (possibly Bulgarian) uniform?

can someone identify the country the uniform is from? Context: Must have been born before 1880. First served in the Austro-Hungarian army, perhaps as an officer servant, possibly to a man who later ...
SalesforcePetr's user avatar
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Were there other reasons or interests apart from Pan-Slavism for the Russian Empire to support Serbia? [duplicate]

In my History class, I was taught that that the Russian Empire supported Serbia's independence and nationality and fought against the Austria-Hungary Empire due to Pan-Slavism. My point is, were there ...
Gregory's user avatar
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1 answer
285 views

What did Russia do in 1848 that could make the Austrians seek "brutal revanche" towards the Russians?

In the first volume of the Thalerhof Concentration Camp Almanacs (Russian title: Талергофсiй альманахъ, пропамятная книга австрiйскихъ жестокостей, изуверстствъ и насилий надъ карпато - русскимъ ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Did Austrian chief of staff Franz Riml say that the only way to correct the Russophile Ukrainians is to exterminate them?

Several Russian pages claim that Austrian general Franz Riml von Altrosenburg said the following: Galician Russians can be divided in two groups: a) Russophiles and b) Ukrainophiles. If ...
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6 votes
1 answer
398 views

What did Moritz Ormai forge and what happened to him?

In October 1910, the Austro-Hungarian embassy requested that the United States extradite a certain Moritz Ormai, the charge being forgery. The request was granted, as noted in this letter to the US ...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
301 views

How was the Karwendel railway important to Germany's plans for WW1?

While reading Max Hastings' book "Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes To War", I was surprised by the following paragraph (emphasis added): In 1912-13 Germany had declined to support a tough Austrian ...
David Loeffler's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
204 views

Was the internment camp Thalerhof the first concentration camp in Europe?

During World War I, Austrohungarian authorities ran a so-called internment camp in Thalerhof (close to Graz in modern Austria). According to Encyclopedia of Ukraine The first 2,000 prisoners at ...
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Which cannon could fired this Austrian brass shell case (Berndorf 1910 R)?

I would like to know which cannon could have fired such a shell and what does the R stand for? Was it fired in WWI? The dimensions are as follows: length 58 cm, width at the base 9.5 cm, and width ...
Felipe's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
227 views

What does the date on the tombstone mean?

This photo was taken in the Cathedral of St. Martin in Bratislava. I found information about the genus Palffy, but not one of his representatives died in 1845; moreover, it turns out that this person ...
Mouvre's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is meant by "state people" in this context? (Governments of new Balkan states post-WWI)

I'm reading The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, but since my background is science I find the history a little hard to follow. What is the meaning of state people in the following quote? ...
Notiophilus's user avatar
18 votes
2 answers
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Besides Mexico, who was considered as a potential ally of the Central Powers?

The Zimmermann telegram to the embassy in Mexico outright suggests that German Empire is trying to court Mexico as an ally in the Great War: We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted ...
Yasskier's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
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Why is Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf often refered to by his given name "Conrad"?

I am reading various books and material about the Great War, and in the vast majority of cases, important figures are always referred to by their family names. I.e. Clemenceau, Pointcarré, von ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Can you identify this possibly Austro-Hungarian military uniform from either WW1 or before?

My Great Grandfather died in 1929 at age 50, putting his possible year of birth at 1879. He was born and died in Istria, now modern-day Croatia. During his lifetime, however, this part of the world ...
Peter Peric's user avatar
48 votes
7 answers
12k views

How was Germany able to hold itself together, while Austria-Hungary could not?

After defeat in WWI, the monarchies of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire rapidly crumbled, and their outlying provinces took the opportunity to declare independence and sovereignty. ...
SPavel's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Before the Great War, was the word "Poland" typically used to refer only to the Russian partition of Poland?

Before World War 1, Poland was partitionned between Prussia, Austria-Hungary and Russia. However I have strong reasons to suspect that the word "Poland" was at that time referring specifically to the ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
102 views

Where can I find the official response to Austria from Serbia in the July Crisis?

I am asking if it still exists, and if it does, if there is a photograph of the document and if this document is in a current museum exhibition. I am referring to the Serbian response to the "...
user2820579's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
192 views

Did Tirol annex land (right flank of Val d'Avigna) from Switzerland between 1859 and 1869?

Map from 1859: The river in the middle of Val d'Avigna is described as the border between Switzerland and Austria. An earlier map from 1853 shows the same border: On a map from 1869 the border is ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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2 votes
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An Austrian Emperor who thought taking his own sweet time about rewarding his underlings was the best way to inspire respect?

I once glanced into a history book (which I don't own -- perhaps I was browsing in a library, years ago) and saw a reference to the following: Once upon a time, there was a Hapsburg boy who grew up ...
Lorendiac's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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Why did Russia support Serbia in the years leading to World War I?

Serbia, in its desires to develop a Slavic state, was hindered by Austria-Hungary, which took steps to stop Serbia, especially shown by the autonomy given to Albania by Austria. When Austria ...
Stardust's user avatar
  • 203
8 votes
1 answer
279 views

What exactly did the 1868 Szepes Petition do?

In 1868, Slovaks living in the Szepes region were demanding some sort of special status. They sent a petition to their rulers in the Diet of Hungary which is now known as the Szepes Petition. This ...
Joe's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
9k views

Why did Bavaria join Prussia/Germany instead of Austria?

I am curious about why kingdom of Bavaria was assimilated by Prussia instead of Austria-Hungary If I consider following facts in 1854 Bavaria is Catholic country (same as majority of Austria-Hungary)...
Michal's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

How exactly did Franz Ferdinand hunt?

“Anything that moved, he was ready to shoot,” said Lebow. His personal record was reportedly 2,140 kills in a day. Franz Ferdinand tallied his kills in a massive journal. The grand sum of pheasant, ...
Michael Orwell's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
172 views

Was Karst (Kras) first region that was man-made reforested?

We know that for centuries trees from Karst were used as a foundations where Venice was build. So presumably, in 17th and 18th century, Karst was a stony desert. We also know that Karst or Kras (...
Febo's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
895 views

What land did Polish nationalists claim in 1914?

In the early 20th century, Poland was split between Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany. However, clear borders of the "country" did not exist. When the country was finally re-created after the Great ...
Bregalad's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Could any Habsburg kings of Hungary speak Hungarian?

From 1526 to 1918, Hungary was ruled by the Habsburgs. Could any of the Habsburg kings speak Hungarian, and if so, to what degree? I know that Sissi, the consort of Franz Joseph I, was particularly ...
Psychonaut's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
229 views

What proportion of the Austro-Hungarian army fought on each of the fronts?

During WWI, Austria-Hungary fielded an army of approximately 7.8 million soldiers. They fought against Russia in the east, Italy in the west, and Serbia (mainly) in the south. What proportion of the ...
Joe's user avatar
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5 votes
5 answers
663 views

Were there any assassinations of high-profile Austrian officials before that of the Archduke Ferdinand?

I am trying to argue that "the Blank Cheque" ushered Austria to be aggressive against Serbia, thus leading to WW1. Were there any assassinations, mainly by Serbians, of equally or a bit less important ...
MikhailTal's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
395 views

What autonomy did Bosnia lose when it was annexed by Austria-Hungary in 1908?

Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia in 1878 by forcing the Ottomans to leave after 400+ years of dominion. So I understand that Bosnia then became a territory of Austria-Hungary. In 1908, Austria-...
amphibient's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers
12k views

What was unreasonable about Austria's ultimatum to Serbia?

There are actually three questions. First Question: It is often stated, especially in English-speaking media, that the terms of the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia 1914 were unreasonable. Sometimes the ...
Matthaeus's user avatar
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22 votes
2 answers
2k views

Was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand in 1914 captured on film?

I have a memory of reading about how Franz Ferdinand's assassination in 1914 was captured on film and watching it, but for the life of me I cannot find this and am beginning to think I fabricated it. ...
George Mandis's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

How/why did Plzeň become the "armourer" for Austria-Hungary?

In 1938, Nazi Germany coveted (the modern) Czech [Republic] in large part for its Skoda Works which produced something like one-quarter of the arms and ammunition used by the Third Reich. From what ...
Tom Au's user avatar
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